As we all know, the high school entrance examination and the college entrance examination are one of the more important examinations that students face in their lives. But recently, there is news that Jiangxi wants to cancel the high school entrance examination. Why should Jiangxi cancel the high school entrance examination? Let's learn about it with the editor.
On April 3, the reporter learned from a press conference held by the Education Department of Jiangxi province that since the freshmen in the first year of 2018, our province has comprehensively implemented the junior high school academic level examination, and integrated the junior high school graduation and senior high school enrollment into a unified standard of junior high school academic level examination, that is, from the freshmen in the first year of 2018, the province will cancel the current unified secondary school entrance examination (that is, the provincial secondary school enrollment examination), Instead of academic level examination, the academic performance of high school enrollment comes from academic level examination.
What's the reason for the cancellation of the entrance examination in Jiangxi
In terms of the subjects of academic level examination, 13 subjects are included in the scope of examination, such as extra language, morality and rule of law, history, geography, physics, chemistry, biology, music, sports and health, fine arts, and information technology in comprehensive practical activities. Among them, foreign language includes listening test, physics, chemistry, biology including experimental operation. Other situations of comprehensive practical activities (research learning, community service and social practice, labor and technical education, etc.) are included in the comprehensive quality evaluation.
For scoring subjects, Jiangxi Province includes Chinese, mathematics, foreign language, sports and health, morality and rule of law, history, physics and chemistry. The pilot areas are encouraged to select some subjects from geography, biology, music, art and information technology to be included in the admission scoring subjects and explore the "8 + n" model in accordance with the principle of comprehensive development and moderate burden.
In terms of the score of the examination subjects, the academic level examination results are presented in the form of scores or grades, and grade presentation is encouraged to overcome the score calculation and avoid excessive competition. The total score of the 13 academic level examination subjects is 850 points. The specific scores are: 120 points for Chinese, 120 points for mathematics, 120 points for foreign languages (including 20 points for listening), 80 points for morality and rule of law, 80 points for history, 85 points for Physics (including 5 points for experiment), 75 points for Chemistry (including 5 points for experiment), 55 points for Biology (including 5 points for experiment), 50 points for geography, 50 points for sports and health, and 15 points for information technology.
Music and art can be presented with grades or "qualified", "unqualified" or scores, which shall be determined by counties (cities) directly under the jurisdiction of provinces and cities.
In terms of examination methods, the foreign language and political history take the written examination; the materialized students take the combination of written examination and experimental operation; the sports and health take the field test; the information technology take the operation examination; the music and art take the combination of process and final examination. All localities may adopt appropriate examination methods according to the nature and characteristics of disciplines, and cultural disciplines may adopt the method of grouping papers or similar subjects.
In terms of examination time, the junior high school academic level examination should follow the study and follow the examination. In principle, it should be arranged at the end of the school year. Among them, the time of entrance examination is arranged in June.
The overall implementation time of "two examinations in one" is from the beginning of the first year of junior high school in autumn 2018. From 2018 to 2020, the graduates of the third year of junior high school still participate in the provincial secondary school entrance examination with the unified proposition of the provincial education examination institute.
In addition, it was proposed at the meeting that since the first year of junior high school in the autumn of 2018, Jiangxi Province has cancelled the three good students at all levels, outstanding student cadres, and students in various disciplines competitions to add points, and the relevant specialties and performances are included in the comprehensive quality evaluation files of students.
Improve the evaluation of students' comprehensive quality
The comprehensive quality evaluation of junior high school will be implemented from the first year of junior high school in autumn 2018. Jiangxi Provincial Department of education will establish a unified information management system for the comprehensive quality evaluation of junior high school students in the province. According to the nature of compulsory education and the characteristics of students' age, combined with the reality of education and teaching, the evaluation is carried out from five aspects of Ideological and moral character, academic level, physical and mental health, artistic quality and social practice, focusing on the cultivation and outstanding performance of students' daily behavior norms, fully reflecting the overall development and personality of students.
The evaluation process is divided into four steps: realistic record, selection publicity, input system and file formation. For students transferred from other provinces and cities to schools in Jiangxi Province, the relevant activity records and factual materials shall be entered into the comprehensive quality files of students after the transfer out school issues certification materials and the transfer in school publicizes and reviews them.
Deepening the reform of examination and enrollment
Counties in the province that have implemented the reform of junior high school graduation examination and senior high school enrollment system will carry out the pilot reform of enrollment mode of senior high school entrance examination starting from the junior high school first year students enrolled in the autumn of 2018; other regions outside the pilot will determine the enrollment mode by cities and districts according to the achievement of junior high school academic level examination. Starting from the first grade students of junior high school who entered in the autumn of 2021, we will comprehensively carry out the reform of enrollment mode of high school entrance examination.
The pilot areas should reform the composition of the admission scoring subjects, and incorporate Chinese, mathematics, foreign languages, sports and health, morality and the rule of law, history, physics and chemistry into the admission scoring subjects in accordance with the principle of consolidating the foundation and giving consideration to both arts and Sciences. The pilot areas are encouraged to select some subjects from geography, biology, music, art and information technology to be included in the admission scoring subjects and explore the "8 + n" model in accordance with the principle of comprehensive development and moderate burden. In the pilot areas, the comprehensive quality evaluation is taken as the basis and reference for the enrollment of high school students, but not as a subject of scoring, which should be reflected and reflected in the comprehensive quality evaluation.
In accordance with the requirements of popularizing the high school education and the enrollment scale of general vocational education, encourage and guide the students with strong practical ability and obvious vocational tendency to accept vocational education. Continue to implement the method of reasonable allocation of enrollment quota of high-quality ordinary high schools to junior high schools in the region (according to the proportion of no less than 70% of the unified enrollment plan), the proportion of balanced enrollment of rural junior high schools should be higher than that of urban junior high schools, and promote the balanced development of compulsory education.
Strengthen the management of examination and enrollment
A certain number of independent enrollment quota shall be given to the qualified high school (in principle, it shall be controlled within 5% of the total enrollment plan of the school in that year, and the proportion of special high school schools determined by the state, provinces and cities with districts can be appropriately relaxed), so as to promote the diversified and characteristic development of high school and meet the development needs of students with different potentials.
On the basis of canceling all kinds of sports competitions, art performances and other student bonus items since the first year of junior high school in autumn 2016, canceling the three good students at all levels, excellent student cadres and students in various disciplines competitions from the first year of junior high school in autumn 2018, and recording the relevant specialties and performances in the comprehensive quality evaluation files of students.
Establish and improve the enrollment management system, standardize the enrollment behavior of the school, forbid the enrollment beyond the plan, forbid the enrollment across districts and cities in violation of regulations, forbid the enrollment in advance in violation of regulations, and prevent vicious competition; improve the mechanism of reporting violations of disciplines and accepting complaints, establish the accountability system, strengthen the supervision and inspection of the junior high school academic level examination, comprehensive quality evaluation, enrollment and other aspects, and seriously check Violation of regulations and disciplines.