In summer, the taste of litchi is delicious and sweet. Many people like it very much. But if you don't pay attention to litchi, it may cause 'Litchi disease'. Litchi is delicious, but when you eat it, you also have many things to pay attention to. Let's follow Xiaobian to learn about it.
1. Not suitable for eating on an empty stomach
The sugar content of fresh litchi is very high. Eating it on an empty stomach will stimulate the gastric mucosa and cause stomach pain and distention. In addition, if you eat too much on an empty stomach, you will suddenly add too much high sugar to your body, resulting in a 'hypertonic coma'.
2. Don't overdo it
Eating litchi in large quantity and rarely, it is easy to cause sudden hypoglycemia, dizziness, thirst, nausea, sweating, stomachache, palpitation and other phenomena. In serious cases, coma, convulsion, arrhythmia and so on will occur. These symptoms are sudden hypoglycemia after a large number of eating litchi. They are called "litchi acute poisoning" or "litchi disease" in medicine. Because most of the monosaccharides in litchi are fructose, fructose can only be converted into glucose or glycogen for storage by a series of enzyme catalysis after being absorbed by the body, and then be oxidized and utilized by tissue cells. If too much litchi is eaten at one time, the blood sugar content will be much lower than normal, which will cause hypoglycemia. Therefore, litchi disease is an acute disease caused by hypoglycemia, which is manifested as early morning onset, often with sweating, limb cold, fatigue, diarrhea and other early symptoms, followed by sudden convulsions and coma. If there are symptoms of burning, you can eat some cold watermelon to relieve the fever.
No more than 10 litchi should be eaten at a time. If you eat more litchi, your liver will rise, your throat will dry and your tongue will be dry. If you eat more litchi, you will suffer from nausea, limb weakness, dizziness, etc. Especially for children, eat 3-4 capsules, and eat more easily.
3. Take care of diabetes patients
Litchi has a high sugar content, so people with diabetes should be careful. At the same time, people who have the symptoms of yin deficiency and fire are not allowed to eat, so as to avoid aggravating the symptoms of fire. Dry sore throat, gums swelling pain, epistaxis and other diseases should also be avoided.
4. Try not to eat water soaked lychees
At present, many litchi in the market are soaked with water, which contains a lot of water. A large amount of water will dilute the digestive fluid after entering the gastrointestinal tract, causing anorexia or dyspepsia, and also causing temporary hypoglycemia.
Some water soaked litchi may contain toxic ingredients such as detergent, which may also cause dizziness.
Tips on litchi selection
Fresh litchi should be bright in color, big and even, thin in skin and thick in flesh, tender and juicy, sweet and fragrant. When selecting, you can first pinch it in your hand. A good litchi should feel tight and elastic. From the appearance, the color of fresh litchi is generally not very bright. If the head of litchi is sharp, and the density of nails on the epidermis is high, it means that litchi is not mature enough, on the contrary, it is a mature litchi. If the shell of litchi is flat and the suture is obvious, the taste will be very sweet.
How to choose different varieties of litchi?
Osmanthus: the fruit is spherical, medium-sized, light red, with thin and crisp shell. The chapped peak of the epidermis is sharp and prickly, with osmanthus fragrance.
Nuomici: the fruit is flat heart-shaped, large in size, bright red, with smooth peaks on the surface, prominent bulge on one side of the shoulder, and small in flesh, thick and small in core.
Feizixiao: the fruit is large, the average weight of a single fruit is 30g, and the flesh is tender and juicy.
Black leaves: the fruit is oval or skew heart-shaped, medium-sized, dark red, thin shell, flat and blunt surface crack pieces, uniform size, regular arrangement, obvious cracks and sutures, large core.
White wax: the fruit is heart-shaped, medium-sized, with a light red skin and yellow wax color, thick and crisp, smooth turtle lobes, soft and smooth pulp, sweet and juicy.