Every year, March 12 is China's tree planting day. In fact, it is the anniversary of Dr. Sun Yat Sen's death. Do you know the origin and origin of tree planting day? The annual Arbor Day is to let more people understand the importance of green environmental protection.
Dr. Sun Yat Sen has been fond of planting trees since he was a child. Up to now, there is still a 100 year old Honolulu sour bean tree growing in his former residence. This is in 1883, only 18 years old Sun Yat Sen, a long way from Honolulu, the United States to bring back seedlings, hand planted, under his careful cultivation and finally become a success.
Sun Yat Sen was also the first person who strongly advocated afforestation in modern China. In the political document Shangli Hongzhang, which was drafted by him, he pointed out that if China wants to be strong, it must 'promote agronomy and pay attention to tree art'.
After the revolution of 1911, Dr. Sun Yat Sen put forward the plan of planting trees on a large scale in northern and central China. In 1924, he stressed in a speech in Guangzhou that the fundamental way to prevent floods and droughts is to continuously plant trees and create large-scale forests. In addition, in many books and speeches, he repeatedly stressed the harmfulness of deforestation and the importance of afforestation, and personally planted trees.
At the initiative of Dr. Sun Yat Sen, our country once stipulated for the first time on July 30, 1915 that the annual Tomb Sweeping Day was the tree planting day. After the death of Sun Yat Sen on March 12, 1925, it was decided that March 12, the day of Sun Yat Sen's death, should be designated as tree planting day to commemorate his achievements in promoting afforestation.
Tree Planting Day customs in the world
Hundreds of years ago, Yugoslavia enacted a law requiring each newlyweds to plant 70 olive trees. In Kagoshima and other areas of Japan, there are also regulations for newlyweds to plant trees. A stele should be erected next to the tree to indicate the name and date of marriage. The trees can be cut down 50 years after planting. At that time, tree planting couples can celebrate their 50th wedding anniversary.
According to the law of Java island in Indonesia, 2 trees should be planted for the first marriage and 5 trees should be planted for divorce; 3 trees must be planted for the second marriage, otherwise registration will not be allowed.
There is a special rule in Japan that every private car must be planted with a tree. This is because every car emits a large amount of toxic hydrocarbons and makes noise every year. Trees are natural 'disinfectors' and' silencers'. Therefore, trees must be planted.
In order to prevent trees from being destroyed by construction projects, Japan has set up a 'tree bank'. All construction units must timely deposit the rooted trees excavated from the cleaning site into the 'tree bank'. After the completion of the project, the unit must timely take out the trees and plant them to maintain the original green area.
Family tree, some local regulations in Poland: all families with children should plant 3 trees, which is called 'family tree'.
In many places in Tanzania, Africa, there is a custom of planting trees by planting trees. That is to say, whoever has a child will bury his placenta in the land outside the door and plant a tree there, expressing the hope that the child will thrive like a tree.
Courtship tree, in Bonn, Germany, every year in the tree planting season, the young man will give the girl a carefully selected birch sapling and plant it with his own hands to express his love. People call it 'courtship tree'.
The origin of Arbor Day
In ancient China, there was a tradition of planting willow trees during the Qingming Festival, and the modern tree planting festival was initiated by Nebraska in the United States. Before the 19th century, Nebraska was a barren wasteland with few trees, dry land, strong wind, and yellow sand all over the sky. The people suffered a lot. In 1872, Julius Stirling Morton, a famous American agronomist, proposed to set up Arbor Day in Nebraska to mobilize people to plant trees in a planned way. At that time, the State Agricultural Bureau adopted the proposal through a resolution, and the governor personally designated the third Wednesday in April as tree planting day. After this decision was made, millions of trees were planted that year. In the next 16 years, another 600 million trees were planted, turning the 100000 hectare wilderness of Nebraska into a dense forest. In 1885, in order to honor the achievements of Morton, the State Council officially stipulated that April 22, the birthday of Mr. Morton, was the annual Arbor Day and a day off.
The significance of Arbor Day
Afforestation can not only afforest and beautify the homeland, but also play the role of expanding mountain forest resources, preventing soil erosion, protecting farmland, regulating climate and promoting economic development. It is a grand project beneficial to the contemporary and benefiting future generations. In order to protect forestry resources, beautify the environment and maintain ecological balance, many countries in the world have set up tree planting Festival according to their actual situation. With people's increasing awareness of environmental protection, and actively engaged in afforestation activities, our living environment will be constantly improved.
In order to deepen people's understanding of China's tree planting day, make afforestation and greening the motherland go on year after year, attract the attention of the people of the whole country, overseas Chinese, compatriots of Hong Kong and Macao, and international friendly personages, and promote the sustainable development of China's afforestation, according to the suggestions of the masses and the needs of the development of the situation, and on the basis of extensive consultation, 1984 At the third plenary meeting of the national Greening Committee in February, 2002, the emblem of the Chinese tree planting festival was approved.
Chinese tree planting Festival emblem is a vivid, rich and profound symbol. The trees in the design of the festival emblem indicate that Chinese citizens have the obligation to plant 3 to 5 trees, and everyone should start greening the motherland. The inscriptions of "China Arbor Day" and "3.12" not only make people remember the day of arbor day, but also embody the perseverance of the Chinese people to plant trees every year for the benefit of mankind. Five trees (three conifers and two broad-leaved trees) can be interpreted as' Forest '. The extension of the outer ring connected by this shows the greening of the motherland and the realization of a virtuous cycle of natural ecological system with forests as the main body.