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What are the customs in old Beijing for the new year

What are the customs in old Beijing for the new year Nowadays, people's life pressure is generally increasing, coupled with the impact of various cultures, so that the taste of the new year is getting weaker and weaker every year. Many people miss the past. Although they are not rich in material, they feel particularly rich in spirit. The following editor will take you to review how old Beijing spent the new year. With these customs, the taste of the new year is strong enough.

From the beginning of the eighth lunar month when every household wants to soak Laba vinegar (garlic), they begin to have the 'new year flavor'. Ballad: 'don't worry, old lady. It's new year after Laba. Laba porridge, how many days? Lililala 23 is also called "Xiaonian" in Beijing on December 23. From this day on, Beijingers are even more busy, such as offering sacrifices to the kitchen, sweeping the house, steaming steamed bread, buying new year goods, pasting the word "Fu", pasting New Year pictures, cutting window flowers and pasting couplets. Paste door god, paste money, has been busy living until new year's Eve, began to celebrate the new year.

Beijingers always stick "Fu" upside down on doors, wardrobes and water tanks, implying that happiness has arrived. Beijingers put up spring stickers such as "see happiness when you look up" inside the house, "see happiness when you go out" outside the house, and "see happiness when you go out" inside the courtyard.

In the past, most old people in Beijing offered Buddhist niches or statues. On New Year's Eve, the most important thing to pay attention to is to put up nine big offerings. There are honey offerings, fresh noodles with cakes and flower cakes, eight pieces of fruits, dried fruits and flower cakes, rice cakes, vegetable dumplings (or steamed food) and vegetable fried vegetables (or fried food). If the family is not well off, there should be three or five hall offerings. Beijing people talk about eating, drinking and having fun during the new year. These offerings are actually for people. The new year's Eve dinner (also known as reunion dinner) for Beijing people on New Year's Eve is indispensable and the most abundant dinner of the year. Beijing people eat dumplings on New Year's Eve and the first day of the first month of the lunar new year.

When the new year comes, the first thing to do is to set off firecrackers to exorcise evil spirits and burn incense for ancestors. Old Beijingers have the custom of keeping watch on New Year's Eve, which originated in the Jin Dynasty. There are two meanings in keeping the old age. The old age means to cherish the time when we leave the old age. Young people keep their parents' life. Therefore, those whose parents are still alive must keep the age and engage in some recreational activities.

In addition to receiving God at sunset, the whole family will have a group worship, which first appeared in the Han Dynasty as an official ceremony to worship the emperor. Group worship in old Beijing has been popular since the Qing Dynasty. The whole family should kowtow in front of the ancestral tablet, and then the younger generation should kowtow to the elder. At this time, the elder should give the younger generation lucky money. The custom of giving lucky money began in the Qing Dynasty. The purpose is to show the elder's love for the younger generation, and also to drive away evil spirits and take good luck. After the group worship, the whole family get together to eat vegetarian Jieshen dumplings, also known as Wugeng dumplings.

From the first day of junior high school to the fifth day of junior high school, Beijingers have to visit relatives and friends, pay New Year's greetings to each other, invite guests and give gifts, go to temple fairs and factories. When it comes to the fifth day of junior high school, Beijing calls it "breaking the fifth day", the common people "sending the poor" and the businessmen "opening the market" (the sixth day of junior high school is officially opened). Every household in the fifth grade of junior high school has to make dumplings, which is called "pinching a villain's mouth". It means not to make a villain's mouth in a year. It was not until January 15 that Beijing finished the Spring Festival.

The Spring Festival custom in old Beijing, as a kind of folk culture, deeply affects people's life and takes root in people's minds. It contains the warmth of family reunion, the joy and expectation of leaving the old and welcoming the new. With its unique charm, Spring Festival spreads to the world and shows the vitality of ancient civilization and ancient national culture.

Chinese New Year custom in old Beijing

On the first day of the Lunar New Year

From the beginning of the new year in old Beijing, there are many taboos. You can't sweep the floor or flush the water. You're afraid to sweep and flush out the luck of the year. Can't cut, can't steam, can't quarrel. You can't cut your head, you can't say bad luck, you can't break all kinds of things, and you can't even marry.

The most important thing on the first day of junior high school is to start new year's greetings, and all temple fairs in Beijing begin on this day. According to the custom of old Beijing, on the first day of the new year, the son-in-law should first see his father-in-law and mother-in-law. Now, it is usually the second day of the new year when the daughter and son-in-law go back to her mother's home to pay New Year's greetings. Old Beijingers attach great importance to new year's greetings. The host should prepare a food box with various kinds of dried fruits, which is called 'auspicious fruit'. No matter how many people come to celebrate the new year, the food box must be full to show respect and blessing to the guests.

Chinese New Year custom in old Beijing

Worship God of wealth and borrow Yuan Bao

In the morning of the second day of junior high school, I have to get up before dawn and cook wonton, because wonton looks like Yuanbao.

The second day of junior high school is the day for old Beijing people to worship the God of wealth. Merchants generally worship Guan Gong, the God of wealth. The common people's family worships bican. Because the common people think that bican has no heart, must have no selfishness, and can handle affairs fairly.

In the past, in the early morning of the second day of junior high school, people in the capital, rich or poor, would rush to the Wuxian God of wealth temple outside the gate of Guang'an. Some are driving cars, some are driving carriages, some are riding rickshaws. It's very busy. Old Beijingers go to the temple to borrow 'Yuanbao' in order to have a smooth new year.

Another thing we should pay attention to when we borrow Yuanbao from the temple is that we have to return the borrowed Yuanbao next year, which is much more than the borrowed one. On this day, businesses in Beijing will hold activities to reward the God of wealth in their stores, usually singing in a hall.

Chinese New Year custom in old Beijing

The day when the mouse got married

There's a saying in old Beijing, but it's not very popular. It's common to move from the south to the north, and it's also common for families who move from the countryside to the city.

It is said that the evening of the third day of junior high school is the day when the mice get married. All Beijingers go to bed early, turn out the lights and hide their shoes in case the mice are taken away. Some put some rice in the Kang hole, ceiling and other places. If on this day, the children living in bungalows hear mice running around on the ceiling, the old lady will say that the mice are going to get married.

Chinese New Year custom in old Beijing

Visiting relatives at Temple Fair

Visiting temple fairs starts from the first day of junior high school. Old Beijingers visit temple fairs after paying respects to their relatives.

In the past, there were many temple fairs in Beijing, but now the more authentic ones are baiyun temple and Dongyue Temple. Ride a donkey to baiyun temple, hit money eye, touch monkey. Go to Dongyue Temple, take the road of blessing, hang the card of blessing and walk around the tree of blessing. Temple fair is an entertainment place for old Beijing people.

Chinese New Year custom in old Beijing

Man, I'm afraid the boss will get steamed stuffed buns

The fifth day of junior high school is called the fifth day of breaking, that is, breaking taboos. Those taboos mentioned in the first day of junior high school can be broken.

The man in the shop is most afraid of this day's dinner, because if the boss gives the man a steamed bun for this day's dinner, it means that the man will go home after the meal.

Chinese New Year custom in old Beijing

Buy a lamp bowl and wait for Shun Xing

Businesses began to make a kind of muddy light bowls on the sixth day of the lunar new year, because it is said that the eighth day of the Lunar New Year is the day when the stars go down. Everyone has a star who can protect himself. Ordinary people will buy small light bowls and go home. In the evening of the eighth day of the lunar new year, a "Shun Xing" ceremony will be held to pray for the success of the new year.