4hw.org: Recently, Mongolia officially abolished the death penalty, becoming the 105th country in the world to abolish the death penalty. As we all know, the death penalty is the highest penalty for serious damage to national laws. Most criminals committed heinous crimes before their death, and the right to strip their lives is the respect for other lives. So why do more and more countries abolish the death penalty? Let's see the detailed report below!
In July this year, Mongolia's new criminal law officially entered the implementation stage, which means that the country officially abolished the death penalty, becoming the 105th country in the world to abolish the death penalty. According to foreign media reports, Mongolia has become the 105th country to abolish death penalty in the world on July 1. With the new version of criminal law adopted by Mongolia by vote in 2015 officially entering the implementation stage on July 1 this year, the death penalty has become a history in Mongolia.
The death penalty can be said to be the oldest penalty of all mankind. In 1767, Italian Beccaria first proposed to abolish the death penalty. He believed that it was unfair for the state to take a person's life. Since then, the issue of the existence and abolition of death penalty has been debated for more than 200 years in the world.
At present, two thirds of the countries in the world have abolished the death penalty at the legislative or judicial level, 105 countries have abolished the death penalty for all crimes, 7 countries have abolished the death penalty for ordinary crimes, 29 countries have abolished the death penalty at the judicial level, a total of 141 countries, and 57 countries still retain the death penalty.
Why do so many countries abolish the death penalty
The first country in the world to really abolish the death penalty for all crimes is Venezuela in South America, which promulgated the decree of abolishing the death penalty in 1863. In the 20th century, the movement of abolishing death penalty developed rapidly and had a great influence in the world.
For decades, the world has been arguing about the existence or abolition of death penalty. Europeans believe that 'death penalty deprives human beings of the most basic right to exist', and constantly put pressure on countries such as the United States, Japan, China and India that insist on death penalty. And the countries that stick to the position of death penalty are unambiguous: "since the abolition of death penalty is based on the respect for the right to life, then the victim's right to life does not need to be respected? Does this not violate the concept of natural human rights and equality for all?"
In the countries that retain the death penalty, more and more countries tend to hold a strict attitude towards the death penalty, one of which is to reduce the application of the death penalty in legislation, and limit it to a few extremely serious crimes, such as murder, treason and war crimes. The second is to strictly control the death penalty in judicature. Some countries only sentence or execute several or one death penalty in a year, and some countries even execute one death penalty in several years. This article is compiled by sihai.com.cn and reprinted with the source. The original link: http://www.4hw.com.cn/life/
At present, countries that have not abolished the death penalty are mainly concentrated in the Middle East, North Africa and Asia. Many countries in the Middle East still retain some cruel ways of death penalty, such as beheading in Saudi Arabia and stoning in Iran.