Original title: NASA's discovery of 'supermassive black hole': mad speed spawns 500 stars a year
According to the daily mail of the United Kingdom, NASA has recently discovered a supermassive black hole, which has been breeding stars at a "crazy speed" and can produce an average of 500 stars a year. This study helps to explain the mystery of the origin of gaseous celestial bodies. Using the Chandra X-ray Observatory and the Hubble Space Telescope, researchers at the Massachusetts Institute of technology have targeted a distant cluster of galaxies called the Phoenix cluster, which contains a supermassive black hole that is ideal for star formation.
Different from the supermassive black holes found in other galaxy centers, the black holes found inside the Phoenix cluster are weaker. The gas clouds inside the galaxy are easy to cool down and start to breed stars, which is a phenomenon that astronomers have been looking forward to for a long time.
For decades, NASA has been searching for a breeding ground for stars in the center of a galaxy (the region closest to the supermassive black hole in the Galaxy), but it has not yet been found. In the previously observed galaxies, the superheated gas flowing around the center of the galaxy was cooled by X-rays, but then reheated by a burst of radiation from the center of a supermassive black hole, interrupting star formation, the researchers said.
Imagine turning on the air conditioning in your home in the hot summer, but then lighting the firewood so your bedroom doesn't cool down unless the firewood goes out, and similarly, when the black hole's heating capacity is turned off, there's gas cooling. The effect of star breeding in Phoenix cluster is very significant. It can produce about 500 stars a year, compared with only one star in the Milky way.