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What are the symptoms of vaginitis? How to prevent vaginitis?

Sometimes, some simple lifestyle adjustments can also help avoid the recurrence of vaginitis.

It's important to keep the vaginal flora balanced

Although vaginitis can be divided into several types, on the whole, it can be roughly divided into two types. One is because external pathogens enter the vagina and cause inflammation. The other is because the imbalance of bacteria in the vagina causes inflammation.

The former is what we call mycotic vaginitis, trichomonal vaginitis and some bacterial vaginitis; the latter is another part of bacterial vaginitis and nonspecific vaginitis.

Let's talk about "flora imbalance". There are more than 30 kinds of resident bacteria in vagina, the most common one is lactobacilli, which is recognized as the most important probiotic member in normal vagina. 16 kinds of lactobacilli have been isolated from vagina, among which the lactobacilli that can produce H2O2 play a key role in maintaining vagina self purification and anti infection.

Of course, there are other aerobic and anaerobic bacteria whose function is to maintain a stable micro ecological balance, which is actually a barrier. In addition to the natural physical barrier of the labia minora, the balance of bacteria in the vagina is also critical. They are like generals guarding different areas, cooperating with each other and restricting each other. In this checks and balances relationship, white blood cells will also be used as guards to fight against the regional generals who suddenly appear to have a head. That's why white blood cells are sometimes found in normal leucorrhea routines. Once the relationship between the bacterial groups is broken, there will be a series of changes, which will eventually lead to vaginitis.

Therefore, as long as we can maintain the balance of bacteria in the vagina, we can effectively reduce the recurrence of vaginitis.

So, how to maintain the balance of flora?

1. Do not wash the vagina

In some cases, such as too much vaginal secretions, serious vaginal pollution, or the need to wash the vagina before using vaginal packing drugs to ensure the effectiveness of the drugs, the doctor will tell you that you need to wash the vagina. In addition, no matter what kind of lotion or medicine you use, please do not wash your vagina without permission, let alone make it a habit to wash your vagina.

Especially the girl who has the habit of cleanliness thinks that nothing in the vagina is the most ideal state, in fact, it is easy to cause infection. In addition, it takes a long time to recover the imbalance of vaginal flora in this case. In addition to the treatment of pathogens, it is also necessary to use drugs to recover its resident flora, which may be reinfected at any time in the recovery process, which is the reason for repeated attacks.

What's the right way to clean it? Clean your vulva with water every night to keep it dry and clean. Clear water is the boiling water put to room temperature; the way is scrubbing, not bubble washing, not irrigation, not even sitting bath; the part is the vulva, including the size of the labia, as well as the ravines between them, the pubic mound, perianal and so on; then choose to keep dry, do not wet to start wearing underwear or using pads.

2. Change bad habits

Usually, the occurrence and development of vaginitis are related to sexual life. The influence of sexual life on the balance of vaginal flora is obvious, especially for those who have frequent sexual life.

Therefore, for those who have regular sexual life, please pay attention to the cleaning of both partners before and after the same room; if there are obvious infection symptoms, it is recommended that sexual partners take drugs together; if there is no plan for pregnancy, or there are multiple sexual partners, please use condoms for contraception and protection; if currently in the medication period, please stop sexual life.

Or the cleaning of underwear, please be sure to clean the close fitting clothes separately, to avoid the incomplete cleaning of close fitting clothes caused by mixed washing. Another is not to put the underwear in the toilet and other closed and humid space to hang, please hang in the open and ventilated space.

There are also some bad habits: frequent use of sanitary napkins and pads; inappropriate selection of sanitary napkins; inappropriate selection of underwear materials; not paying attention to cleaning during menstruation, etc. These habits need to be changed in order to create a clean and stable perineum environment, which is of great significance for the treatment and recovery of vaginitis.

3. Receive regular treatment

Many women find vaginitis symptoms, out of shyness dare not go to the hospital, so began to seek online information help. But the Internet is full of all kinds of unreliable information, it is likely that after buying a pile of food, use and lotion, the symptoms have not improved.

Some women choose to go to irregular hospitals because of their shyness. After a while of tossing and worrying, it is not only not cured, but also possible to make the inflammation more serious, or recurrent.

I hope you can make it clear that regular examination and treatment is the right way to treat diseases.

4. Strictly follow the doctor's instructions

Only by strictly following the doctor's advice can the cause be eradicated. Frankly speaking, not strictly using drugs and stopping drugs by themselves are all possible problems for all patients.

Some diseases will have obvious effect in the early stage of medication. For example: bacterial vaginitis usually 2-3 days after the use of metronidazole vaginal tablets, it will have obvious effect. At this time, some patients will stop taking medicine on their own because of the symptoms abating or disappearing. In addition, some bad habits have not changed. However, there is no way to eradicate the cause of the disease in such a short time, and the inflammation will recur soon.

There are also some people who decide to extend their medication time, hoping that they can cure vaginitis at one time, which is just the opposite. In particular, the use of a large number of antibiotics is like poisoning the well water of this country. It will not only kill the enemy, but also kill the beneficial flora guarding the country. Then there will be another scene of desolation, increasing the probability of inflammation recurrence. Therefore, no matter the medication time is too short or too long, it is not correct.