Why should patients with chronic nephritis pay attention to oral diseases? Experts point out that this is because chronic kidney disease is not an independent disease. Can cause a variety of diseases, oral problems is one of them, experts give you a detailed introduction.
A common characteristic of chronic kidney disease is that with the further development of renal function damage, the kidney can not maintain its excretion function well, resulting in the accumulation of metabolites, which gradually develops into chronic renal failure, uremia and so on. In this process, due to the accumulation of metabolites, especially the poor excretion of urease produced by human endocrine, urea acts on saliva to produce ammonia, which can stimulate oral mucosa damage, inflammation and ulcer. Therefore, in the prevention and treatment of chronic kidney disease, we must pay attention to oral health care, the following two points are worth reference.
Drink plenty of water to keep your mouth moist
No matter with or without renal dysfunction, patients should drink water frequently, and drink water at least 6 times a day, that is, at least 2 times in the morning, in the middle and in the evening, so as to keep the mouth moist. Because when the mouth is dry, not only the mucous membrane is easy to be damaged, but also aggravates the bad smell of the mouth, so it is necessary to drink water frequently. However, it should be noted that drinking water frequently is not equal to drinking more water, and how much water to drink should be determined according to the state of renal function. If the kidneys are functioning well, drink no more than 1500 milliliters of water per day. If the kidneys are poor, drink less than 1500 milliliters of water daily, so as not to aggravate body * sodium retention.
Gargle frequently and keep your mouth clean
In addition to brushing teeth once in the morning and in the evening, patients with chronic kidney disease should gargle at least 5-6 times a day, especially after every meal. Studies have shown that frequent gargling can reduce oral odor, reduce the irritation of ammonia to the mouth, inhibit bacterial growth, and help to prevent oral inflammation.