tomorrow is the Double Ninth Festival, which is an important festival in China. The ninth day of the ninth day of the ninth lunar month is one of the four traditional festivals for ancestor worship in China. On this day, people need to go out to enjoy the scenery, climb the heights and overlook, watch chrysanthemums, plant dogwoods, eat the double ninth cake and drink chrysanthemum wine. What are the customs of Chongyang Festival?
What's the date of Chongyang Festival in 2018?
Time of the Double Ninth Festival in 2018: October 17, 2018 (9th day of September in the lunar calendar).
What are the customs of Chongyang Festival?
Chongyang Festival is also known as the "old man's Day", "climbing the heights" and "stepping on the autumn". The ancients thought it was a day worthy of celebration. Generally, there would be tours, views, chrysanthemums, dogwoods, Chongyang cakes and chrysanthemum wine.
In ancient times, there was a folk custom of climbing in Chongyang, so Chongyang Festival is also called "Climbing Festival". It is said that this custom began in the Eastern Han Dynasty. There are many poems written by the Tang dynasty literati, most of which are about the customs of Chongyang Festival. The seven laws of Du Fu, named "climbing high", are the famous articles about the customs of climbing high in Chongyang. There is no uniform rule for climbing everywhere. Generally speaking, it is to climb mountains and towers.
[eat Chongyang cake]
According to historical records, Chongyang cake, also known as flower cake, chrysanthemum cake and five color cake, has no definite method of making and is more casual. In the morning of September 9, the ancient people made cakes in September, by using cakes to match their children's heads and saying words in their mouths. They wished their children everything was high. The exquisite Chongyang cake should be made into nine layers, like a pagoda, with two lambs on it, so as to conform to the meaning of Chongyang (sheep). Some even put a small red paper flag on the double ninth cake and light a candle light. This means "light the lamp" and "eat the cake" instead of "climb the high", and "small red paper flag" instead of dogwood. Today, there is no fixed variety of Chongyang cake. All kinds of soft cakes eaten in Chongyang Festival are called Chongyang cakes.
[enjoy chrysanthemum and drink chrysanthemum wine]
Chongyang Festival is the golden autumn of the year. Chrysanthemums are in full bloom. It is said that appreciating chrysanthemums and drinking chrysanthemum wine originated from Tao Yuanming, a great poet of Jin Dynasty. Tao Yuanming is famous for his seclusion, poetry, wine and love of chrysanthemum. Later generations, with the help of others, have the custom of enjoying chrysanthemum in Chongyang. In the old days, literati and doctors also combined chrysanthemum appreciation with banquets to get closer to Tao Yuanming. In Kaifeng, the capital of the Northern Song Dynasty, there was a prevailing trend of chrysanthemum appreciation in Chongyang. At that time, there were many kinds of chrysanthemums with various shapes. People also call the ninth month of the lunar calendar "the chrysanthemum moon". In the Double Ninth Festival with chrysanthemum blooming, chrysanthemum viewing has become an important part of the festival. After the Qing Dynasty, chrysanthemum appreciation was particularly prosperous, not limited to September 9, but it was still the most prosperous around the Double Ninth Festival.
[insert dogwood and chrysanthemum hairpin]
The custom of planting dogwood on the Double Ninth Festival was very common in Tang Dynasty. The ancients believed that on the day of the Double Ninth Festival, dogwood can be planted for shelter and disaster relief; or it can be worn on the arm, or it can be used as a sachet to put dogwood in it, or it can be put on the head. Most of them are women and children. In some places, men also wear them. Wearing dogwood on the Double Ninth Festival is recorded in Gehong's miscellany of the western classics in the Jin Dynasty. Besides wearing dogwood, people also wear chrysanthemum. Tang Dynasty has been so, the prevalence of successive dynasties. In the Qing Dynasty, the custom of the Double Ninth Festival in Beijing was to stick chrysanthemum branches and leaves on the doors and windows to 'remove the ferocity and filth and call for good luck'. This is the change of hairpin chrysanthemum on the head. In Song Dynasty, there were also pieces of color cut into dogwood and chrysanthemum for gift.
In addition to the above-mentioned traditional customs of the Double Ninth Festival, there are also special customs in different places, which are not listed by Xiaobian.