Four seas network: the word pelvic effusion is believed to be no stranger to women. Although pelvic effusion is a common problem for women, it is easy to have pelvic effusion because of what reasons. How is pelvic effusion caused? What is pelvic effusion? Let's follow the small part to learn more about it~
Causes of physiological pelvic effusion
According to the number of effusion, pelvic effusion is divided into physiological and pathological. The effusion is within 1 cm, which belongs to physiological pelvic effusion. In some women, during menstruation or ovulation, a small amount of blood will accumulate in the pelvic cavity. This is because the pelvic cavity is at the lowest position in anatomy. When there is a small amount of exudate, leakage or rupture bleeding in the pelvic and abdominal organs, the liquid will first accumulate in the pelvic cavity, thus forming pelvic effusion.
This kind of physiological pelvic effusion is generally less, will gradually absorb by itself, and will not cause uncomfortable symptoms, so it does not need to be treated. Not only menstruation, a small amount of blood flow to the pelvic cavity can cause pelvic effusion, ovulation in the middle of menstruation follicular fluid accumulation in the pelvic cavity can also lead to pelvic effusion, constipation patients, due to the abnormal peristalsis of the intestine, can cause a small amount of intestinal fluid leakage leading to pelvic effusion.
Causes of pathological pelvic effusion
If the effusion is more than 1 cm, it belongs to pathological pelvic effusion, which is often accompanied by the feeling of low abdomen, pain in the lower abdomen and lumbosacral region, decreased resistance, menstrual disorder, infertility and other problems. The specific reasons are as follows:
(1) Unclean menstruation
Pelvic effusion is often related to not paying attention to personal hygiene during menstruation, because when menstruation comes, the endometrium will fall off, the blood sinus inside the uterine cavity will be open, and there will be small blood clots, etc., which is very suitable for the growth of bacteria. If the personal hygiene is not in place, the use of unclean sanitary cotton or not replaced in time, menstrual sex, etc., can cause bacteria breeding, pelvic inflammation, pelvic effusion.
In the case of postpartum, abortion operation, releasing (removing) ring operation, salpingography (fluid passing), if the sterilization is not strict during the operation, then it is easy to complicate infection after the operation. And at this time, women's body is weak, their immune ability is low, and their cervix is in an expanding state. If they don't pay attention to the cleanliness of the reproductive parts or have sex too early, the bacteria in the vagina and cervix may also rise, which may cause bacteria breeding and pelvic infection.
(3) Adjacent organ lesions
Suffer from vaginitis, cervicitis, inflammation upward infection, eventually leading to pelvic inflammation. When suffering from appendicitis or peritonitis, women are prone to pelvic inflammation.
(4) Acute and chronic pelvic inflammation
Patients with acute or chronic pelvic inflammatory disease are usually accompanied by lower abdominal pain (bilateral or unilateral), lumbosacral pain, abortion or medical history. The specific reason for the occurrence of effusion is that the serous exudation caused by inflammation can not be absorbed by the body, and gradually accumulated in the body.
(5) Other special circumstances
A few cases were caused by rupture of ectopic pregnancy, rupture of corpus luteum, pelvic abscess, chocolate cyst and ovarian cancer. Ovarian and fallopian tube tumors, liver and kidney diseases can cause pelvic effusion accompanied by ascites, even pleural effusion. When tuberculous pelvic inflammation, the peritoneum and the surface of pelvic organs are covered with miliary tuberculosis focus, and a large amount of exudate will accumulate in the pelvic cavity.