Dumplings are common food in our life. In particular, northern people eat dumplings every family in the new year. Why do they eat dumplings? What are the meanings and origins of eating dumplings in the new year. Here's a small editor to answer for you one by one!
Why do you eat dumplings
Second, people are looking forward to eating the unpleasant troubles of the past year, like eating dumplings, and praying for good luck in the new year. Third, eating dumplings and praying for the birth of a baby early next year, the whole family Ding Xingwang, the child has the meaning of success. In addition, dumplings have become the mascot of the Spring Festival because of their shape like silver ingots. Eating dumplings in the Spring Festival symbolizes the meaning of "making a fortune in the new year, and the rolling of the ingots", which embodies people's good wishes of "Attracting Wealth and treasure".
For the sake of auspiciousness and celebration, people will put some things in dumplings, such as red dates, which means to have a baby or get rich early; some put chestnuts, which means good luck; others put coins, who eats them, indicates who can get rich. Even if it's the same kind of dumpling, there are different ways to eat it: Daur people in Inner Mongolia and Heilongjiang want to cook the dumplings in vermicelli broth. Then we eat dumplings with soup; in some areas of Henan Province, dumplings and noodles are boiled together, which is called "gold thread wears Yuanbao".
There are also taboos for eating dumplings in the new year. For example, boiled dumplings can't be said to be 'broken', 'rotten' or 'bad', but they can't be said to be 'earned' or 'increased'. These taboos have the moral of people seeking auspiciousness.
The meaning of eating dumplings and the origin of dumplings:
Dumpling is a kind of folk food with a long history, which is very popular among the people. There is a folk saying that "delicious dumplings are not good enough". Every Spring Festival, dumplings become an indispensable delicacy. According to "Guangya" written by Zhang Yizhu, a man from the Wei Dynasty of the Three Kingdoms, there was a kind of food called "wonton" which was shaped like a crescent moon at that time, basically similar to the shape of dumplings now. In the northern and Southern Dynasties, wonton shaped like the moon, the world's food. It is speculated that when the dumplings were cooked, they were not fished out to eat alone, but were mixed with soup in a bowl, so people at that time called the dumplings' wonton '. This kind of eating method is still popular in some areas of China, such as Henan, Shaanxi and other places where people eat dumplings, they should put some parsley, onion, shrimp skin, leek and other small ingredients in the soup. Around the Tang Dynasty, the dumplings had become exactly the same as the dumplings they had now, and they were pulled out and eaten separately on the plate. In Song Dynasty, jiaozi was called "jiao'er", which is the etymology of the word "Jiaozi" in later generations. This kind of writing can still be seen in yuan, Ming, Qing and the Republic of China.
Dumplings were called "flat food" in the Yuan Dynasty. According to Wanshu miscellany written by Shen bang in Wanli period of Ming Dynasty: 'New Year's Day & hellip; as a board food'. Liu Ruoyu's "drink in the annals" says: 'on the first day of the first day of the new year, hellip; eat fruit snacks, that is, board food. The 'plaques' of the' yuan and Ming Dynasty 'plaques for food' have now been made 'flat'. The name of "flat food" may come from Mongolian. In the Qing Dynasty, there were new appellations for dumplings, such as "dumplings", "water snacks" and "boiled pastry". The increase in the names of dumplings shows that the spread of the region is expanding. The custom of eating dumplings during the Spring Festival was quite popular in Ming and Qing Dynasties. Dumplings are usually wrapped before 12:00 p.m. on New Year's Eve and eaten at midnight. At this time, it is the beginning of the first day of the first lunar month. Eating dumplings takes the meaning of "more year old Jiaozi" and "Zi" as "Zishi". Jiaozi is homophonic with "Jiaozi", which means "happy reunion" and "good luck".
What kind of dumplings are suitable for Chinese new year
1. Leek stuffing (also known as vegetarian three delicacies, meaning peace)
The main points are the proportion of fillings and seasoning. 70% leek, 15% scrambled eggs and 15% watercress; seasoning: the best oil is blended oil (peanut oil, pepper oil and lard oil each account for one third), salt is one percent, a small amount of pepper powder can be added without monosodium glutamate. It's not too long for seasoning, so it's nutritious and delicious.
2. Hemei filling (Hemei, Pingan)
Stuffing: cut carrots into shreds, blanch and squeeze water with a clean cloth, chop with a knife, the proportion is 60%; chop with a knife, the proportion is 20%; chop with a knife, the proportion is 20%. Seasonings: first, chopped green onion and ginger, second, blended oil (peanut oil, sesame oil and lard oil account for one third respectively), third, refined salt and pepper powder (pour with hot oil, and then mix with stuffing).
3. Pork filling
The best choice for pork stuffing is 50% streaky meat and 50% pure meat. Slice first and then chop with a knife (don't chop too much). Stir it with water and soy sauce. 70% for meat filling and 30% for vegetables (carrots, carrots and vermicelli). Onion (if the stuffing is not immediately packed, please do not put onion) ginger powder, five flavor powder, salt, cooking wine, chicken powder, monosodium glutamate, sugar, soy sauce, pepper oil, sesame oil, etc. can be mixed.
4. Mutton filling (auspicious)
The minced mutton is hydrolyzed with prickly ash and beaten vigorously. The mutton likes ginger, and the proportion of ginger powder is slightly larger, and the meat accounts for 70%. Vegetables (20% carrots, 10% vermicelli) accounted for 30%. A small amount of soy sauce, mainly seasoning with salt, pepper powder, sesame oil.
5. Beef filling
The minced beef is hydrolyzed with prickly ash and beaten vigorously. The meat and vegetables are still in three or seven. Vegetables with green radish and a small amount of pink. The seasoning is basically the same as mutton.
6. Three fresh fillings (fish, shrimp and sea cucumber, meaning to take the lead in business)
The grass carp meat is slightly soaked in scallion and ginger salt water to squeeze the water, chopped into minced mud, stirred with scallion and ginger water to make it strong, the shrimp is cut into grains with a knife, and the sea cucumber is diced. Season with salt, cooking wine, lard and sesame oil. Vegetables can be properly added some brittle raw materials such as horseshoe (water chestnut) or tender bamboo Xun and so on.
What to eat with dumplings for Chinese New Year
Although dumplings are delicious, they are also unhealthy. Generally speaking, the filling of dumplings is mainly meat, with more meat and less vegetables. If you eat too much, you will feel greasy. It is not only uncomfortable in the taste, but also extremely harmful to your health. Therefore, many people like to dip some vinegar into the dumplings to relieve.
In fact, in addition to dipping in vinegar, we can also eat dumplings while drinking some healthy drinks that can go greasy, which can also get good results. There are many healthy drinks with the effect of removing greasiness, such as tea, juice, etc., but the most suitable one to match with dumplings is the traditional Chinese drink of sour plum soup. Although sour plum soup tastes sour, it belongs to the authentic alkaline drink. When we eat more acidic food such as meat, we take too much oil, which leads to blood acidification. Drinking sour plum soup will also help us to keep the acid-base balance in our blood. Moreover, the taste of sour plum soup is sweet and sour, which is more suitable for drinking with dishes than bitter tea and sweet juice.