How to treat diabetes patients with hypertension? Because diabetes is a very serious chronic disease, diabetes can also cause various complications, so the treatment of hypertension and hypertension complications is very important. Now let's understand how to treat diabetes patients with hypertension.
Due to the disorder of glucose metabolism, it can accelerate renal artery and systemic arteriosclerosis, increase peripheral resistance and increase blood pressure. Hyperglycemia can increase blood volume, kidney overload, * sodium retention, which can eventually lead to elevated blood pressure.
The increase of blood pressure is related to cardiac output and peripheral resistance. The increase of cardiac output without peripheral changes can lead to the increase of blood pressure; the increase of peripheral resistance without changes of cardiac output or blood volume can also lead to the increase of blood pressure, while the patients with diabetes have both of these changes, so it will make the blood pressure rise rapidly and cause serious complications.
On the other hand, hypertension can aggravate the damage caused by diabetes, including its impact on small blood vessels and kidneys, forming a vicious circle. In order to break this vicious circle, we must actively control diabetes, try to improve the sensitivity of body tissue to insulin, and at the same time, we should effectively control blood pressure to reach the normal range, but we should avoid the use of hypoglycemic drugs that affect insulin metabolism Pressure drugs, such as diuretic hydrochlorothiazide, etc. In addition, proper exercise and weight loss are also very important measures to prevent hypertension and diabetes. On the one hand, it can improve the sensitivity of body tissue to insulin and reduce the dosage of insulin and other hypoglycemic drugs; on the other hand, it has obvious antihypertensive effect on mild and moderate hypertension. Therefore, non drug treatment such as proper exercise and weight control should be insisted on for patients with diabetes mellitus and hypertension.
After reading the above content, we should have some understanding of how to treat diabetes patients with hypertension. Today we will introduce more topics about hypertension treatment and health care. Sihai Xiaobian will continue to introduce them in the following articles. Welcome to check. I wish you good health!