Hanyi Festival, on the first day of October of the lunar calendar every year, is also known as' October Dynasty ',' ancestor worship Festival 'and' ghost Yin Festival '. People call it ghost head day. It is a traditional sacrificial festival in China. It is said to have originated in the Zhou Dynasty. Hanyi Festival is popular in the north. Many Northerners will sweep on this day to commemorate their dead relatives, which is called sending Hanyi. When is the 2018 winter clothes Festival? What is the origin of Hanyi Festival? Let's have a look.
When is the 2018 winter clothes Festival
On November 8, however, the custom of burning paper money should be completed a few days ago, and cold clothes should be sent to each other.
The 2018 Hanyi Festival is Monday, November 8, 2018. Ding Younian [year of the chicken] the first day of October, 2018.
Hanyi Festival, on the first day of October of the lunar calendar every year, is also known as' October Dynasty ',' ancestor worship Festival 'and' ghost Yin Festival '. People call it ghost head day. It is a traditional sacrificial festival in China. It is said to have originated in the Zhou Dynasty. Hanyi Festival is popular in the north. Many Northerners will sweep on this day to commemorate their dead relatives, which is called sending Hanyi. Hanyi Festival, Qingming Festival in spring, Zhongyuan festival in autumn and Xiayuan Festival are called the four "Ghost Festivals" of the year. At the same time, this day also marks the arrival of severe winter, so it is also a day to send warm clothes for parents, lovers and other concerned people.
According to custom, it is the most appropriate day to send cold clothes to deceased relatives and friends on cold clothes day. If you can't send cold clothes on the day of cold clothes festival because of something, it's actually possible to send cold clothes a few days in advance. Just like the Spring Festival and shooting on New Year's Eve, it seems that you think more carefully, but don't spend the day of cold clothes Festival, that is, you can advance, but you can't delay! Generally, it can be 2-3 days in advance.
Origin of Hanyi Festival
Some are to commemorate the dead relatives, and others are to meet the cold winter.
Some people think that Hanyi Festival is born out of the winter etiquette in the Pre-Qin Dynasty. According to the book of rites & middot; According to the lunar calendar, October is the beginning of winter. On this day, the emperor led three gongs and nine Qings to the northern suburbs to hold a winter ceremony. After the ceremony, they returned to reward those who died for their country and comfort their wives and children. How can the dead be rewarded? Giving them 'cold clothes' should be the meaning of the title. The upper line and the lower effect, so they learned from each other.
However, this view can only stay on inference, because the record of "burning and offering dark clothes, boots, shoes, mats, hats and clothes" on the first day of October did not appear in the local records of scholars until the Song Dynasty. If the Hanyi festival was formed in the Pre-Qin Dynasty, it is difficult to make a reasonable explanation for the blank record for such a long time. Therefore, some people infer that the formation of Hanyi festival custom will not be earlier than the Song Dynasty.
Customs of Hanyi Festival
1. The first day of October is called the 'October Dynasty'. Since ancient times, there has been a custom of offering sacrifices to ancestors at the time of new harvest to show filial piety and not forget their roots. The ancients also sacrificed their ancestors with millet on the first day of October of the lunar calendar. On the first day of the tenth month of the lunar calendar, there are family sacrifices and tomb sacrifices. This is true in both the South and the north. Today, many areas in the south of the Yangtze River still have the custom of offering new graves on the first day of the tenth month.
2. The first day of October is also the first day of winter. Since then, the weather has become colder and colder. People are afraid that the souls of their ancestors in the underworld lack clothes. Therefore, in addition to general offerings such as food, candles and paper money, there is also an indispensable offering - underworld. During sacrifice, people burned the underworld to their ancestors, which is called 'sending cold clothes'.
3. There have been some changes in the custom of "burning cold clothes". Instead of burning cold clothes, people "burn baggage". People seal many dark papers in a paper bag and write the names of the recipients and senders and the corresponding titles, which is called "baggage". It has the name of cold clothes, but not the reality of cold clothes. People think that the underworld is the same as the sun. Money can buy many things.