Twelve rolls of thick stripes, compact arrangement of leaves, fresh and elegant, delicate and beautiful shape, small and exquisite, white stripes on dark green leaves contrast strongly. Very shade resistant, is the ideal indoor small potted flowers, in the breeding industry is extremely popular. So how to breed twelve rolls of stripes? What matters should we pay attention to? Please read down with me with your questions!
Breeding method of striped 12 rolls striped 12 rolls (basic knowledge): the best breeding time: striped 12 rolls is the most suitable from April to May every year. The young plants beside the mother plant can be directly cut off and planted in another pot after a little air.
The best growing soil: the requirements for soil are not strict, the fertile and loose sandy loam soil is suitable, the shallow planting is better, and the fertile and well drained rotten leaf soil mixed with coarse sand is used for cultivation.
Growth humidity requirements: I like dry air environment, rainy days last too long, susceptible to pathogens. Afraid of rain, keep the leaves dry at night. The optimum relative humidity is 40-60%.
The best growth temperature: the best growth temperature of twelve stripes is 15 ℃～ 32 ℃. It is afraid of high temperature and sultry, and it will go into dormancy when the temperature is above 33 ℃ in summer. Avoid cold frost, overwintering temperature needs to be kept above 10 ℃, in winter when the temperature drops below 7 ℃, it will also enter the dormant state, if the ambient temperature is close to 4 ℃, it will die due to frostbite.
The best growth light: stripe 12 roll in summer on the half shade maintenance, or give it 50% shade, leaf color will be more beautiful. In spring and autumn, because the temperature is not very high, we should give it direct sunlight to facilitate its photosynthesis and accumulate nutrients. In winter, it should be kept indoors where there is bright light.
The cultivation method of 12 rolls of striped rice the points for attention of 12 rolls of striped rice: applying fertilizer: the application of N, P, K fertilizer or increasing the proportion of N fertilizer to 12 rolls of striped rice every January to February can make the leaves grow healthily.
Watering points: the growth period of twelve rolls of stripes should be watered appropriately according to the seasonal changes, and the basin soil should be dry and wet, and it should be watered after the basin soil is dry; twelve rolls of stripes are not resistant to high temperature, need shade in summer, and keep good ventilation. When the temperature exceeds 30 ℃, the plant will gradually enter dormancy, and watering should be strictly controlled, and the basin soil should not be dry; if the basin soil is too wet, it is very easy to cause root rot
Basin soil replacement: strip 12 rolls, soak the small plants in chlorothalonil 1500 times solution for five minutes, then take out and cool to dry, then put them in the basin. You can also use chlorothalonil to irrigate the root immediately after the pot.
Key points of propagation: the twelve rolls of stripes are propagated by ramets and cuttings.
It can be carried out all year round. When the pots are changed from April to may, the young plants around the mother plant are peeled off and directly cut into pots.
Cutting should be carried out from May to June. The fleshy leaves with a little semi lignified part should be cut off and inserted in clean river sand matrix. Rooting can take place in about 20-25 days. When the root length is 2-3cm, transplanting in culture soil is the best. In the indoor environment, it can be carried out throughout the year, but the most suitable time is from April to May every year. The young plants beside the mother plant can be cut off directly and planted in another pot after a little air.
The best time: the best time is in early spring (February, March) after the soil thawing.
Method of Plant Division: take out the mother plant from the flowerpot, shake off the surplus soil, separate the root system as far as possible, cut it into two or more plants with a sharp knife, each plant should have a corresponding root system, and trim its leaves properly, so as to survive.
Disease and insect control: the main diseases of stripe 12 roll are root rot and brown spot. Generally speaking, root rot is caused by improper watering and fertilization, which can be prevented through reasonable management. In addition, when the root system rots, clean up the rotten root in time, disinfect it with 500 times potassium permanganate solution, and then put it in a cool place to dry for 2-3 days, and then re cultivate it. It is necessary to spray zineb and carbendazim to control brown spot.
It has strong drought resistance and can grow in the arid environment, but it does not mean that it will not be watered or fertilized; its root system is afraid of water stains. If there is water in the flowerpot, or if it is watered or fertilized too frequently, it is easy to cause rotten roots. The principle of watering and fertilizing is "between dry and wet, dry to dry, do not dry, do not water, water thoroughly"
2. In winter dormancy period, the main task is to control fertilizer and water. The management of fertilizer and water is the same as that in spring and autumn. The interval period is about 7-10 days. The interval period is shorter in sunny days or high temperature, and longer or no irrigation in rainy days or low temperature. Watering time should be arranged in sunny day with high temperature at noon.