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Why are women more susceptible to STDs than men?

Why are women more likely to suffer from STDs than men? In terms of physiological structure, women are more likely to be infected with STDs than men, and the consequences are more serious. It is estimated that about 6 million women in the United States are infected with sexually transmitted diseases every year, and the number of women infected in China is also increasing year by year in recent years.

In the emergency room, a girl who swallowed a lot of sleeping pills was rescued successfully. But the girl didn't appreciate it. She cried and said: 'who asked you to save me? I have a venereal disease. I just want to die. "It turns out that there are many yellow and white papules like cucumber thorns growing on both sides of the girl's labia minora. She thought that she was suffering from venereal disease and felt sorry for her parents and fiance, so she had short ideas. Results the final diagnosis was Pseudocondyloma. Pseudocondyloma and condyloma acuminatum, although the symptoms are similar, but there are essential differences, the former caused by inflammatory stimulation, the latter caused by sexual transmission. Recently, a hospital in Beijing conducted a psychological analysis of more than 200 patients with venereal diseases. It was found that 100% of the patients had psychological barriers to venereal diseases, such as fear, guilt, anxiety and doubt. The pain of patients with this kind of 'heart disease' greatly exceeded the pain of the disease itself.

In a recent questionnaire survey of 500 female netizens on a website called 'how much do you know about sexually transmitted diseases'. More than half of the respondents knew little about STDs, and some of the respondents who thought they knew about STDs had a fragmented understanding of STDs. Due to the lack of basic understanding of STD knowledge, many girls regard STD as a scourge, and more often associate it with moral quality. In fact, STD, like other infectious diseases, is only an infectious disease, just related to sexual activities. We can't take it lightly or carelessly; we can't be too nervous and be insensitive; let alone think that suffering from venereal disease means death penalty.

Sexually transmitted disease (STD) refers to an infectious disease with sexual contact as the main mode of transmission, including syphilis, gonorrhea, nongonococcal urethritis, bacterial vaginosis, condyloma acuminatum, pubic lice, genital herpes and AIDS. At present, there are 8 kinds of sexually transmitted diseases listed above, which are listed as key prevention and control by the state.

From the medical point of view, there is no essential difference between sexually transmitted diseases and other diseases. As long as there is sexual activity, pathogen infection will inevitably occur. The more open the society is, the more frequent people's communication is, and the greater the risk of sexually transmitted diseases is. In recent years, the number of STD patients in China is increasing by about 15% every year.

Women are more likely to be infected with sexually transmitted diseases than men. Generally speaking, men are the main people infected with sexually transmitted diseases, but in terms of physiological structure, women are more likely to be infected with sexually transmitted diseases than men, and the consequences are more serious. The inner wall of female vagina is a thin layer of mucous membrane, which is vulnerable to infection. Moreover, the exposure time of female in the environment of infection source is longer than that of male, because sperm and organic infection source can accumulate in vagina. It is also difficult for women to diagnose sexually transmitted diseases, in part because there are no symptoms after some sexually transmitted diseases, and even if the damage to the human body or other signs already exist, these symptoms are often hidden in the vagina and are not easy to be found. Therefore, women are twice as likely to suffer from some sexually transmitted diseases as men, such as gonorrhea and chlamydia, while syphilis is half as likely as men.

Sexually transmitted diseases do serious harm to women. From the perspective of women, sexually transmitted diseases not only cause the same consequences to women as men, but also cause a series of complications. These complications will affect women's life in varying degrees.

Some infections that affect fertility, such as chlamydia, can infect the genital tract and develop into pelvic inflammation, and can scar and block the fallopian tube, making it difficult for sperm to meet with the egg to complete insemination. Sexually transmitted diseases will also make pregnancy dangerous, will prevent fertilized eggs along the fallopian tube down to the uterus, the occurrence of ectopic pregnancy, endangering the mother's life. Sexually transmitted diseases also often destroy pregnancy, causing stillbirth, spontaneous abortion, premature birth or low birth weight.

Opportunistic infections that increase the risk of other diseases also increase women's risk of other diseases. For example, there are more than 70 kinds of papillomavirus (usually called genital condyloma), two of which are closely related to cervical cancer. Some sexually transmitted diseases, such as chlamydia, gonorrhea and trichomoniasis, can weaken women's resistance to human immunodeficiency virus.

In addition to affecting physical health, sexually transmitted diseases often cause psychological harm to women. Research shows that women's emotional response to sexually transmitted diseases is different from men's. As mentioned earlier, women's inner pain after suffering from sexually transmitted diseases far exceeds the pain of the disease itself, and this feeling will last for several years.