1. Wash your hands often. American medical researchers conducted a study of 40 thousand recruits, who had 5 times a day washing. The results showed that the incidence rate of respiratory diseases among these recruits dropped by 45%.
2. Wash your hands twice a time. Columbia University researchers studied the bacteria on volunteers' hands and found that using antibacterial soap to wash your hands once had little effect. If you really want to avoid the flu, it's best to wash your hands twice a time.
3. Pay attention to hand cleaning in public toilets. The study found that a high percentage of people don't wash their hands after using the bathroom, and each person touches the handle of the door and walks out. After washing hands, use a paper towel to turn off the tap, then wipe hands with a piece of paper, and then pad the paper towel handle. The U.S. Centers for Disease Control believes it helps protect against infectious diseases such as influenza.
4. Carry disinfectant. Because most influenza viruses can survive on objects for several hours, hand to hand or hand to object contact is one of the main ways to spread influenza. You put your hand to your mouth or nose, and the virus comes in. Therefore, it is best to carry disinfectant glue or disinfectant paper, which can clean hands at any time. A survey of school absences shows that students who use gel disinfectants are less likely to suffer from influenza than those who use other ways to wash their hands.
5. Wipe your eyes with your knuckles. Compared with fingers, wiping eyes with hand joints has a lower risk of virus infection. Because the eyes provide a complete channel for the invasion of bacteria, ordinary people rub the eyes and scratch the face about 20-50 times a day.
6. Put the toothbrush in the microwave oven and heat it with high heat for 10 seconds. This can kill the bacteria that cause colds and other diseases. After brushing the teeth, the toothbrush becomes the parasitic place of bacteria, so it's best to put it in the microwave oven for disinfection before use.
7. Influenza vaccination in autumn. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommended that people aged 50 or above live in nursing homes for a long time, suffering from chronic diseases (heart diseases, asthma, diabetes). Pregnant women, who are suffering from immune system decline due to cancer, AIDS or other factors, should be vaccinated. Those who live or work with those with high influenza should also be vaccinated against influenza.
8. Reduce self blame. Self blame is more likely to make themselves more susceptible to colds, which is the result of a study of 200 staff members for more than three months. Even those who are familiar with work easily sneeze if they lack confidence or blame themselves when they encounter difficulties.
9. Put a box of tissue everywhere. Put a box of tissue paper everywhere in the house, workplace and car, so that when others cough or sneeze, it can be used at any time to minimize the spread of bacteria.
10. Leave a crack in the window in winter. If you live in a relatively new room, this is particularly important. A lot of fresh air has a magical effect on driving away germs.
11. Turn down the temperature of the room by 5 degrees. The indoor hot and dry air provides a good environment for the propagation of influenza virus. When the mucous membrane in nose, oral cavity and tonsil is dry, bacteria can not be effectively controlled. Lowering the temperature and using indoor humidifier will help keep the temperature at a healthy level in winter.
12. Adjust and control the humidity of family room. The humidity of the room is about 50%. If it is more than 60% for a long time, it means that mold may parasitize in walls, fabrics and kitchens, and if it is less than 40%, dry air makes people vulnerable to bacteria.
13. Take a sauna once a week. A study of volunteers in Austria found that in a six-month study, people who often take a sauna are 1 / 2 less likely to catch a cold than those who do not. The reason may be that the hot gas inhaled can kill the virus.
14. Inhale air from the hair dryer. It may sound like magic, but a study at Howard hospital in England found that people who inhale heated air are half as likely to have cold symptoms as people who absorb air at room temperature. Try to inhale air through the nose, 20 minutes is the best.
15. Eat garlic cloves every day. 142 volunteers were asked to take a clove of garlic or placebo every day for 12 consecutive weeks from November to February of the next year. The results showed that those who took garlic every day not only had a low risk of catching a cold, but also had mild symptoms and recovered faster even if they had a cold.
16. Drink a cup of yogurt every day. A University of California study found that eating one cup of yogurt a day can reduce the risk of catching a cold by 25%. It's best to eat it from summer, so as to enhance its immunity before the cold and flu season.
17. Meditate for a moment every day. Meditation is an effective way to relieve stress. Stress makes people catch cold easily. Compared with those without stress, the former had twice as many colds as the latter.
18. Clean nail furrows every night. There's bacteria in the cracks of the nails.
19. Wash the towel every 3-4 days. In flu season, it's best to wash with hot water to kill bacteria.
20. Once influenza symptoms, immediately take the following preventive measures: first, take zinc sugar ingot until dissolved. Take it every 2 hours during the day or use zinc spray. Second, take 250 mg Huang's pill twice a day until it gets better; Third, bake garlic cloves in microwave oven, and then put the softened garlic cloves on bread.
21. Wipe your nose instead of blowing it. Blowing your nose will not only make the sticky things in the nasal cavity enter the body tissue, and then push back to the sinuses. If you really need to, use light force and blow one nose at a time.
22. When sneezing or coughing, cover it with your arm or paper towel. Many people think it's wrong to cover your mouth when you cough or sneeze. This causes bacteria to attach to our hands and pass on to objects or others. The right thing to do is to lift your elbow above your mouth and nose if you don't carry a tissue when sneezing or coughing, because people rarely hold your elbow after all.
23. Don't put pressure on doctors to prescribe antibiotics. Colds and flu are caused by viruses, so antibiotics with bactericidal efficacy not only have little effect, but also kill the beneficial bacteria in the immune defense part.