Original title: the cancellation of provincial toll stations is a historic change and the beginning of new reform
On the evening of December 31, 2019, the provincial boundary toll station project of expressway will be cancelled and the grid connection switching will be carried out as scheduled. Yang Chuantang, Secretary of the Party group of the Ministry of transport, attended and delivered a speech. Deepening the reform of toll road system, Li Xiaopeng, leader and Minister of the leading group for the cancellation of provincial boundary toll stations on expressways, directed and announced that the grid connection and switching of the cancellation of provincial boundary toll stations on expressways was a complete success. From 0:00 on January 1, 2020, 487 provincial boundary toll stations in 29 interconnected provinces in China were all cancelled, and the "two-year basic plan" proposed in the government work report in 2019 was completed The goal of this project is to cancel the provincial boundary toll station task and strive to advance it.
Line up, pick up the card, and pay for it & hellip; & hellip; this side has just paid the toll for leaving the province, and there is also a pass card for entering the province. The biggest headache for drivers may not be the cost of passage, but the endless queue, which is particularly prominent during the holiday season. The road section close to the provincial boundary toll station is often the most congested. The army of vehicles waiting to pass through the provincial boundary even stretches for tens of kilometers at one time. The toll station has become the synonym of congestion.
As a product of history, the existence of provincial toll stations for a long time is not lack of rationality, because subject to the objective conditions such as technology, the province as a unit for operation, both in terms of charging and management have its convenience.
However, with the rapid development of China's economy and society, the importance of highway is becoming increasingly prominent. People put forward higher requirements for the use and management of highway. In this case, it is imperative to implement 'one network' operation 'and' one game 'management of highway, and the disadvantages of provincial toll stations are becoming more and more difficult to tolerate.
We can imagine the difficulty of abolishing a thing that is reasonable in a certain period of time and involves many relevant personnel. According to media disclosure, since the general office of the State Council issued the implementation plan for deepening the reform of toll road system and canceling provincial highway toll stations in 2019, the Ministry of transport has formulated more than 90 implementation plans in less than 9 months. 24588 sets of etc gantry systems have been completed nationwide, and 48211 etc lanes and 11401 sets of highway on-line weighing detection have been completed Etc has promoted 123 million users, with a total of 204 million users. At the same time, 12000 highway toll collectors have been properly placed. Behind the trivial data is a lot of human and material resources.
Although the abolition of provincial highway toll station is not the cancellation of toll, it is self-evident that it is beneficial to the economy and society. According to statistics, under normal traffic conditions, the average time for passenger cars to pass through the provincial boundary has been reduced from 15 seconds to 2 seconds, a decrease of 86.7%. The time for trucks to pass through the provincial boundary has been reduced from 29 seconds to 3 seconds, a decrease of 89.7%. Time is money and efficiency is life. By canceling provincial toll stations, China has realized the largest integrated operation of expressway network in the world, which is of great value to improving the efficiency of comprehensive transportation network, reducing logistics costs and improving travel experience.
From the perspective of managers, the cancellation of provincial toll stations also brings new problems. At present, it is necessary to ensure the road network operation during the transition period, especially during the Spring Festival transportation period. In the long run, it is necessary to deepen the ETC technology, expand the application, continue to promote the differential toll collection of expressways, and accelerate the formation of a unified and standardized toll road management and service system. All of these work is the meaning of deepening the reform of highway toll system.
The existing entrance / exit toll stations in Foshan are all changed into etc lanes, and only one etc / MTC (manual semi-automatic toll lane) mixed lane is reserved.
In this speech, the person in charge of the Ministry of transport specially mentioned that in order to further deepen the reform, we should deepen the cost reduction and efficiency increase, serve the overall development of the country, and solidly promote the scale control, structure adjustment, cost reduction, strong supervision and excellent service of toll roads, so as to better support the economic and social development. How to reduce cost and increase efficiency is obviously the key to the reform of expressway toll system. One fact is that almost every year at the two sessions of the National People's Congress and CPPCC members mention that "30% of the total value of goods in our country is consumed by logistics costs". Therefore, it is suggested to reduce highway charges, reduce logistics costs of enterprises, and ease the pressure for the development of small and medium-sized enterprises.
Recently, the Ministry of transport revealed that due to the implementation of preferential policies such as differential toll collection on expressways and 'green channel' for fresh agricultural products transportation, it is estimated that the logistics cost of highway and waterway can be reduced by 80 billion yuan in 2019. Now, with the withdrawal of all provincial toll stations and other favorable factors, it is reasonable to believe that the logistics cost will be further reduced in 2020.