How do children protect their teeth in winter? Whether from the external or internal point of view, teeth are very important to us, so we must protect the health of teeth. Now teach you 11 ways to protect your teeth!
1. Teach children to brush their teeth in three stages:
Stage 1: when the baby starts to grow his first tooth, that is, he has to brush his teeth from about six months.
Of course, the toothbrush mentioned here does not use a toothbrush, but parents wrap their index fingers with clean gauze and dip clean water to help the baby clean the mouth and wash away the attachments on the teeth and gums. This oral care method generally lasts for children two and a half years old. At this time, all baby teeth in the mouth sprout.
The second stage: starting from the age of two and a half, parents should choose the toothbrush for children in this age group, stand behind children twice a day in the morning and evening, and teach children to master the correct brushing method (brushing method). Because children in this period have a certain ability of understanding and expression. As long as parents give guidance and patient guidance from shallow to deep, it is not difficult for children to master the correct method of brushing their teeth.
The third stage: from the age of three, children have been trained for half a year and should be able to brush their teeth independently. But at this time, children are still very naughty and lack of initiative and consciousness. Parents usually have to play a supervisory and guiding role to make children develop good oral hygiene habits, so as to make children have a pair of healthy and beautiful teeth.
2. Appearance standard of high-quality toothbrush:
Overall appearance of high-quality toothbrush: the brush head is short and narrow, the brush handle is flat and straight, and the brush surface is flat and flush. No matter how cheap the plate-shaped big head toothbrush is, some plate-shaped toothbrushes on the market, that is, those with large and wide brush heads, full and dense bristles and small hair bundle spacing, are generally cheaper. Using such brushing method is bound to cause certain damage to teeth and gums, such as wedge-shaped defect of teeth, gingival atrophy, root exposure, widening of tooth space, etc. In addition, because the plate toothbrush has a large head and can not brush the rear teeth, over time, the food residue left in the back of the mouth will ferment and decay under the action of bacteria, and then damage the teeth. Because the damage of teeth is a slow process and can not be seen immediately, some people also think that the big head toothbrush is easy to use and save time, but they don't know the damage caused by a long time.
3. Measure of good toothpaste:
First, the consistency should be appropriate and extruded into strips from the hose, which can cover the teeth without splashing. Second, the friction force is moderate, which should have a good tooth cleaning effect without damaging the enamel. Third, the paste is stable. During the storage period, the paste will not be discharged and hardened, and the pH is stable. Fourth, the drug toothpaste should maintain the efficacy within the validity period. Fifth, the paste should be smooth and beautiful without bubbles. Six, there are proper bubbles in the process of brushing, so that the food debris can be easily suspended. Seventh, the flavor and taste should be appropriate. Children's correct brushing methods
4. Requirements for toothbrush bristles:
Good surface finish; The thickness is moderate. If it is thin, it is easy to deform. If it is thick, it is easy to damage teeth and gums, and the elasticity is not good; The grinding surface of the head is smooth.
5. You must master the correct brushing method:
We should not only develop good brushing habits, but also pay attention to the methods of brushing our teeth. If the brushing method is wrong, it can also cause disadvantages. The most common damage is tooth wear and gingival atrophy. Whether people can master the method of brushing their teeth well depends largely on the flexibility of their hands. Although everyone can brush their teeth skillfully or clumsily, as long as they are fully induced, most people can effectively use a toothbrush to clean their mouth. Children are slow and impatient and can't cope with complex brushing skills. They should be taught to use relatively simple brushing methods. For the disabled, a toothbrush with a modified handle design may be required to facilitate grasping, or an electric toothbrush may be used.
6. How to check the effect of tooth brushing:
From the perspective of prevention, plaque removal is the focus of oral health. Because dental plaque is one of the common factors of dental caries and periodontal diseases, if dental plaque is removed, the prevention of dental caries and periodontal diseases will be solved; At the same time, it also makes dental calculi lose the foundation on which they form.
The standard to check the brushing effect is to see whether the dental plaque has been completely removed.
7. Scraping tongue coating when brushing teeth to prevent gastritis:
According to statistics at home and abroad, the infection rate of Helicobacter pylori in the population is about 50%. This microorganism is the pathogenic factor of chronic gastritis and peptic ulcer, and tends to infect each other in a family. People with chronic gastritis should pay more attention to oral hygiene. Scraping the tongue coating when brushing their teeth every morning is good for people and themselves. When is the best time to brush your teeth?
8. You'd better change your toothbrush after catching a cold:
Some people suffer from cold or upper respiratory tract infection, which is still continuous after treatment. In addition to the poor individual resistance, it may also be related to the toothbrush they use. If you don't change your toothbrush, colds are less likely to recover or more likely to recur. Therefore, the toothbrush should be placed in a ventilated and dry place. If you have a cold, it is best to soak the toothbrush in disinfectant or replace it with a new toothbrush. In addition, it is better for family members not to put more toothbrushes together, but to place more dental bowls, which is more conducive to the prevention and control of infectious diseases.
9. Ten minutes after meal is the prime time to brush your teeth:
Generally speaking, 10 minutes after eating food is the key period of dental health care, because at this time, the pH value in the mouth drops from 6.8 to 4.5, and the acidity reaches the peak. At this time, if the teeth are not cleaned immediately, these acidic substances will erode the enamel on the tooth surface, form decalcification and cause tooth decay.
10. Improper brushing is prone to dental fluorosis:
Although fluoride toothpaste can effectively prevent dental caries, it also has side effects. If it is not used properly, it is easy to cause dental fluorosis. The boundary between the anti caries effect and toxicity of fluoride is very small. Excessive intake of fluoride will produce some spots on the teeth, which is dental fluorosis. In severe cases, it can make the teeth yellow, rough surface and easy to be damaged. Many Chinese and foreign scholars have found through scientific research that while dental caries is decreasing, the number of children suffering from dental fluorosis is increasing. The reason is that for children whose swallowing control ability is not perfect, swallowing fluoride toothpaste by mistake will increase the intake of fluoride, and excessive fluoride is easy to lead to dental fluorosis. Therefore, we should have a correct understanding of the use of fluoride toothpaste and master the correct methods.
11. Strengthen dental care:
Traditional medicine advocates that tapping teeth in the morning and evening and massaging gums are the most effective methods. After getting up or going to bed every morning, gently tap your upper and lower teeth for dozens of times, which can promote the blood circulation of tooth body and periodontal tissue. At the same time, when washing your face, rotate your index finger up and down to massage the gums to eliminate the secretion of gingival sulcus and periodontal pocket, which can improve the blood circulation in the gums and improve the resistance of periodontal tissue, So as to prevent periodontal disease. At the same time, we should get rid of bad living habits. Quit smoking and drinking, do not eat hot and spicy food, remove residual crowns and roots, grind sharp tooth tips, and remove bad restorations to avoid chronic adverse stimulation. The key to oral health care lies in everyone's own hands, care and health. May healthy teeth accompany you all your life.