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What are the most common and major diseases of children?

One of the most common major diseases in children: leukemia

Children's acute leukemia is a malignant proliferative disease of hematopoietic system, most of which are acute leukemia. It is characterized by acute onset, different degrees of fever in the early stage, and the fever lasts for a long time, and at the same time of fever, there will be skin blood points and anemia. If the number and morphology of leukocytes are abnormal, bone marrow puncture must be performed.

Two major common diseases in children: brain cancer

Childhood brain tumor is the most common tumor in childhood. Its incidence is second only to leukaemia. It is the peak of the disease at the age of 5-8 years. Its symptoms include headache, vomiting and papilledema. In addition, the increase of intracranial pressure can cause secondary optic atrophy and visual acuity decline.

Three major diseases common to children: congenital deafness

According to the data, every 30 seconds in China, a defective child is born, of which congenital hearing loss is the first. Congenital deafness means that the child cannot hear the voice after birth, which can occur on one side or both sides, with varying degrees. If it is not detected and intervened in time, it will not only cause the child to be deaf and dumb, speech retardation, but also cause the child's emotional, psychological and social interaction The development of the ability to wait for others is slow, which causes heavy burden to the family and society.

Major diseases common in children 4: malignant tumors of nasopharynx

The malignant tumor of nasopharynx is not only one of the most common malignant tumors of upper respiratory tract in adults, but also not rare in children and adolescents. Among them, the malignant tumor of children's nasopharynx accounts for about 1% of all the malignant tumors in children, accounting for 2-18% of all the malignant tumors in nasopharynx. In addition, the latent period of children's tumor is very short, but it grows rapidly and has strong invasion, which can cause serious consequences in a short time.

Major diseases in children 5: severe brain injury

In addition to the brain injury in the process of delivery, it is also caused by falls, falls, traffic accidents, etc. some direct or indirect external force can cause serious scalp injury, skull fracture and brain tissue injury in children. If ignored, it even seriously endangers the life of children.

The above is the whole content of children's common major diseases, hoping to attract the attention of all parents.