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What climate does Harbin belong to? Is summer suitable for traveling to Harbin?

Harbin is the capital of Heilongjiang Province, also known as the ice city. In fact, from the local climate point of view, we should be able to guess why Harbin is called an ice city. So, what climate does Harbin belong to? What month is the best time to travel in Harbin?

Geographical environment and climate of Harbin

Harbin City, Shuangcheng district and Hulan District are flat and low-lying, and the eastern counties (cities) are mountainous and hilly. Zhangguangcailing branch hills in the southeast, Xiaoxing'anling mountains in the north, Songhua River in the middle, the mountains are not high, rivers crisscross, vast plains. Harbin city is mainly distributed in the three terraces formed by Songhua River: the first terrace is between 132 and 140 meters above sea level, mainly including Daoli and Daowai areas, with flat ground; The second terrace is 145-175m above sea level, which is gradually transited from the first terrace without obvious boundary. It mainly includes parts of Nangang District and Xiangfang District, with large area, long-term water erosion, slight fluctuation, deep soil layer and fertile soil. It is an important agricultural area in Harbin; The third terrace, 180-200m above sea level, is mainly distributed in the south of huangshanzizi and Pingfang District, and then to the southeast, it gradually transits to the remaining vein of zhangguangcailing, which is a hilly area.

Harbin is a big city with high latitude and low temperature in China. There are four distinct seasons. Winter is long and cold, while summer is short and cool. The change of temperature in spring and autumn is fast, which belongs to the transition season and the time is short.

Harbin has a mid temperate continental monsoon climate with long winter and short summer. The annual average precipitation is 569.1 mm. The precipitation is mainly concentrated from June to September, and summer accounts for 60% of the annual precipitation. The concentrated snowfall period is from November to January of the next year. There are four distinct seasons. The average temperature in January in winter is about minus 19 degrees, and that in July in summer is about 23 degrees. How is Harbin divided into four seasons? What month is the best time to travel to Harbin?

How is Harbin divided into four seasons

April to June is spring, which is prone to spring drought and gale. The temperature rises rapidly and is changeable, and the temperature can reach about 10 ℃ at a time. The monthly variation of temperature is strong, generally around 8-10 ℃.

July to August is summer. The climate is warm, humid and rainy. The average temperature in July is 19-23 ℃, and the maximum temperature is 38 ℃. The average precipitation accounts for 60% - 70% of the whole year, and the monthly temperature difference is very small, which is the highest in each season.

The average temperature in September is 10 ℃, and it has reached 0 ℃ in the north and 2-4 ℃ in the south in October.

From November to march of the next year is winter, which is long, cold and dry, and sometimes snowstorm. The average temperature in January was minus 15 ℃ - minus 30 ℃, and the lowest temperature was minus 37.7 ℃ (January 26, 1985).