Which cities are there in Inner Mongolia?
Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region (9 prefecture level cities, 3 leagues, 11 county-level cities): 20 cities
Nine prefecture level cities: Hohhot, Baotou, Wuhai, Chifeng, Tongliao, Ordos, Hulunbuir, Bayannur and Ulanchab.
Three Leagues: Xilingol League, Xing'an League and Alashan League.
11 county-level cities: huolingole City, Manzhouli City, Yakeshi City, Zhalantun City, Genhe City, Erguna City, Fengzhen City, Xilinhot City, erlinhot City, Ulanhot city and ALSHAN city.
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Which cities are the most interesting to visit in Inner Mongolia?
I. Genghis Khan Mausoleum in Ejin Horo Banner, Ordos City
Mausoleum of Genghis Khan
Genghis Khan Mausoleum is not a large-scale mausoleum, covering an area of about 5.5 hectares, but it has its own characteristics and is a major tourist attraction in Inner Mongolia.
Genghis Khan Mausoleum is located in ganderi grassland, Ejin Horo Banner, IQC League, Inner Mongolia, 70 kilometers away from Dongsheng City. Genghis Khan is an outstanding strategist and statesman in Mongolia. He was promoted as a great Khan in 1206 after the unification of the Mongolian ministries and established the Mongolian Khanate. After he ascended the throne, he launched a large-scale military activities, which extended to Central Asia and south Russia. In 1226, soldiers attacked Xixia in the South and died in Xixia the next year. After the establishment of the Yuan Dynasty, Genghis Khan was pursued as the emperor of the Yuan Dynasty.
Genghis Khan is a great historical figure, so his mausoleum has a strong attraction for tourists.
Yurt style palace
The main body of Genghis Khan Mausoleum is composed of three Mongolian style palaces. The three halls are connected by corridors on the domes of three yurt palaces. The golden glazed tiles are shining in the bright sunlight. On the top of the dome are blue glazed tiles, which are the colors and patterns advocated by the Mongolian people.
The main hall is 26 meters high, with double eaves; the East-West hall is 23 meters high, with single eaves; the rear hall and corridor are 20 meters high; looking down from the height, the whole hall is like an eagle, the main hall is like the head and body of an eagle, and the two side halls are like the wings of an eagle.
In the center of the main hall, there is a statue of Genghis Khan, 5 meters high, dressed in armor, swords and martial arts, sitting in the center of the main hall. The back hall is the dormitory, which is equipped with four spiritual packages covered with yellow satin. In the packages, Genghis Khan and his three wives' spiritual pivots are consecrated respectively. In front of the spiritual packages, there is a large altar, on which are placed censers and butter lamps. There are also precious cultural relics such as saddles used by Genghis Khan before his death.
Murals depicting the great events of Genghis Khan's life
In the corridor connecting the East and west side halls, there are murals. The west corridor depicts the major events of Genghis Khan's life, and the East corridor depicts the deeds of his grandson Kublai Khan.
In the southeast corner of Genghis Khan Mausoleum, there are such facilities as Jinding tent, side hall, Xuanhan platform, grassland market, cultural relics exhibition hall, shooting range, horse race track, wrestling field, etc. Jinding tent, 13 meters high and 18 meters in diameter, is a yurt style palace, and then watch the scene when Genghis Khan ascended the throne in 1206. There are Genghis Khan's throne and portraits in the hall. There are 8 chariots outside the hall, with the wheel height of 2 meters, which can be seen by tourists. The height of Xuanhan platform is 8 meters, which is an antique building in the history when herdsmen elected Khan.
II. Tomb of Zhaojun in Hohhot
Tomb of Zhaojun
Zhaojun tomb, also known as "green tomb", is called Temur Urhu in Mongolian, which means "iron base". It is located at the Bank of Dahei River, 9km away from the South Huqing road in Hohhot City, Inner Mongolia. It is the tomb of Wang Zhaojun, a famous Princess of Han Dynasty, according to historical records and folklore.
Zhaojun tomb, built in the Western Han Dynasty BC, has a long history of more than 2000 years, and is now a key cultural relics protection unit in Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region.
Zhaojun tomb was built by hand in Han Dynasty. The tomb is 33 meters high and covers an area of 13000 square meters. It is one of the largest Han Tombs in China.
Zhaojun tomb, because it is covered with grass and green, is called "green tomb". The green tomb stands tall and magnificent. Looking from afar, it shows a charming scenery with dark color and thick ink. In history, it is known as "green tomb embraces Dai" by scholars, and becomes one of the eight sceneries in Hohhot.
In Chinese history, Wang Zhaojun is a great woman who devoted herself to the cause of friendship of the Chinese nation. Among the common people, Zhaojun is the embodiment of beauty. For thousands of years, her legends and stories have been widely spread among Chinese people. Since the Tang and Song Dynasties, there have been countless poems, lyrics, paintings and operas Sung and expressed emotions by scholars of all ages, forming the Zhaojun culture that has been handed down for thousands of years.
Modern historian Jian Bozan praised: 'Wang Zhaojun is not a character, but a symbol of national friendship; Zhaojun tomb is not a tomb, but a historical monument of national friendship'.
"Since the pipa was played, Zhaojun's tomb is still new.". Today's Zhaojun tomb, like a bright pearl on the northern grassland, has become a famous tourist resort in the world. There are not only cultural relics with a long history, but also the natural interest of birds and flowers and the unique human landscape, which are poetic and picturesque.
III. gegantala grassland
Gegantala is located in the depth of Ulanchab grassland, 140 kilometers away from Hohhot city of the autonomous region. The asphalt road is like a black ribbon extending to the tourist spot. It belongs to the national scenic spot. Since it was opened to Chinese and foreign tourists in 1979, it has received more than 40000 tourists from more than 50 countries and regions and more than 200000 domestic tourists.
Today's gegantala grassland is more beautiful and moving, with fertile water and grass, rolling hills, waves like horses, golden clouds like camels and white clouds like sheep swimming in the green sea. The herdsman on horseback, with a thin pole, points to the sky like a spearhead. The traditional yurts and the modern yurts form a beautiful and moving picture for the gegantala grassland.
Every year, August is the season for the Nadam Festival. From August 15 to August 25 every year, the gegantala tourist attraction holds Nadam, which is also an excellent time for summer vacation.
There is a grand temple fair, a small temple fair and an Oboo festival held every year. In the Oboo Festival, you can see the traditional wrestling, horse riding, archery and other wonderful competitions of Mongolian people.
4. Xiritara grassland
V. Hulunbuir grassland
Located in Hulunbeier League, Inner Mongolia, it is named after Hulun Lake and Beier Lake beside it. It is the main animal husbandry area in Inner Mongolia, producing famous Sanhe horse and Sanhe cattle. Inner Mongolia is high and flat. There are thousands of lakes. In the vast and flat Mongolian Plateau, there are no deep gullies, ridges, hills and other landforms of the Loess Plateau. Apart from the Daxingan Mountains and Daqingshan Mountains, most of them are gentle fields. 'the sky is grey, the wild is vast, the wind blows grass and sees cattle and sheep. 'the famous Hulunbuir prairie, with a vast expanse of green waves and breezes, is dotted with sheep like flowing clouds and catkins. The grassland scenery is extremely beautiful and delightful.
Hulunbuir grassland is famous for three reasons: first, there was a generation of Tianjiao Genghis Khan in the grassland; second, the quality of the grassland was excellent, and the grass cut was exported to Southeast Asia; third, it was rich in Sanhe horses and Sanhe cattle.
Hulunbuir grassland is the most beautiful grassland in Inner Mongolia. It has more than 100 million mu of grassland, more than 200 million mu of forest, more than 500 lakes, more than 3000 rivers. The vast grassland is like a giant green carpet woven by nature. Walking on it, the soft and elastic feeling is very wonderful. Where the green grass meets the blue sky, the cattle and sheep chase each other, and the herdsmen hold their whip and sing. Everywhere is the scene of "the wind blows the grass and sees the cattle and sheep low". It is worthy of being hailed as one of the most beautiful, largest and pollution-free grasslands in the world.
In Hulunbuir grassland tourism, you can ride a horse and ride a camel to enjoy the grass sea, you can take a 'Le Che' tour around the lake, you can fish near the lake, you can enter the forest to hunt, and enjoy the grassland scenery.
Vi. ALSHAN hot spring
ALSHAN hot spring
The largest radioactive radon spring in China. Located in the northwest of the right front banner of Horqin, Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, in the high mountains of Daxinganling. It is distributed in the area of 500m long and 70m wide. There are 42 hot springs of all sizes. Different springs have different temperature, radon content and other chemical components, which have good curative effect on many diseases. With an altitude of more than 1000 meters, fresh air, abundant sunshine and pleasant coolness in summer, ALSHAN is a summer resort; the snow cover period in winter is up to 7 months, and winter sports and hunting can be carried out. There are many trees and dense forests near the hot spring. The pines and birches cover the steep mountains. The precious medicinal materials are everywhere.
VII. Gaxian cave
It is located at the east end of the peak of the north section of Daxinganling Mountain, 10km north of Alihe Town, Olunchun Autonomous Banner. Its peaks are stacked, trees are towering, pine and birch block out the sun. The cave is on the cliff, about 5 meters higher than the plain. The cave faces southwest, more than 90 meters long from north to south, 27 meters wide from east to west, and more than 20 meters high. It is said to be immortal cave. The west wall of the cave is 15 meters away from the cave entrance. There are inscriptions on the cliffs in 443, the fourth year of Zhenjun in the Northern Wei Dynasty. According to the book of Wei, Zhenjun, the ancestor of Hou state of Wuluo, came to the dynasty four years ago and said that there was an old ruins of the former Emperor in the northwest of the country, 90 steps from the north to the south, 40 steps from the east to the west, and 70 feet in height. Tuobajie, the great emperor of the Northern Wei Dynasty, sent Li Chang, the assistant secretary of the middle school, to sacrifice, and "publish and wish the article on the wall of the room". There are 201 characters in the existing inscriptions, which are basically consistent with the Zhu characters recorded in historical records. It is confirmed that it is the birthplace of Tuoba Xianbei recognized by the Northern Wei Dynasty. There are rich cultural layers in the cave, which is of great scientific value for the study of the early history of Tuoba Xianbei. It is a national key cultural relics protection unit.
Eight, five call
Wudangzhao is located in Wudanggou, about 70 kilometers northeast of Baotou City, Inner Mongolia. In the deep part of the big green mountain with overlapping mountains and green pines and cypresses, there is a grand zhaomiao, which is called wudangzhao.
Wudangzhao, formerly known as badagar temple, means "white lotus" in Tibetan. In Mongolian, Wudang means "willow", which means "Temple". It was first built in the reign of Emperor Kangxi of the Qing Dynasty (1662-1722) and rebuilt in the fourteenth year of Qianlong (1749). It was named guangjue temple in the Han Dynasty. It was built here by the first living Buddha, rob Sangala, and gradually expanded to its present scale. Because the temple was built on a hillside called OBO mountain in Wudanggou, it was generally called wudangzhao. Wudang is built on the south side of the terrain. It's a white building built by mountains. Surrounded by mountains, it's set off by pines and cypresses. It's very magnificent.
The main building is located on a prominent hillside in the valley. The main building is composed of six halls, three mansions and one mausoleum. There is also a Lama house on both sides. The whole temple covers an area of more than 300 mu, and there are more than 2500 temples and warehouses. The whole building adopts Tibetan style architectural style, flat roof square building structure, rigorous structure, reasonable layout, and the white appearance reflected under the blue sky and green mountain, which is more brilliant. Among them, the largest building is suguqindu palace, which is dedicated to the largest bronze statue of Buddha, Sakyamuni, the creator of the Yellow religion, and the Buddhist teachers of all ages. In the west of suguqin palace, there is the kuilindu palace, which teaches Buddhism. On the east side of suguqin palace is wudangzhao's central building, dongkuoer palace, next to gexid palace, and ahui palace and