Original title: the primary and secondary school teachers' qualification examination is held today, with 5.9 million candidates reaching a new high
4hw.org today, in the second half of 2019, the primary and secondary school teachers' qualification examination (written examination) will be held. A total of 28 provinces will take part in the national unified examination. The number of applicants for the examination reached a record high of 5.9 million. On the eve of the exam, the Ministry of Education issued a special notice to remind the majority of candidates to take the exam in good faith.
Unprecedented scale! 28 provinces participated in the national unified examination, 5.9 million candidates reached a new high
Today, there will be 5.9 million examinees entering the examination room of primary and secondary school teachers' qualification examination. In the past two years, there have been two teacher qualification examinations held every year, and the number of applicants for each examination is millions, and the number of applicants for this examination is unprecedented.
On September 3 this year, the first day of online registration for this exam, due to the surge in the number of applicants, the registration port was congested, and the registration official website server collapsed due to excessive pressure. This hot phenomenon even appeared on the microblog hot search.
In the evening of November 1, the Ministry of Education announced that in the second half of 2019, the number of primary and secondary school teachers' qualification examination candidates reached a new high, reaching 5.9 million, with 12.37 million subjects, more than double the number of candidates in the first half of the year. In addition, the number of candidates in the first half of the year was 2.9 million, with nearly 9 million teachers' qualification examination in the whole year.
There are six test areas with the number of candidates exceeding 100000, including Zhengzhou 126000, Kunming 114000, Chengdu 109000, Jinan 106000, Changsha 105000 and Wuhan 104000.
In addition, 48% of the examinees are in school, 52% are not in school, 26% are normal students and 74% are non normal students.
According to the recent registration data released by various regions, the registration scale of many provinces in the second half of this year has not only reached a new high, but also increased significantly. For example, more than 85000 people registered in the Beijing test area, an increase of 60% over the same period of last year, setting a new record in the number of applicants. In response to the increase in the number of applicants, the Beijing test area increased 52 test points. For example, a total of 264000 people registered in Guangxi, with 514000 times of registered science and technology, an increase of 49% and 60% respectively compared with the first half of the year, and the scale of registered examination reached a record high.
Why is the teacher qualification examination so 'hot'?
In recent years, the teacher qualification examination is held twice a year. The general written examination is arranged in March of the first half year and November of the second half year respectively, and the application is started 1-2 months in advance. Since 2015, the teacher qualification examination has entered the national unified examination stage.
For the reason that the teacher qualification examination is becoming more and more popular, some expert analysis mainly comes from the fact that the state has raised the threshold of teachers' entry and the teacher qualification certificate has become the necessary condition for teachers to take up their posts inside and outside the organization. Driven by the system of "taking up their posts with certificates", the teacher qualification certificate examination is becoming more and more popular.
"Since the reform of the national teacher qualification examination was officially implemented in 2015, there is no longer a distinction between normal students and non normal students after the reform. If normal students want to be teachers, they must participate in the national unified examination and apply for teacher qualification certificate just like non normal students. Yang Feng, an expert in Huatu education teacher program, analyzed the results.
In January 2018, the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China and the State Council issued the opinions on comprehensively deepening the reform of the construction of teachers in the new era. The document clearly stated that the access and recruitment system for primary and secondary school teachers would be improved. New teachers must obtain the qualification of teachers, strictly enforce the access of teachers and improve the entry standards.
'in recent years, it is not difficult to find out that most regions will mark the need to obtain the corresponding subject's teacher qualification certificate in the recruitment conditions, which can be seen that obtaining the teacher qualification certificate has become a necessary threshold for the teacher recruitment examination. 'Yang Feng said that many people who have the intention to work as a teacher think that they will feel more secure if they have' certificates'.
In addition, in the past two years, many policies have been issued at the national level, requiring that the primary and secondary school training teachers of offline and online education institutions must obtain teacher qualification certificates. For example, in August 2018, the general office of the State Council issued the opinions on regulating the development of out of school training institutions, which clearly stated that 'teachers engaged in the knowledge training of Chinese, mathematics, English and physics, chemistry, biology and other disciplines should have corresponding teacher qualifications'.
"The new policy will undoubtedly bring pressure on the off campus training institutions and their subject teachers, so it is necessary for them to work with certificates. Each institution adopts a variety of ways, such as reimbursement of examination expenses, collective training and other ways to encourage their teachers to participate in the examination. 'said Yang Feng.
In addition, according to Yang Feng, in recent years, teachers' salaries have been increasing, the state has given priority to ensuring teachers' needs in terms of staffing, and the attraction of teachers' careers has been increasing. From a small environment, the way to apply for the teacher qualification examination is more convenient and the conditions are more relaxed, which are also attracting more candidates to apply.
What does the teacher qualification test take?
In accordance with the provisions of the Teachers Law of the people's Republic of China, the State implements the teacher qualification system. Chinese citizens who abide by the Constitution and laws, love the cause of education, have good ideological and moral character, have the education background specified in this law, or pass the national teacher qualification examination, have the ability of education and learning, and pass the examination may obtain the teacher qualification.
According to the introduction of the primary and secondary school teacher qualification examination network of the examination center of the Ministry of education, through the implementation of the primary and secondary school teacher qualification examination, it is necessary to check whether the applicant has the professional ethics, basic literacy, education and teaching ability and the potential of teacher professional development.
From the perspective of category, the teacher qualification examination in primary and secondary schools includes kindergarten teacher qualification examination, primary school teacher qualification examination, junior middle school teacher qualification examination and senior middle school teacher qualification examination. The examination is a national unified examination organized by the provincial education administrative department and established by the state. It includes two parts: written examination and interview. Only those who pass the written examination can participate in the interview.
From the perspective of the content of written examination, kindergarten and primary school sections are examined in two subjects, namely, comprehensive quality, knowledge and ability of education / knowledge and ability of education and teaching. Middle school sections are examined in three subjects, namely, comprehensive quality, education knowledge and ability, and subject knowledge and teaching ability. It can be seen from this that the teacher qualification examination is based on the principle of strictly closing the entrance of teachers and attaches importance to the examination of the comprehensive ability of the candidates. '
Yang Feng analyzed that in recent years, the teacher qualification examination is changing from examination recognition to examination understanding, from examination policy concept to examination actual operation, and the difficulty of teacher qualification examination is quietly rising.
Serious examination discipline the Ministry of education reminds examinees to be honest
In September this year, the two high schools issued a judicial interpretation on handling criminal cases such as cheating in organizing examinations. The national teacher qualification examination, the national college entrance examination, the postgraduate entrance examination and the civil servant examination were included in the 'national examination prescribed by law'. Those who organize cheating in these examinations will bear criminal responsibility.
According to the provisions of the criminal law, whoever organizes cheating or provides cheating equipment or other help for others to commit the crime of organizing cheating in state examinations as prescribed by law shall constitute the crime of organizing cheating in examinations and shall be sentenced to fixed-term imprisonment of not more than three years or criminal detention and shall also, or shall only, be fined; if the circumstances are serious, he shall be sentenced to fixed-term imprisonment of not less than three years but not more than seven years and shall also be fined.
According to reports, on the eve of the examination, the examination center of the Ministry of Education held a video conference on the safety and confidentiality of teachers' qualification examination on October 28. The examination center of the Ministry of education requires all provincial education and examination institutions to further improve the all-round supervision system, strengthen the safety and confidentiality of examination papers, strictly implement the supervision measures and requirements such as one post, multiple control, joint prevention of human technology, etc.; strengthen the training and education of confidential personnel, strictly prevent the occurrence of internal leakage, and ensure the safety, stability and smooth of the examination.
On the evening of November 1, the website of the Ministry of Education issued a message to remind candidates of their honesty. According to the Ministry of education, the teacher qualification system is the statutory vocational licensing system implemented by the state and the 'first gateway' for the selection of teachers. With the increasing number of examinees applying for the qualification examination of primary and secondary school teachers, the workload of examination organization is also increasing, and the security of examination is more important. (end)