With the continuous opening of the two child policy, China's population is also on the rise. A recent study shows that Shandong people are the most daring to have a second child. No wonder some netizens joked that the revival of China depends on Shandong people? Why Shandong people are the most daring to have a second child? Let's see what experts say?
According to the statistics of the growth of resident population, birth rate and natural growth rate of each province in 2016, Guangdong's resident population increased the most last year, reaching 1.5 million, followed by Shandong, close to one million. In terms of birth rate, Shandong, Xinjiang, Tibet, Fujian and other provinces are in the forefront. Related article link: http://www.4hw.com.cn/life/zone.html
Shandong people dare to have two children
After Guangdong, Shandong's permanent population growth last year reached 994800, close to a million mark. The increase of Shandong is mainly related to the high birth rate. Statistics released by Shandong health and Family Planning Commission show that with the opening of the two child policy, the birth rate of Shandong Province has increased significantly. In 2016, 1.7706 million people were born, which is equivalent to 1 / 10 of the whole country, 534800 more than the previous year. Among them, the proportion of two children was more than 60%, reaching 63.3%, far more than one child. Shandong has also become the most daring Province in the country to have two children.
In 2016, Shandong's birth rate was 17.89 & permil;, ranking first in all provinces in China. According to the statistical yearbook of Shandong Province, the birth rate in 2016 has reached the highest since 1991. In 2016, the natural population growth rate was 10.84 & permil;, 4.96 thousand points higher than the previous year.
Why do Shandong people dare to give birth? Experts believe that this is related to the concentrated release of long-term accumulated fertility willingness in Shandong Province Related article link: http://www.4hw.com.cn/life/zone.html
On the other hand, the county economy of Shandong is developed, and the urban development is mainly in small and medium-sized cities. The house price is much more stable than that in Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou, Jiangsu and Zhejiang. The lower cost of parenting also makes people dare to have children.
After Guangdong and Shandong, Sichuan, Henan, Anhui and Zhejiang also increased their population by more than 500000 last year. Among them, Sichuan, Henan and Anhui are all the most populous provinces in the central and western regions. As a developed coastal province in the East, Zhejiang has attracted a lot of immigrants.
By contrast, Jiangsu, the second largest economic province, has a permanent population of nearly 80 million, ranking fifth in the country, but last year's population growth was only 223000, ranking 15th in the country, which is related to the high level of urbanization and low fertility in Jiangsu. In addition to its low fertility rate, the inflow of foreign population is not large.
At the end of the list, the permanent population growth of five provinces is less than 50000, namely, the three eastern provinces, Shanghai and Beijing. The population increase in Beijing and Shanghai is only 24000 and 44300, respectively. This is because at present, the population in Beijing and Shanghai has exceeded 20 million, and there are "big city diseases" such as overpopulation, traffic congestion and ecological environment. In order to solve these problems from the root of the disease, Beijing and Shanghai have put forward population control and dispersion policies, and set up a strict population red line Related article link: http://www.4hw.com.cn/life/zone.html
Last year, the permanent population of the three eastern provinces all showed negative growth. Among them, Jilin and Heilongjiang decreased by 202900 and 121800 respectively, Liaoning decreased by 46000.
At a press conference of the national development and Reform Commission on December 13 last year, officials of the national development and Reform Commission said that in the past five years (2010-2015), about 240000 people had moved out of the three northeastern provinces, excluding the factors of natural population growth. Vertically, compared with the previous decade, there is no trend of accelerated loss.
The official said that the population changes in the Northeast are mainly caused by two factors: natural population growth and population mobility. In recent years, the process of industrialization in the eastern region is speeding up, while the northeast region is facing the adjustment of industrial structure. The number of industrial and technical workers and some college graduates looking for job opportunities and development platforms outside the northeast is increasing. At the same time, some retired workers and other personnel moved to the south for living due to the climate.
The natural growth rate of population in Northeast China is indeed low, which is related to the relatively high urbanization level of the three northeastern provinces for a long time. At the end of 2015, the urbanization rate of the three northeastern provinces reached 61.3%, 5-6 percentage points higher than the national average. Under the higher urbanization rate is the lower fertility rate. The data shows that the birth rate of the three eastern provinces was lower than 7 & permil; last year, and the natural population growth rate was negative.