Sihai network: the incidence rate of cerebral hemorrhage is not low at present. In China, there are 60~80/10 million people in every year, and the mortality rate is high. The mortality rate is about 30~40%. It is often seen in hypertension with cerebral arteriosclerosis, arteriovenous malformation, leukemia, thrombocytopenic purpura, hemophilia, polycythemia and so on.
Many patients with cerebral hemorrhage have certain characteristics. I don't know if any doctors have noticed that many patients with cerebral hemorrhage start in the cold season! After the weather becomes cold, the blood vessels contract. If there is hypertension basis, then the blood pressure will rise. With the increase of age, most of the patients with hypertension have vascular sclerosis. At this time, the occurrence of cerebral hemorrhage is inevitable.
Intracerebral hemorrhage often starts with severe headache. Patients often complain of intolerable headache, and then nausea and vomiting. These are all caused by the compression of hematoma and the increase of intracranial pressure after intracerebral hemorrhage. In a very short period of time, such as ten minutes or half an hour, the severe person will have unconsciousness, which can gradually develop from shallow coma to deep coma. Even some of them may have irregular breathing and pupil changes in a very short period of time, resulting in respiratory arrest and cardiac arrest. When many patients with cerebral hemorrhage are sent to the emergency department, they have changed their breath and pupil. Such cases are critically ill, most of them have poor prognosis and high mortality.
In addition, hemorrhage in different parts of brain tissue has different neurological defects, For example, putamen hemorrhage may lead to contralateral hemiplegia, partial deep sensory loss and hemiblindness; lobar hemorrhage, if involving temporal lobe, may be accompanied by mental symptoms, epilepsy, but involving occipital lobe, may lead to visual field defect; pontine hemorrhage, with hematoma greater than 5ml, may lead to coma, central hyperthermia, dyspnea and quadriplegia; intracerebral hemorrhage may lead to headache, vomiting and disturbance of consciousness, severe Can die quickly.
How to prevent cerebral hemorrhage?
We can know from the etiology that hypertension combined with cerebral arteriosclerosis is the most common etiology, so blood pressure control is crucial, regular medication, low salt and low fat diet, in addition, it is best to have a sphygmomanometer at home; if the blood pressure fluctuates greatly, it is necessary to go to the hospital in time for drug adjustment.
Because most of cerebral hemorrhage is related to hypertension, in order to prevent cerebral hemorrhage, we need to control blood pressure well in our daily life.
1. To enhance health awareness, we should often measure blood pressure and understand our blood pressure status. Don't think that if you are young, you won't have blood pressure rise, especially for the elite talents who are busy, sleepless and entrepreneurial, because blood pressure is more likely to rise in the tense and anxious environment or factors.
2. If your blood pressure is abnormal, such as slightly increased, you must face it in mind, but don't worry too much. You should take non drug methods to control your blood pressure under the guidance of your doctor, such as proper exercise, weight loss, low salt diet, smoking and alcohol restriction, balance mentality, etc., and change your bad lifestyle, such as drinking, staying up late, sitting for a long time, etc.
3. For the cerebral hemorrhage caused by cerebral vascular malformation and aneurysm, it seems that no one knows whether he has this disease. However, if he can achieve peace of mind, he should not be too happy or sad at any time, which is good for preventing cerebral hemorrhage. In addition, in daily life, if headache symptoms occur for many times, besides the factors of bad rest, imaging examination should also be done in time to eliminate the possibility of cerebral artery malformation and aneurysm, so as to prevent it from happening.
4. The elderly with hypertension should take medicine under the guidance of doctors and control their blood pressure. We should also pay attention to keep defecation unobstructed and prevent constipation, so as to prevent cerebral hemorrhage caused by excessive force.