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The past and present life of the ten parks in Shanghai

Sun Yat Sen Park: a combination of British, Japanese and Chinese Gardens

Zhongshan Park was formerly a private garden villa. In 1860, it was built by Hogg, an Englishman who founded Zhaofeng foreign company and real estate company in Shanghai. In 1913, the park and nearby land were acquired as public places of entertainment, known as "Zhaofeng Park" and jisfield park. The earliest style of Zhongshan Park was British style garden, such as big lawn, while "East rockery" had Japanese garden style, because "it was occupied by Japanese".

At present, Zhongshan Park is an important place for citizens to keep fit, and for tourists to have leisure and entertainment. Twelve scenes in history and four landscape sketches including Tongding, Tongzhong, Sixiang and outdoor music station have been restored.

Huangpu Park: the first park in China

On August 8, 1868, the British who colonized Shanghai at that time built a European style garden on the beach at the intersection of Wusong River and Huangpu River. It had large lawn and Avenue, and was named "public park", which was translated into "public garden", "public garden" or "foreign Garden" in Chinese. This is the first "Park" on the beach of Shanghai. Originally, it was only for foreigners in the surrounding banks to take a walk and have a rest at noon. There are also benches on the river facing the river. Its infamous rule that Chinese (except for Western servants) and dogs were not allowed to enter, which blatantly declared the discrimination against Chinese in the park at that time. After more than 100 years of reconstruction, Huangpu Park has been integrated with the new Bund. Facing Huangpu River in the East and Suzhou River in the north, we can't see the appearance of the garden at that time.

Renaissance Park: a French model

Fuxing Park is a typical French Park in Shanghai, located in the former French concession. It is here that many people first knew Marx and Engels, and it is also here that many people sit on the carousel for the first time. Fuxing Park is one of the earliest parks in Shanghai. It is known as "Gu Jia Zhai Park", also known as "French Park". Its main style is characterized by strong French features. The geographical location is extremely superior, and the European style sculptures and carved benches are scattered among them It's a good place to take a walk and take photos. There are new attractions and Huaihailu Road around the park. After visiting the park, you can go to shopping.

Xiangyang Park: the resting place of Huaihai Road

From the other end of Huaihai Road, people who come all the way to see Xiangyang Park always feel a sigh of relief - eating fresh meat moon cakes and holding milk tea. Walking here, sitting on a bench under the parasol Wutong, Xiangyang park is really "timely rain". Older children will also be brought to sketch by their parents - the five iconic domes of the cathedral on the road behind the fountain, which have appeared in numerous sketching works. Xiangyang Park was built by the public Council in 1941 and opened to the public in 1942. It was named "lanvina Park", "dumei Park", "Taishan Park" and "Linsen Park". It was not until 1950 that Xiangyang Park was designated as "Xiangyang Park" and is still in use today. Recently, it is said that Xiangyang park will be renovated in a large area to improve the connotation and quality of the park. On the prosperous Huaihai Road, it is still expected.

Lu Xun Park: the first sports park in China

Lu Xun Park, formerly known as Hongkou Park, was the first sports park in China. There have been two large-scale national games held here. Since the Japanese occupation of the public concession, the park's sports activities gradually reduced. In 1956, Lu Xun's tomb was moved and buried here in Wanguo cemetery. In 1988, it was officially renamed Lu Xun Park. There are mountains, water and waterfalls in the park, and the scenery is beautiful. On the whole, it retains the characteristics of the British landscape garden. Lu Xun Park is also the first place in Shanghai to use sand to filter water.

People's Park: a spontaneous additional function

On September 7, 1950, Chen Yi, the first mayor of Shanghai after liberation, announced on behalf of the municipal government that the southern half of the horse racing hall would be built into people's Square, and the northern half would be transformed into people's Park, and he personally named the park. Open the map of Shanghai, people's Park is almost in the center. It is not only a place for leisure and greening, but also known as "English corner" in early years and "blind date corner" in recent years. Young people love modern art galleries and restaurants in the park.

Guilin Park: the most classical

Different from the noise of Zhongshan Park, Guilin park has many tourists, but the overall atmosphere is lazy and comfortable. This "classical Park", formerly the private villa of Shanghai gangster Huang Jinrong, also known as Huangjia garden, originally planted 600 osmanthus trees alone. After several wars, the private garden was turned into a park after liberation. On that day, there were inscriptions by Chiang Kai Shek and four teaching halls imitating the emperor's hall, which are still visible today. As soon as you enter the garden gate, the long dragon wall passage also reminds people of Huang Jinrong's "unfathomable inner world".

Shaoxing Park: Mini Peach Blossom Garden

If there is a "Shanghai's smallest Park" rating, Shaoxing park will certainly enter the top three, and the public green space in many districts in Shanghai may be three points larger than it. But for Shaoxing Road, such a pocket park is indispensable. Although it is small, it has five internal organs: rockeries, pavilions, ponds, gardens and stray cats. It keeps a lot of the feeling of old park and complements Shaoxing Road with strong cultural atmosphere. Shaoxing Park was built and opened in 1951. It was used as a children's Park for a long time. Therefore, many "Post-70s and 80s" recall Shaoxing Park, and the slide and seesaw immediately come to mind.

Guangqi Park: a combination of Chinese and Western culture

Guangqi park is located in Xujiahui. Xu Guangqi, an outstanding scientist in the Ming Dynasty, was born here, and the Xu family thrived here. It was established as Nandan Park in 1978, and later renamed Guangqi park to commemorate the 350th anniversary of Xu Guangqi's death. The park is not big, and visitors don't know all about the past. There are often children who are naughty and chase and fight on the huge tomb hill. "Don't be crazy. This is Xu Guangqi's tomb!" he said ——The effect is better than any beating and scolding. The children immediately obediently come down and listen to their parents tell about Xu Guangqi. Many people begin to understand history in this way.

Nanyuan Park: alone in the river

There is no Fuxing Park with a long history, no famous Taipingqiao, no continuous flow of Huaihai Park, and even many people have never heard of "Nanyuan Park". According to historical records, this place was the former site of Quanzhang guild hall in Minnan, known as Nanyuan. It had run a middle school, held a Party Congress and built a farm. It was not until 1957 that it was linked to the park.

Today's view of the South Garden is another scene. Originally, it was the wharf of the environmental sanitation station, but now it is all a park walk. Many first-time visitors will wonder, "there is such a park here!" The South Garden after reconstruction and expansion is a comprehensive park. Overlooking along the river, the scenery is boundless.

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