On July 7, Hangzhou Liangzhu ancient city site park officially opened. The Liangzhu ancient city ruins show the 5000 year old civilization of China to the public. On July 6, Liangzhu ancient city site was listed in the "World Heritage List". At present, China has 55 world heritage sites, ranking first in the world. The site of Liangzhu ancient city has been preserved truly and completely, which can provide a unique witness for the 5000 year history of Chinese civilization.
The site of Liangzhu ancient city is located in Hangzhou City, Zhejiang Province. The Liangzhu culture dates from 5300 to 4300 years ago and has been developing for about 1000 years. The world heritage declaration scope of the ancient city site includes 14.3 square kilometers of heritage area and 99.8 square kilometers of buffer area. Liangzhu ancient city is the first Neolithic city site found in the lower reaches of the Yangtze River. Before the discovery of Shimao site in Shenmu, Shaanxi Province, it was the largest prehistoric city site in China, and has always been known as "the first city in China".
Liangzhu ancient city, with a series of related sites such as large-scale ancient city, complex water conservancy system, graded cemeteries (including altars), and a series of jade objects with symbols of belief and system, reveals that in the late Neolithic period of China, there once existed an ancient city with rice farming as economic support, obvious social differentiation and unified belief in the area around Taihu Lake in the lower reaches of the Yangtze River Regional countries.
The success of Liangzhu ancient city heritage application for world cultural heritage is of great significance. There is a heated debate between Chinese and foreign scholars on whether China is a 5000 year civilization or a 3000 year civilization. The Liangzhu ancient city site has been truly and completely preserved so far, which can demonstrate the high achievements of rice farming development in prehistoric society of China's Yangtze River Basin 5000 years ago, and provide a unique witness for China's 5000 year history of civilization. The successful application for world heritage of Liangzhu ancient city site fills the blank of Neolithic urban archaeological sites in East Asia in the world heritage list, and also marks that the 5000 year history of Chinese civilization has been recognized by the international community.
Liangzhu ancient city consists of palace area, inner city and outer city. The peripheral water conservancy system of Liangzhu ancient city is the earliest large-scale water conservancy project in China and the earliest dam in the world. The dam system of Liangzhu is not isolated, it is closely linked with the city wall, which not only ensures the construction of the city wall, but also meets the daily needs of the city life. Water conservancy projects have many uses. Firstly, it has the function of flood control, secondly, it has the function of transportation and irrigation. The complexity of this water conservancy project was unique in the world at that time.
The site park covers an area of 14.3 square kilometers, which is divided into four areas: city site area, Yaoshan site area, plain low dam Piedmont levee area and gukou high dam area. Among them, the area that will be limited to open is the core part of the city site area, with an area of 3.66 square kilometers. The site of Liangzhu ancient city is a typical earthen site. The earthen site is fragile and not suitable for open display. The upper limit of daily reservation number is also set according to the maximum carrying capacity of tourists in a single day. The opening hours of the site park are from 9:00 to 17:00 every day. Currently, the maximum number of visitors per day is 3000.
At present, Liangzhu street and Pingyao town near the ruins park are equipped with hotels, B & B, catering, etc. Liangzhu Cultural Village, 10 minutes from the park, is a residential community built by Vanke.