It is understood that a forest fire broke out in lier village, Yalongjiang Town, Muli County, Liangshan Prefecture, Sichuan Province on March 30. In the afternoon of March 31, Liangshan branch of Sichuan Forest Fire Brigade and local firefighters were affected by the sudden change of wind and wind direction during the fire fighting operation, which caused the death of 27 forest firefighters and 3 local cadres. On April 1, after full search and rescue, the remains of 27 forest fire fighters and 3 local firefighters were found. So, what is the cause of the fire in Liangshan wood? How to avoid danger in case of mountain fire?
According to the latest news on May 5, the ignition point of the forest fire in Muli, Sichuan Province and the lightning stroke on trees have been found and confirmed as lightning strike fire. The whole fire site has been completely controlled and there is no danger of spreading. At the same time, another missing person was confirmed dead in the fire. On the afternoon of May 5, media reported that the Forest Public Security Bureau of Sichuan Province and Liangshan State Forest Public Security Bureau said that after investigation by the forest public security department, it was confirmed that the ignition point and lightning stroke trees of the forest fire in Muli had been found, which was confirmed as lightning stroke fire. The ignition point is a Yunnan pine, located on the ridge, about 80 years old. Since Tuesday, forest police have entered the scene to investigate the fire point and the cause of the fire.
Li Guangjun, director of Liangshan Forest Public Security Bureau, said that the fire spot of Yunnan pine had obvious traces of lightning strike and fire, which could confirm the source and cause of the fire. At 12:44 on May 5, according to the report of Liangshan forest and grassland fire prevention headquarters office, only three smoke spots left in the forest fire slash of lier village, Yalongjiang Town, Muli County were disposed, and the whole fire site was under overall control without any risk of spread. The total fire area was about 20 hectares. After the study and judgment of the front headquarters, it was decided to cancel the number.
Wang Huirong, deputy director of the third construction management and Protection Department of Muli Forestry Bureau, participated in the forest fire fighting in lier village, Yalongjiang Town, Sichuan Province, according to the Information Office of Liangshan Prefecture People's Government on April 5, and lost contact when he returned alone. Wang Huirong's body was found at 15:10 on April 4 after being searched by the local organization team.
How to avoid mountain fire?
Experts said that if there is a mountain fire in the forest, there are four ways to avoid it, and the most important is to avoid the most dangerous fire environment.
Zhang Yong, director of the teaching and research section of China fire rescue College: 'usually when a mountain fire comes, we have four methods, that is, four words to avoid, turn, point and rush. '
First of all, avoiding must be based on avoiding. Avoiding is to avoid dangerous fire environment, which is dangerous fire triangle. The fire triangle, which is the three elements of combustion, is the necessary condition for combustion and fire. ]
The second way is to move quickly. Many times people know that forest fire is around, but they can't see the fire. Once you see the fire, it's too late to run back. Therefore, when approaching and avoiding the mountain fire, we must pay attention to observe the surrounding environment, and look for safe and safe areas for use, such as ponds and open areas. When the fire suddenly changes, it can be quickly transferred to these safe areas for risk avoidance.
The third way is to avoid danger. This is conditional. For example, in the broad Grass Pond in the northeast, if the time is right, if the fire turns over the mountain and rushes towards us, and there is no safe place around, you can light a downwind fire and burn an area without combustibles. Personnel should enter this area quickly.
The fourth method is to cross the line of fire. In the face of the fire and avoid the inevitable crisis, it can be considered to cross the line of fire.