A magnitude-6.4 earthquake occurred in the sea area near Hualian County, Taiwan, on the night of April 4, which made many cities along the coast of Fujian feel obvious. According to the official determination of China Seismological Network, at 21:56 on January 4, an earthquake with a magnitude of 6.4 occurred near Hualian County, Taiwan (24.20 degrees north latitude and 121.72 degrees east longitude), with a depth of 10 kilometers.
Earthquake is the most merciless natural disaster, so when the earthquake comes, how can we escape? Earthquake self rescue method guide you absolutely need, do not blind escape.
So, the following knowledge of earthquake self rescue, you must know!
A. if you are in the bedroom
Don't drill under the machine: after the earthquake, houses collapse sometimes to form a triangle space in the room. These places are relatively safe places for people to survive, which can be called the shock proof space. It includes small places such as under the bed edge, under the solid furniture, at the root of the interior wall, at the corner of the wall and so on. People used to think that it was safest to get under the bed, but it was not the best place to hide.
Hide the hanging object at the beginning: choose the place where there is no hanging object on it and there is no power plug nearby, so as to prevent the falling of the hanging object on it and the secondary disaster caused by the fire of the power line.
Wardrobe is not allowed to enter: during the Tangshan earthquake, someone went into the wardrobe to hide. When the rescue team found out a few days later, the person was intact, but finally suffocated.
Open the door: the hiding place is close to the door. It is better to open the door. You can lean back on the door frame, hold your head in your hands, and be ready to transfer at any time when the earthquake is over, so as to prepare the way for escape.
B. If you are in the living room
Take the living room as a transfer zone: modern people are rich in life. After the appearance of the spacious and bright new living room, its functions are also changing, becoming the area of daily reception and leisure. Living room is a place with no accumulation in all directions. In the earthquake, the living room should be regarded as a safe transfer zone.
The escape appliance should be placed in the obvious place of the living room: the traditional Chinese custom is to lock the escape appliance in the deep of the cabinet, but it can't play a role once it is used. The escape appliance should be placed in the obvious place of the living room, which is convenient for people in each room to pick up and run.
C. If you are in the bathroom
Here's the safest: if you happen to be in the bathroom when the earthquake happens, Congratulations, your chances of survival are much higher. When an earthquake occurs, the smaller the room is, the safer it is. The larger the room is, the more likely it is to collapse. The walls of the toilet are mostly load-bearing walls, with less falling objects on the roof, which is relatively safer.
The water source is very important: keeping the water source is a big advantage of the toilet. In the Tangshan earthquake, some people relied on the water for a long time.
Mozadu: we all know that the toilet is the safest, but when the earthquake happens, we must not hide in the bathroom with the whole family. Scattered hiding can increase the survival probability. Because, where is the safest place in an earthquake is not sure, it is only relatively safe. The scattered hiding means that there are always people out there in case of an earthquake, who can immediately carry out rescue.
D. if you are in a tall building
Keep away from the windows of high-rise buildings: during the earthquake, the wall of high-rise buildings facing the road is very unstable, and the windows of high-rise buildings should be far away. Nowadays, the buildings are generally of frame structure. The role of bricks is to keep out wind and rain, but they do not bear load. In an earthquake, the frame is always there and the wall is gone. If people hide under the window, they can easily be thrown out.
Never take the elevator: never use the elevator in case of an earthquake. Once the power is cut off, if you can't get up or down, you will be stuck in it. In case of an earthquake while taking the elevator, press all the buttons on each floor of the operation panel. Once it stops, leave the elevator quickly and take refuge after confirming safety.
Where to run depends on the situation: after the earthquake, do you have to run down? The answer is not necessarily. Especially for residents living on high floors, the principle of running to the nearest place is to run to the ground as close as possible to the ground and to the top as close as possible to the roof. In a word, "see the sky and the ground" can contact with the outside world, which is relatively safer.
Confirm whether the escape way or the fire passage: when you escape, you must take the escape way. Tall buildings themselves are cupping pots. When designing tall buildings, some of them have designed special fire passage, which is used to dredge the fire. It's necessary to distinguish clearly.
The use of escape rope is divided into groups: some families are equipped with escape equipment, such as speed down rope, which must be used in the quiet period after the end of a round of earthquake wave. What I remind you is that the people who use the rope must be trained. They need the support of their feet in the process of speed drop. Otherwise, it's no different from jumping, just a lot of rope.
E. if you are in a low building
Brick and concrete buildings are more likely to collapse: compared with the same conditions, brick masonry is the main bearing material of brick and concrete structure, which has poor seismic performance and slightly better frame structure. After the earthquake, people living in the old brick and concrete buildings should take the initiative to find opportunities and evacuate quickly.
Be sure to escape in order: during the rescue at the Wenchuan earthquake site in 2008, it was found that the victims in some places were near the aisle, stairs or the door of the house. This shows that people were fleeing during the earthquake, but were buried by collapsed houses before they reached a safe place. During the earthquake, the group must escape in order, and the people in front leave time for the people behind.
Lower floors can't jump: live on the first and second floors, and don't choose to jump to escape. Jumping will not only cause fracture, but also be injured by falling heavy objects.
F. if you are in a bungalow
Indoor falling objects are the most dangerous: residents living in bungalows, such as when the earthquake occurs indoors, should immediately hide under the Kang edge, wall root, table and bed. Try to use things around you, such as quilts and pillows, to protect your head. Because of the narrow space in the bungalow, there are more things in the house than in the high place, so it is easy to cause falling injury in the earthquake.
Escape and guard against wire breakage: if you are near the door or window and there are no other dangerous buildings outside, you can escape to the open space in the middle of the yard immediately. The electric wires in the bungalow area are scattered, and the fire rate is particularly high in the earthquake, especially to prevent.
The biggest danger is the street: the road in the bungalow alley is narrow, and there are self built houses everywhere. The collapsed houses may cover the road, and the escape road is not smooth. It depends on whether you can escape at this time.
The most undesirable behavior: do not hide under the beam, do not hide by the window. Don't go back to take property after escaping.
G. if you are in school
Desk is life-saving grass: in school, if there is an earthquake, you should quickly hold your head under the command of the teacher and hide under their desks.
Orderly evacuation away from the corner of the building: after the earthquake, according to the usual escape training, orderly transfer to the outside of the classroom under the arrangement of the teacher. In the process of evacuation, stampede is most likely to happen at the corner of the stairs, and it is necessary to pass in order.
The safest Playground: when you are in the playground or outdoors, you can squat in place, protect your head with both hands, and avoid tall buildings or dangerous objects.
H. if you are in the car
Don't hide in the car: it looks strong, but it's just a thin layer, vulnerable. When there is a big earthquake, if you are driving, the car will be like a tire deflated, unable to grasp the steering wheel, difficult to drive. At this time, you should avoid the crossroads and stop by the side of the road, then immediately get off the car and squat at the side of the car.
Hold on to the handrail and lower the center of gravity: if you are sitting in the driving electric (automobile) car during the earthquake, you have to take local materials, hold on to the handrail, lower the center of gravity and hide near the seat.
I. if you are in a public place
Don't rush to the exit in panic: whether you can escape depends on whether there is a good system guarantee. After the earthquake, the public places were dark and howled in horror. Don't rush to the exit in a hurry, avoid the crowd of people and avoid being squeezed to the wall or fence.
Hide near the big column: instead of rushing and bumping, it's better to squat down or lie down under the row chair, avoid the hanging things such as chandeliers and electric fans, and protect your head. In shopping malls, bookstores, exhibition halls, subways and other places, strong counters or pillars should be selected, as well as interior corners and other places to squat down on the spot.
Keep away from the windows, doors, or glass counters. Avoid high and unstable shelves or shelves with heavy and fragile goods. Avoid billboards, chandeliers and other hanging objects.
J. if you are outdoors
Choose open land nearby: squat or lie down immediately to avoid falling down; do not run around and avoid places with many people.
Avoid tall buildings: avoid buildings, especially those with glass curtain walls; do not stay above or below overpasses and overpasses.
Avoid dangerous objects, towering objects or hanging objects: avoid billboards, streetlights, material stacking places; avoid transformers, electric poles, street lights, etc.; also pay attention to the injury caused by the overturning of vending machines.
Avoid other dangerous places: avoid narrow streets, dangerous old houses, fences, parapets, high door faces, under awning, etc., and pay attention to avoid high-voltage lines and sewers.
To protect the head: in the busy street and building area, the most dangerous thing is that the glass windows, billboards and other things fall down and hurt people. Pay attention to protect the head with hands or handbags and other things.
K. if you are by the sea
The higher, the better, the farther: on the coast, there is a risk of a tsunami. If you feel the earthquake or hear the tsunami warning, you should move away from the coastline as soon as possible, so as to avoid the tsunami attack that may be caused by the earthquake. Run high, the higher the better. If you are on a ship during a tsunami, follow the ship to the deep sea, because the more dangerous the tsunami is, the more dangerous it is. In short, either to the high, or to the distance.