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An inventory of the top ten landmark buildings in the United States

1. White House

The White House is the official residence and office of the president of the United States. The White House, owned by the National Park Service, is part of the presidential park. The picture on the back of the 20 dollar bill is the White House.

The White House is a white neoclassical sandstone building at 1600 Pennsylvania Avenue, northwest of Washington, D.C. Because the White House is the place where the president of the United States lives and works, the term "White House" often refers to the United States government. The base site of the White House was chosen by George Washington, the first president of the United States. It was built in 1792 and was basically completed in 1800. The designer is James hoben, a famous Irish American architect. But it was not called the White House at that time. The White House was officially named by President Theodore Roosevelt in 1902.

2. Empire State Building

The Empire State Building in New York was built in March 1930. It was the lightest building used at that time. It was built during the western economic crisis and became a symbol of the economic recovery of the United States. It is still the symbol of New York forever with the statue of liberty. It was once the tallest building in the world and the landmark of New York City. After the collapse of the world trade center on 9 / 11, he continued to take over the title of the first building in New York until the freedom tower was completed.

3. Statue of Liberty

The statue of liberty, also known as liberty illuminating the world, is the 100th anniversary gift of France to the United States in 1876. The statue of liberty in the United States is located near the Hudson estuary in New York City, New York, USA. It is an important scenic spot on the American Freedom Island where the statue is located. The goddess holds the torch of freedom in her right hand, the declaration of independence on July 4, 1776 in her left hand, and broken handcuffs, shackles and chains under her feet. She symbolized freedom and freedom from tyranny. She was completed and unveiled on October 28, 1886. The internal structure of the statue was designed by Gustav Eiffel, who later built the Eiffel Tower in Paris. The statue of liberty is 46 meters high, 93 meters high with a base, and weighs 225 tons. It is made of metal and placed on a concrete platform. The pedestal of the statue of Liberty was built by the famous Joseph Pulitzer for $100000. The pedestal is a museum of American immigration history. In 1984, the statue of Liberty was listed as a world cultural heritage.

4. Parliament building

Located on Capitol Hill, 25 meters high in Washington, the Capitol building is the heart of the United States. Built between 1793 and 1800, the Capitol, like many important buildings in Washington, was not spared the damage caused by the Anglo American war in 1814.

After the post-war reconstruction, the Capitol has been expanded many times in the past century, including the massive reconstruction projects from 1851 to 1867, which finally formed today's pattern. The Capitol is a 233 meter long three story building with white marble as the main material. A three story dome with high visibility is built on the central top floor. A 6-meter-high bronze statue of liberty is erected on the dome. The north and South wings on both sides of the dome are the offices of the house of Representatives and the Senate. The chamber of the house of Representatives is where the president of the United States delivers his annual state of the Union address. It imitates the pantheon in Paris and tries its best to show magnificence and emphasizes commemoration. It is a representative work of classical Renaissance style architecture. The lawn on the east side of the Capitol is where presidents have been inaugurated.

5. Presidential Hill

Mount Rushmore National Memorial, commonly known as the U.S. president's mountain and U.S. presidential Park, is a United States presidential Memorial Park located near kiston, South Dakota. In the park, there are four portraits of the former president of the United States, which are 60 feet high. From left to right, they are George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Theodore Roosevelt and Abraham Lincoln. These four presidents are believed to represent the 150 year history of the United States. The park covers 1278 acres, with the highest elevation of 5725 feet. The park is managed by the National Park Service, a branch of the U.S. Department of the interior, and attracts about two million tourists a year.

6. Monument to independence

It is the first landmark of Washington city, the center of the National Lawn of the United States. On American Independence Day in 1848, the president of the United States laid the foundation stone for the Washington Monument with the trowel used by Washington in the foundation laying ceremony of the Capitol. In order to break the ground for this project, the organization called "National Monument preparation Association" has been raising funds nationwide for 15 years. By the time of the civil war in 1854, the monument that had been suspended due to the war had reached about 50 meters. In 1885, the building of the monument began in 1875 and was completed in Washington. About 50 meters above the Washington Monument, the white marble color is slightly darker than the lower part, which is the mark of the construction process which is separated by 22 years.

The Washington Monument is a stone obelisk, the top of the high cube stele column is a triangular spire on all sides. The inner wall of the Washington Monument is hollow. There are 193 stone tablets from various countries, states and cities in the United States, major organizations and celebrities, including the stone tablet in classical Chinese from Ningbo Government of Qing Dynasty. The inscription on the stele is taken from the biography of Ying Huan written by Xu Jiyu, governor of Fujian Province.

7. Pentagon

The office building of the U.S. Department of defense, located in the suburb of Washington, is named for its pentagon shape. It is the largest single administrative building in the world. The Pentagon is located in Arlington, on the Potomac River, southwest of Washington, D.C., and is the headquarters of the United States Department of defense, the highest military command of the United States.

The Pentagon was founded in August 1941. In early 1941, Hitler controlled most of the European continent, and Roosevelt, then president of the United States, declared a state of emergency. The rapidly growing U.S. Department of the Army (which existed between 1789 and 1947) needed a new command base, and construction of the Pentagon began.

The Pentagon is the largest single office building in the world, with a total floor area of 6.5 million square feet (604000 square meters), of which 3.7 million square feet (344000 square meters) are office space. There are about 23000 military and civilian personnel working in the Pentagon, as well as about 3000 non defense volunteers serving at the Pentagon. The Pentagon has five facades. The building is divided into five floors (including two underground floors). Each floor has five circular corridors from the inside to the outside, with a total length of 17.5 miles (28.2 kilometers).

8. Times Square

New York Times Square, a block of Manhattan in New York City, is famous for its annual "ball drop" activities. Times Square in New York, formerly known as "Longacre square", is also known as "the crossroads of the world". Times Square, named after the headquarters building set up by the New York Times in the early days, is a block of Manhattan in New York City, the center of which is located at the intersection of West 42nd Street and Broadway Avenue, east-west to Sixth Avenue and Ninth Avenue, and north-south to West 39th street and West 52th Street, forming the west of midtown business district in Manhattan. This is the most densely populated area of New York theater. In 1920, the Times Square began to be colorful. With the times square building as the center, nearly 40 shopping malls and theatres gathered nearby. It is a prosperous entertainment and shopping center.

9. Jinmen Bridge

Jinmen bridge is one of the world famous bridges and a miracle of modern bridge engineering. It took four years and more than 100000 tons of steel to build. It cost 35.5 million US dollars to build it. It was designed by Strauss. Golden Gate Bridge is one of the world's famous bridges, known as a miracle of modern bridge engineering, and also considered as the symbol of San Francisco.

The designer of the Golden Gate Bridge is Strauss, whose bronze statue is placed on the bridge to commemorate his contribution to the United States. The bridge stands on the Golden Gate Strait, which is more than 1900 meters wide in California. The Golden Gate Strait is the entrance of San Francisco Bay. The two sides are steep and the channel is deep. It was discovered by British explorer Francis Drake in 1579 and named by him.

The Golden Gate Bridge connects Northern California in the north and San Francisco Peninsula in the south. When the ship sailed into San Francisco and looked up from the deck, the first thing to see was the huge steel tower of the bridge. The steel tower is 342 meters high on both sides of the bridge, which is equal to 227 meters high above the water. The construction of Jinmen bridge was started in 1933 and completed in May 1937. It took four years and more than 100000 tons of steel and cost 35.5 million US dollars. The whole bridge is magnificent and simple. The bridge is vermilion, lying on the blue sea and white waves. The lights are first put on like a giant dragon in the sky, which makes the night sky scenery of San Francisco more magnificent.

10. Independence Hall

Independence Hall is a George style red brick building located in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Built between 1732 and 1753, it was designed by Edmund Woolley and Andrew Hamilton, and was built by Woolley. The highest part of the building is 41m (135ft) above the ground. The building was initially approved by the Pennsylvania colonial legislature to serve as a forum for the State Council of the Pennsylvania colonial authorities. The other two small buildings are adjacent to the independent Memorial Hall: the old city hall on the east side and the congress hall on the west side. On July 4, 1776, representatives from the 13 North American States under the British colony signed the declaration of American independence written by Thomas Jefferson. In 1787, the constitution of the United States was also made here. Between 1790 and 1800, when Philadelphia was the capital of the United States, the building was the seat of the United States Congress.

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