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What disease causes tinnitus

What disease causes tinnitus

1. Poor function of the eustachian tube: including sinusitis, allergic rhinitis or hypertrophy of the nasopharynx adenoid body, which causes the opening of the eustachian tube to be blocked, resulting in the imbalance between the middle ear and the outside world. Of course, the air pressure changes too fast by flying or going up and down the mountain, and the eustachian tube does not have time to balance, and the internal and external pressure difference may cause tinnitus and earplug.

2. Nasopharyngeal carcinoma: the common problem is that it can cause obstruction of the eustachian tube, and then cause unilateral hydrocephalus, tinnitus and ear tightness, so we have to pay attention to it.

3. Noise damage: This includes short-term high-energy noise and long-term high decibel noise that damages the inner ear, resulting in high-frequency tinnitus. Going to disco, pub, KTV or shooting range is the former, while workers working in airports and factories for a long time belong to the latter.

4. Acoustic neuroma: this kind of patient will come to see a doctor because of unilateral tinnitus. Hearing examination may show bilateral asymmetric sensorineural hearing impairment. Sometimes, facial nerve will be severely compressed, resulting in facial nerve paralysis. As an otolaryngologist, we should be alert to this disease and avoid misdiagnosis.

5. Drug ototoxicity: for example, some antibiotics such as streptomycin, aspirin and quinine can cause tinnitus, hearing impairment and vertigo in young people.

6. Hyperlipidemia, hypertension, diabetes, etc. may cause obstruction of the vessels innervating the cochlea in the inner ear and cochlea, resulting in tinnitus and earplug discomfort in young people.