Original title: envy! 15 only children have nursing leave and 6 are following up
Four seas network news recently, Shandong plans to set up a chaperone leave, the only child may be extended as appropriate, to care for the elderly to visit the relevant news caused concern. With the rapid aging of China's population, the topic of providing for the aged continues to heat up. According to the incomplete statistics of Jingwei client of China Singapore, up to now, at least 15 countries have implemented the relevant policies of "only child care leave", and another 6 are in the process of follow-up.
Only child care leave has been implemented in 15 places
The national health and Health Commission pointed out that this year is 20 years of China's population aging. In 1999, there were 130 million elderly people, accounting for 10%, and in 2018, there were 249 million elderly people, accounting for 17.9%. During the 20 years, China's population aging has developed rapidly. From now to 2050, the number of people over 60 years old has increased from 250 million to nearly 500 million.
According to the incomplete statistics of China New Zealand's Jingwei clients, up to now, at least 13 provinces including Yunnan, Shanxi, Inner Mongolia, Ningxia, Henan, Hebei, Sichuan, Chongqing, Heilongjiang, Hubei, Hainan, Guangxi, Fujian, etc., as well as 2 cities including Huai'an and Guangzhou have issued specific regulations related to the "only child care leave".
It is found that the length of nursing leave for the only child is concentrated in 10-20 days every year. In addition, Guangxi, Hainan, Sichuan and other eight places also stipulate that the non only child can also enjoy this treatment, and the length of nursing leave every year is not more than 10 days.
Zhang Zhixin, associate professor of the school of urban economy and public management, Capital University of economics and trade, told the client of China Singapore Jingwei that he supported the government to issue targeted pension service policies. At the same time, the government should also conduct counseling, straighten out the relationship between demand and supply, and encourage social capital, volunteers and other social forces to participate in pension services.
Zhang Zhixin also said that the government should maintain the pension service market well, let all elements flow smoothly, and provide more help for pension services.
Six other places are on the way
According to the client analysis of China New Zealand Jingwei, up to now, there are six places in Shandong, Xi'an, Shenzhen, Beijing, Liaoning, Nanjing and so on to explore the establishment of the one-child care leave system. In addition, we have put forward many proposals to open up the pension market in an all-round way, guide and encourage social forces and market subjects to actively participate in the supply of pension services.
On October 28 this year, Shandong health and Health Commission issued the regulations on preferential treatment for the elderly in Shandong Province (Draft for comments), which proposed to support children to take care of and visit the elderly in accordance with the law. The employer shall allow the employees to ask for leave to visit and accompany the elderly parents on their birthday or during the period of hospitalization due to illness, so as to create conditions for their children to provide spiritual comfort to the elderly parents. For the employees who are the only child, the time of accompanying shall be extended as appropriate.
On October 28 this year, the regulations of Xi'an Municipality on the promotion of elderly care services (Revised Draft) was submitted to the 27th session of the Standing Committee of the 16th Municipal People's Congress for deliberation. It is proposed in the revised draft that during the period of hospitalization for the elderly, the employer of their children should support nursing care and provide the only child with 20 days of nursing time in total each year and the non only child with 10 days of nursing time in total each year. During the nursing period, they will enjoy the same wage treatment as during normal work.
On September 18 this year, the decision of the Standing Committee of Shenzhen Municipal People's Congress on building a high-level elderly care service system (Draft for comments) was publicly solicited on the website of the Standing Committee of Shenzhen Municipal People's Congress. The "consultation draft" clearly proposed to promote the establishment of only child care leave and reduce family care pressure.
Han Keqing, a professor at the school of labor and personnel of Renmin University of China, pointed out in an interview with Zhongxin Jingwei client that with the acceleration of aging, it is necessary to protect the rights of children to accompany the elderly, and more importantly, to build an effective elderly care service security system at the national level. To cultivate and promote the construction of pension service market, government financial and policy support is also indispensable.
Can only child care leave really come into effect?
'this policy is good. I hope it can be realized nationwide! Do enterprises have preferential tax policies after implementation, and do they need to be punished if they don't? All policies are good, and the key is to implement them to make sense. 'many netizens question whether the only child care leave system can really be implemented.
Han Keqing believes that when nursing leave is introduced, the government needs to follow up relevant supporting measures to ensure the implementation of the policy. For example, what substantive measures does the government take to encourage enterprises to be willing to give their employees leave? How can enterprises benefit from giving their employees nursing leave at the same time.
Han Keqing also said that the implementation of nursing leave should not only benefit the elderly, nor harm other interests of individuals. At present, the relevant nursing leave systems are all at the local level. It needs to be considered that many children and the elderly are from different places, and there must be a higher level communication mechanism or cohesion mechanism to ensure the implementation of the nursing leave system.
Zhang Zhixin proposed to further improve the laws, regulations and policies related to the labor leave system, and implement the universal inclusive leave system, so that more children have time to accompany the elderly.