In the past two years, the domestic second-hand commercial vehicle market has developed rapidly, especially after September 21, 2016, the logistics industry set off a car buying boom, but the second-hand truck market is mixed, the identification and evaluation of domestic second-hand commercial vehicles is still in its infancy, and the news of drivers buying second-hand accident vehicles is frequently reported, many drivers gradually avoid this muddy water. So how to choose a second-hand car? Old driver to teach you how to buy a car at ease?
As the old saying goes: the plan of a day is in the morning, and the plan of a year is in the spring. After the Spring Festival every year, there is a peak period of second-hand car trading. In fact, to buy a suitable and satisfactory second-hand car and use it well is like picking up a banknote printing machine. It's faster to recover the capital, and the value preservation rate is better than that of a new car. We don't talk much nonsense. Today, let's talk about how to pick up a reliable second-hand truck.
Define the model and prepare the budget
Women say that men don't run their own homes. They buy clothes when they like. They don't know how to compare goods and bargain. Buying a second-hand car is not a trinket. Before buying a second-hand car, you should determine your favorite model according to your actual needs, and then touch the money in your pocket. You can't use the money to buy a bicycle. In the end, you can borrow money to buy a Mercedes Benz. It's not practical, and it puts you under unnecessary economic pressure. We buy a car to make money, not to support your face.
1. Look at the appearance
The car looks like a girl's figure and face. I'm sure 99% of men prefer to meet a beautiful girl, and then further develop. In the same way, a second-hand car with a dilapidated appearance and rusty carriage can never interest you, let alone let you test drive it.
First of all, look at the appearance of the car. People stand in the distance and observe the car from front to back, left and right to see if the front of the car is crooked and if the car is tilted. If the car is crooked, it is very likely that the car will have an accident or even overturn. At this time, you should have a clear idea.
As the saying goes: the more beautiful things are, the more poisonous they are. For a car with a certain age, if you look at the front of the car and the body of the car, you will feel that there is a big difference. If the front of the car is bright, you don't have to guess. In nine cases out of ten, if the accident is serious, it is very likely to replace the entire cab assembly or damage the engine. This kind of second-hand car needs special attention: in such a big accident, the owner will take the insurance and check the car The insurance record is also very important and must not be ignored.
2. Look at the windshield
If there is a big collision in front of the car, the front windshield and side glass are very likely to be broken. Since they are broken, the owner will definitely replace them, so the information on the glass can be used to judge the condition of the car. Some special cases: the car is cracked by stones or artificially damaged in the process of driving, which is not an accident, so it should be judged and analyzed according to the actual situation.
3. Look at the front cabin harness
Because most of the electrical equipment and control switches are concentrated in the front cabin of the cab, if there is no accident car, the wiring harness in the front cabin is in order no matter how many years, and it will not be arranged in a disorderly way like after the accident. If you buy this kind of accident car, you will not be in a good mood if you have circuit problems in the future, so you must be careful.
4. Look at the carriage
When we buy a car, it's very important for us to make money by pulling goods. For example, dump trucks are overloaded all the year round. It's a common practice to work hard. Sand, coal and ore are all smashed. One year's work is like ten years' overdraft.
When buying this kind of second-hand car, you must climb on the top of the car, raise the car, observe the quality and smoothness of the car and the bottom plate, and choose the car with the appropriate thickness of the bottom edge according to what you usually pull. Some car compartments are too bad. The car owners directly change to new cheap ones, giving people the illusion that the car has never been a coolie. Remember to be cautious.
5. Look at the tires
Let's talk about the big foot of the car - tires. Old drivers all know that once a tire bursts during transportation, there is a great potential safety hazard. When buying a second-hand car, you should pay attention to retread tires. Yes, I heard right. In order to make the car look better, some car owners will replace the original car with retreaded tires at a higher price. If you don't have good eyesight, it's easy to be fooled.
The tires retreaded by small workshops are cheap and the quality is not guaranteed. To identify a retreaded tire, first observe the date of production on the side of the tire. If the date of production is earlier, but the tire is very new or even spotless, it is most likely to be a retreaded tire. In addition, carefully observe whether the production date of the tire has traces of post pasting or post processing. It can also observe whether the drainage groove and tread pattern of the tire are uniform.
6. Test run
As the saying goes: seeing is better than hearing, trying is better than seeing. Next, it focuses on the next test run. The test run mainly judges the working conditions of the engine and gearbox. After getting on the car, take a taxi and check whether all the instruments work normally, whether the fault light is on, whether the engine sound is normal, whether the gear is not smooth, and whether the gear will be stuck.
Drive out for a distance to see if the car deviates in the next direction, whether it feels like dancing back and forth, judge whether the car has a flat tire, blow the accelerator, and observe whether the car makes any abnormal noise. Lift the front of the car and observe whether there is serious oil leakage in the engine, gearbox and rear axle. For the old drivers who often drive, they can feel the driving feeling with their eyes closed.
7. Check the procedure
After seeing the car's condition, I also tried the car. At this time, I knew about the car very well. Finally, I asked the owner to show the vehicle's registration certificate (green copy), driving license and insurance policy. Some friends asked why they had to look at the insurance policy. Some owners insisted that seeing is believing because they knew that their insurance was coming soon and they still had a few months to go.
The green book mainly checks whether the frame number is consistent with the engine number and the information on the name plate. After several rounds of household transfer, we don't want to buy inventory cars and licensed cars. The next step is to negotiate with the owners. The negotiation mainly depends on our own efforts. By the way, when signing a contract, you must indicate the vehicle information, whether there is no accident, no water soaking, transfer of ownership, etc.
I hope this sharing can be helpful to friends who buy used cars. Some imperfections are welcome to point out, correct and supplement.