China has a vast territory and a large population. There are great differences in geography, culture and culture. This makes many people wonder whether their hometown is the South or the north, and whether they are from the South or the north? At the same time, many people have many misunderstandings about the north and the south. Can you distinguish these misunderstandings?
In Chinese geography, how to define the South and North? What is the basis?
In fact, there is a natural geographical dividing line in China, that is, the Qinling Mountains and the Huaihe River. At present, it is also the standard for China to distinguish the north from the South geographically.
It is mainly based on precipitation and isotherm. Due to the difference of precipitation and average annual temperature between the north and the south of Huaihe River in Qinling Mountains, there are differences in climate, geographical environment and so on, which lead to differences in people's living habits and so on. Therefore, the Qinling Huaihe line has become the natural geographical boundary between the north and the south of China, and its role as the boundary between the north and the South has been defined from the perspective of geography.
North of the Huaihe River in Qinling Mountains (generally speaking): the average temperature is less than 0 ℃, the average annual precipitation is less than 800mm, the river freezes in winter, mainly dry land, mainly wheat, people take pasta as staple food, most of them belong to warm temperate zone.
To the south of the Huaihe River in Qinling Mountains (generally speaking): the average temperature in January is above 0 ℃, the average annual precipitation is more than 800mm, the river is not frozen in winter, mainly paddy fields, mainly rice, and people mainly eat rice, most of which belong to the subtropical zone.
To sum up, they all consider generality, because there are many special problems. For example, rice is also planted in some areas of Northeast China, with rice as the staple food, and wheat is also planted in the south.
In addition, it is worth mentioning that provinces and regions located on the boundary of Qinling and Huaihe rivers are often divided into two regions, one province or even one city. Mainly concentrated in Anhui, Jiangsu, Henan and other provinces. For example, Xuzhou and Lianyungang in Jiangsu Province, Northern Anhui in Anhui Province, Xinyang in Henan Province and other places have appeared the northern regions of southern provinces and the southern regions of northern provinces, which makes people confused. Is your answer to the frequently misunderstood question in North and South China correct?
Misunderstanding 1: South and North in the eyes of Cantonese. In the eyes of Lingnan people, the area north of Nanling is the north. Because they think that it snows in winter in the area north of Nanling, while it seldom snows in winter in the area south of Nanling. This concept is wrong in the division of North and South in Chinese geography!
Misunderstanding 2: take the Yangtze River as the boundary, the south of the Yangtze River as the south, and the north as the north. In China, due to historical reasons, it is easy to regard the Yangtze River as the boundary between the north and the south. Because the political centers of many ancient regimes were in the north of the Yangtze River, and those regimes established in the south of the Yangtze River were traditionally called Southern regimes. Also, literally, the place south of the Yangtze River is called Jiangnan. In fact, there is no accurate standard for the concept of Jiangnan. The South and north sides of the Yangtze River are also in the south of the Yangtze River. For example, the former southern provinces include a large part of Anhui Province north of the Yangtze River. Yangzhou in Jiangsu Province, even to the north of the Yangtze River, is regarded as a typical representative of Jiangnan. Nowadays, a large number of people directly regard the Yangtze River as the dividing line between the north and the south. In fact, this is also wrong.
Misunderstanding 3: for some people in the three eastern provinces, it's even worse. Entering Shanhaiguan is the north, leaving Shanhaiguan is the south. Of course, this is also a misunderstanding. Northeast China is really close to the north, but at least the people of Beijing, Tianjin, Shanxi and Hebei to the north of the Yellow River should regard themselves as northerners!
In addition, some people regard the Yellow River as the dividing line between the north and the south, which has a certain basis, but it is also a wrong concept in China's geography.