4hw.org: Recently, the hot broadcast of "military division alliance" caused a heated discussion among the public. Cao Zhi's fate in the play was also concerned. When we mentioned Cao Zhi, we must think of his seven step poem at the first time. From being loved by Cao Cao to being ignored, Cao Zhi's life is also a big ups and downs, so how did Cao Zhi die in history? Was Cao Zhi killed by Cao Pi? Let's see the details below!
How did Cao Zhi die? Why didn't Cao Zhi become a son of the world
Because of his talent and learning, he was favored by Cao Cao in his early years. He once wanted to be a prince, but later he fell out of favor. In the 16th year of Jian'an (211), Pingyuan Marquis was sealed, and in the 19th year of Jian'an (214), Linzi Marquis was changed. In the second year of Huang Chu (221), Emperor Wen of Wei Dynasty, he was renamed king of juancheng. After Cao Pi became emperor, he was suspected and persecuted by Cao Pi, and he was demoted and changed his fiefdoms. After Cao Pi's death, Cao Rui, Cao Pi's son, took the throne. Cao Zhi wrote several times, hoping to be appointed, but failed to do so. Finally, he died of melancholy at the age of 41.
When did Cao Zhi die
December 27, 232
Cao Zhi (December 27, 1922-232), Zijian, born in Dongwuyang (now Shenxian County, Shandong Province), is the third son of Cao Cao and empress Bian of Wuxuan. He was the king of Chen before his death, and his posthumous title is "Si". Therefore, he is also called king of Chen Si.
Cao Zhi was a famous writer in the Three Kingdoms period. As one of the representatives and integrators of Jian'an literature, he was regarded as a model of the article in the two Jin and southern and Northern Dynasties. His representative works are Luoshen Fu, Baima chapter and Qiai poem. Because of his literary attainments, later generations called him "three CAOS" together with Cao Cao and Cao Pi.
His poems are famous for their vigorous brushwork and the use of thrushes. Thirty volumes of his poems have been left, but they have been lost. Cao Zhi's prose also has the characteristics of "feeling, elegance and resentment, body and quilt quality", and its variety makes him achieve remarkable achievements in this respect. Xie Lingyun, a litterateur in the Southern Song Dynasty, said that "only one stone can be found in the world, and Cao Zijian has eight battles.". Zhong Rong, the author of the book of songs, also praised Cao Zhi for his high spirit, colorful words, elegant feelings and resentment, and excellent style. As the highest poet in the book of poetry and the founder of lyric character of Chinese poetry, he has the historical status of "a generation of poets" in the history of poetry. Wang Shizhen tried to talk about the poets who were called "immortal talents" in the two thousand years since the Han and Wei dynasties. Cao Zhi, Li Bai and Su Shi were three people's ears.
Talent is pressing
In the third year of Chuping (1922), Cao Zhi was born in Dongwuyang. Cao Zhi is the third son of Cao Cao and his wife Bian (she has four sons for Cao Cao: Pi, Zhang, Zhi and Xiong). At that time, Cao Cao did not have a firm foothold in the north and lacked a fixed base area. His family members often followed the army. Therefore, like many brothers, Cao Zhi spent his childhood in the army. This kind of military life lasted until the ninth year of Jian'an (204), when Cao Cao defeated Yuan Shao group, the powerful enemy, and conquered Yecheng (now Linzhang, Hebei Province), which had been in operation for many years.
Cao Zhi was very intelligent when he was only ten years old. He was able to read the book of songs, the Analects of Confucius and the CI and Fu of the pre Qin and Han Dynasties. Hundreds of scholars have also been widely involved. He is quick in thinking and sharp in conversation. When he comes to Cao Cao, he is often right when he is asked questions. Cao Cao once read the article written by Cao Zhi, and asked him pleasantly, 'did you ask someone to write it for you?' Cao Zhi replied: 'saying that is to say, writing is an article. As long as you have a face-to-face exam, you will know. Why do you ask someone to write it for you?'
In addition, he has a frank and natural disposition, does not pay attention to solemn appearance, chariot and horse clothing, does not pursue gorgeous and rich, which naturally suits Cao Cao's taste. Gradually, Cao Cao began to transfer his love to Cao Zhi.
In August of the 11th year of Jian'an (206), 15-year-old Cao Zhi first went to Chunyu (now northeast of Anqiu) with his father to take charge of the pirates.
In the 12th year of Jian'an (207), he returned to Yecheng in January. In his "self test form", he said that "facing the sea in the East" refers to this matter. In September, 16-year-old Cao Zhi followed his father to march northward to Liucheng (today's Chaoyang, Liaoning Province). He said in the self-examination form that "going out of Xuansai in the north" refers to this trip, and the white horse chapter is Cao Zhi's portrayal of the war with his father during this period.
In July of the 13th year of Jian'an (208), Cao Zhi, 17, marched south with his father to Xinye, where he fought with his father and Sun Quan in Chibi.
In the fourteenth year of Jian'an (209), Cao Zhi returned to his hometown Bozhou for the first time after his father's battle.
In the 15th year of Jian'an period (210 years), the bronze sparrow platform built by Cao Cao in Yecheng was completed, and a group of literati were called to "mount the platform for Fu". Cao Zhi was also among them. Among all the people, Cao Zhi was the only one who raised his pen and thought a little. He was the first one to hand in the paper, which was called "Ode to the stage". From then on, Cao Cao placed great hopes on Cao Zhi, thinking that he was the most able to achieve great things.
In the autumn of the 16th year of Jian'an (211), Cao Zhi, who had just performed the coronation ceremony, said goodbye to the excellent life of banqueting and playing in Yecheng, chanting poems and making Fu, and asked for his hat with emotion and followed his father to the West. Travel all the way through mountains and rivers, and stay at night. When the army of the western expedition moved to Luoyang, the capital of the emperor, Cao Zhi was stunned by the scene in front of him: suffering from the war, the former prosperity of Luoyang City disappeared without trace, there were ruins everywhere, brambles and thorns, the former magnificent imperial palace had become a ruin, buried in the weeds, and yellow leaves were dancing all over the city. Cao Zhi, who was full of blood, left Luoyang with the Western expeditionary army and continued to march westward with a heart that made great contributions to his reputation. After more than a year's war of annexation, the western region finally ended the chaos and ushered in its stability and tranquility. The triumphant Cao Zhi was soon granted the Marquis of Linzi.
Cao Zhi in the history of the Three Kingdoms
In the Yecheng period, there was a matter of great importance to Cao Zhi, which affected his whole life. This was the dispute between the sons of the world.
In the 19th year of Jian'an (214), Cao Zhi was renamed Linzi marquis. This year, Cao Cao left Cao Zhi in Yecheng and told him: 'I was twenty-three years old when I was Tunqiu Ling. I never regret what I did back then. Now you are twenty-three years old, how can you not work hard! "Cao Zhi was favored because of his talent. Ding Yi, Ding Na and Yang Xiu all came to help him. Cao Cao was a little hesitant. He almost made Cao Zhi Prince several times. However, Cao Zhiwen's popularity and talent are too strong. He often acts willfully, does not pay attention to decoration and restraint, drinks wine without restraint, and does several things that are very disappointing to Cao Cao.
Especially in the 22nd year of Jian'an (217), when he was away from Cao Cao, he sat in the royal family's chariots and horses and opened the Sima gate of the royal palace. He galloped on the forbidden road that only the emperor could walk for a ceremony, and played to the golden gate. He had long forgotten Cao Cao's decrees. Cao Cao was furious and put to death the bus order which was in charge of the royal family. From then on, Cao Zhi gradually lost Cao Cao's trust and favor. In October, Cao Cao called Cao Pi to be his son. From then on, Cao Zhi said goodbye to the high spirited life stage, and fell into the depression and deep sorrow.
In the twenty-four years of Jian'an (219), Cao Ren was besieged by Guan Yu. Cao Cao asked Cao Zhi to serve as the general of nanzhonglang, who was the general of the army, and led the troops to rescue Cao Ren. After the order was issued, Cao Zhi was too drunk to be ordered, so Cao Cao regretted that he would not be used again.
Luo Shui's feelings
In the first month of the 25th year of Jian'an (220), Cao Cao died in Luoyang. Cao Pi succeeded to the throne. At the age of 29, Cao Zhi wrote the table of Shangqing Emperor Wen receiving Zen and Wei De Lun. After Cao Pi became emperor, he took strict precautions against Cao Zhi. Later, because of the pressure of Bian's mother, Cao Pi had to move Cao Zhi several times. Cao Zhi's life has changed since then. He changed from a noble prince who lived a happy life to an object that was restricted and attacked everywhere.
Cao Zhi's whole body portrait, Gu Kaizhi's painting of Luoshen Fu.
In the second year of Huang Chu's reign (221), Cao Zhi, 30, was transferred to an Xiang Hou (now Jinzhou Hou City, Hebei Province), with 800 families in the city. In July of that year, he was renamed juancheng Hou (now juancheng County, Shandong Province), which was the annual work "the Yellow sparrow in the wild field", which became an important turning point in Cao Zhi's life.
In April of the third year of the reign of the Yellow Emperor (222), Cao Zhi, 31, was granted the title of king of juancheng, a city of 2500 households. That is to say, on the way back to juancheng after being granted the title of king, he wrote the famous Ode to Luoshen. In the ode to the God of Luo, the poet depicts the image of a beautiful and affectionate goddess, and regards her as a symbol of his beautiful ideal, and places his love and admiration for it. He also makes up the story of courting to the God of Luo, which symbolizes his passionate pursuit of beautiful ideal. Finally, through the description of love failure, he expresses his pursuit of ideal Be shattered.
Sigh of sorrow
In 223, Cao Zhi, 32, became king of yongqiu.
In the sixth year of the reign of the Yellow Emperor (AD 225), Cao Pi returned from his expedition to the south, passed yongqiu, met Cao Zhi, and increased his household by 500.
In the seventh year of the Yellow Dynasty (226), Cao Pi died of illness, and Cao Rui succeeded to the throne, namely Wei Mingdi. Cao Zhi is eager to show his talent. He wrote to Cao Rui many times and asked for political appointment. His heart of fist and fist can make the hard hearted people moved. However, Cao Rui, who was too calm and rational, was as good as ever, and could not rise to the slightest disturbance. He only gave verbal praise to Cao Zhi for his various confessions and demands. Cao Rui still strictly prevented and restricted him, and the situation did not fundamentally improve. In the 12 years of Wen and Ming, Cao Zhi had been relocated many times, and the last one was in Chenjun.
In the third year of Taihe (229), Cao Zhi, 38, became a disciple of dong'a, during which he devoted himself to the study of Buddhist scriptures and the creation of Buddhist scriptures.
In the sixth year of Taihe (232), Cao Zhi became king Chen. In November, Cao Zhi died of melancholy at the age of 41. According to his last wishes, he was buried in the East Ayu mountain. Later generations called it "King Chen" or "King CHEN Si".