Every year, March 12 is tree planting day. Many parents take their children to plant and get close to nature. Do you know the origin of tree planting day? What's the significance of tree planting day?
What is the origin of tree planting Festival
Modern Arbor Day was first initiated in Nebraska. Before the 19th century, Nebraska was a barren plain with few trees and yellow sand. People suffered a lot from it. In 1872, Julius & middot; Sterling & middot; Morton, a famous American agronomist, proposed to establish a tree planting festival in Nebraska to mobilize people to plant trees in a planned way. At that time, the State Agriculture Bureau adopted the proposal through a resolution, and the governor personally designated the third Wednesday in April as tree planting day. Over the next 16 years, another 600 million trees were planted, finally turning the 100000 hectare wilderness of Nebraska into a dense forest. In order to recognize Mr. Morton's achievements, in 1885, the State Council officially stipulated that Mr. Morton's birthday, April 22, would be the annual tree planting day and a day off. After discussion, the world's first tree planting day stamp was issued in 1932. The picture shows two children planting trees.
In the United States, Arbor Day is a state holiday, there is no national uniform date. But every April and may, every state in the United States organizes tree planting day activities. For example, Rhode Island has a tree planting day on the second Friday of May and a day off. In other states, there are fixed dates. In other states, the governor or other government departments of the state temporarily decide the date of arbor day. When the tree planting Festival comes, the masses from all walks of life, mainly students, form a vast army of tree planting and put into tree planting activities.
According to statistics, 1 / 3 of the United States is covered by forest trees, which is inseparable from tree nodes.
Establishment time of tree planting festival in China
Shortly after the founding of the Nanjing Government of the Republic of China, where Sun Yat-sen was the interim president, the Ministry of agriculture and forestry was established in May 1912, under which the Department of mountain and forestry was set up to take charge of the national forestry administrative affairs; in November 1914, the first forest law in modern history of China was promulgated.
In 1915, Ling daoyang, Han'an, Pei Yili and other forest scientists were impressed by the state's poor forestry, saying that "mountains are heavy and mountains are heavy, and the country is not hairy". They wrote to Zhou Ziqi, Minister of agriculture and Commerce of the Beiyang government, to advocate the annual Qingming Festival as the "Chinese tree planting Festival". In July 1915, at the initiative of Sun Yat-sen, the Beiyang government at that time formally ordered that the Qingming Festival be taken as the arbor day every year. With the approval of July 21 of that year, the arbor day has been established in China since then.
On March 12, 1925, Dr. Sun Yat Sen died. In 1928, in order to commemorate the third anniversary of Sun Yat Sen's death, the national government held a tree planting ceremony. Later, in order to commemorate Dr. Sun Yat Sen, the day of his death, March 12, was designated as tree planting day.
In 1979, after the founding of new China, at the proposal of Deng Xiaoping, the sixth session of the Standing Committee of the Fifth National People's Congress decided to hold the tree planting Festival on March 12 every year. In February 1979, on the proposal of the State Council, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress formally adopted the resolution that March 12 of each year is to be the arbor day.