After the old people reach a certain age, the body's function will appear serious maladjustment, not only the brain, but also a lot of body's endocrine. At this time, the old people will appear serious unhealthy condition. What's the senile disease of the old people?
1. Urinary incontinence
Urinary incontinence can seriously affect the quality of the elderly, normal social, leading to anxiety, depression and other problems; frequent urine in the body may also bring skin inflammation or bedsore and other problems. According to statistics, the incidence of urinary incontinence is about 18.9% in men and 37.7% in women. However, due to the fact that the elderly prefer face, they are ashamed to talk about it, which leads to a very low rate of medical treatment, and the treatment is often delayed.
Experts stressed that urinary incontinence is not difficult to talk about, need to be found early, early treatment. Once the disease symptoms appear, you can wear adult diapers at ordinary times; drink a small amount of water for many times, and go to the toilet immediately if you feel like urinating; you'd better drink less water before you go to bed; consciously carry out anal lifting exercise, and exercise bladder muscles. If you accidentally pee on your clothes or bedding, you must change it in time.
According to the economist, about two-thirds of dementia in China is Alzheimer's disease, which is three times as high as in 1990. By 2050, the number of people suffering from dementia may quadruple. The onset of dementia is closely related to age, but it is not a natural phenomenon caused by aging, sometimes even fatal. It is generally believed that in the elderly aged 65-85, the number of patients will be doubled for each 5-year-old increase. Experts believe that about 90% of dementia patients in China have not been found.
The most destructive power of dementia is to damage cognitive function, especially memory. At the beginning, it is "forgetting the near things", and the things that have just been done and said will be forgotten in a flash; along with the progress of the course of the disease, the long-term things will also be forgotten; at the end, I don't know my family members, go out and find no home, and don't know how to avoid danger. Although Alzheimer's disease can not be cured, early detection and correct medication can reduce symptoms and delay the course of disease. According to the latest research of brain rehabilitation center of Johns Hopkins University, 84% of patients with mild dementia can be relieved through brain program, including meditation practice, cognitive behavior therapy, Mediterranean diet (including omega-3 fatty acid supplement), moderate exercise, reasonable decompression and good habits. 3. Chronic pain
Research shows that the incidence of chronic pain in elderly patients is 25% - 50%, among which 45% - 80% of patients with obvious pain need long-term treatment and nursing. Pain brings intolerable suffering and seriously affects the quality of life of the elderly. If the chronic pain lasts for more than one month, it may lead to dysfunction of the body, decreased immunity, autonomic nervous disorders, etc. However, because many old people don't understand the late effects of chronic pain, they often just take some painkillers to solve it.
The most common pain of the elderly is the following: neck shoulder, waist and leg pain, the incidence rate of 60%~70% is over 65 years old, and neuropathic pain, including trigeminal neuralgia, sciatica, painful diabetic peripheral neuropathy. When the pain time reaches 1 month, we should go to the hospital for treatment and receive professional treatment. When doctors ask for advice, they need to tell them how long the pain has been, what kind of pain method (such as acupuncture, knife cutting, tearing, burning, numbness and swelling), what conditions will aggravate or relieve it, and whether there are dizziness, nausea and other discomfort.
According to the third national health and nutrition survey of the United States, the incidence of anemia in men over 65 years old is 11% and that in women is 10%. Statistics in China indicate that the incidence of senile anemia has reached 17%. Anemia leads to the decline of the elderly's ability, cognitive function and quality of life, and the increase of hospitalization rate and mortality. However, because the mild symptoms are not obvious, they are often ignored by the elderly.
Anemia is not an independent disease, especially secondary anemia in the elderly. Chronic gastritis, peptic ulcer, tumor, nephropathy and chronic infection may be the main causes. Data show that 75% of cervical cancer, 55% of lung cancer and 44% of colon cancer are accompanied with anemia. When the elderly appear asthenia, panic, heartbeat and other manifestations, you can check the blood routine in the hospital to see if there is anemia. In case of anemia, it is necessary to check whether there are other diseases first; if it is purely nutritional, it will be effective in one month after standard iron supplement treatment. The diet should be rich in high-quality protein, vitamin C and iron. The foods rich in iron include animal viscera, kelp, laver, spinach, celery, etc.; some sour food, such as tomatoes, dates, cucumbers, etc., should also be eaten to promote iron absorption.
Dry mouth, dry eyes and dry skin are common discomfort symptoms of the elderly, but not all of them are caused by normal aging. In the elderly, the lacrimal gland, salivary gland and sebaceous gland are gradually atrophied, and the secretion of tear, saliva and sebum is reduced, which may cause various dry problems. However, in addition to the above physiological changes, there is also an autoimmune disease called "dry syndrome", which may also cause dry mouth and eye, and damage the blood system, respiratory system and kidney. The prevalence of the disease is 3% - 4% in the elderly, and it is relatively common in women.
Once the elderly have dry symptoms, whether it is caused by "dry syndrome" or not, they should increase the amount of drinking water, and the diet should not be too salty; eat more hawthorn, apricot, kiwifruit and other sour fruits to stimulate saliva secretion; do not watch TV or mobile phone for a long time, often do eye exercises; often apply hand cream and milk. If the mitigation effect of the above measures is limited, it is recommended to visit the rheumatology and Immunology Department of the hospital in time.
There are many diseases of the elderly, so children should pay more attention to the body of the elderly in their life, regularly give more physical examination to the elderly, pay attention to the physical condition of the elderly from time to time, so that many diseases can be prevented in advance, and treat the diseases of the elderly with patience, not impatience.