in air cargo transportation, the freight rate of general cargo is the most applicable one. Does air transportation of dangerous goods belong to GCR? How to understand the GCR of air freight?
When a batch of goods can not be applied to the freight rate of special goods and does not belong to grade goods, the freight rate of ordinary goods should be applied.
Usually, according to the different quantity of cargo carried, the general cargo rates published by airlines stipulate several breakpoints. The most common cut-off point is the 45 kg cut-off point, which divides the goods into goods of less than 45 kg (this kind of freight rate is also known as the standard general cargo rates, i.e., ngcr, or n price for short), and goods over 45 kg (including 45 kg).
In addition, according to the different cargo flow of the route, the boundary points of 100 kg, 300 kg, 500 kg, 1000 kg, or even more can be specified.
The amount of freight decreases with the increase of freight volume, which is also one of the significant characteristics of air freight.
Due to the low freight rate for large volume goods, it is easy to find that the freight calculated according to the freight rate of 45 kg or more (for example, 9.82 & times; 75 = 736.50) is higher than the freight payable for a 100 kg cargo (for example, 7.14 & times; 100 = 714.00), which is obviously unreasonable.
Therefore, the airline also stipulates that for air transport cargo, in addition to comparing the actual gross weight and volume weight and taking the higher as the billing weight, if the freight calculated by the higher billing weight cut-off point is lower, the higher rate of the billing weight cutoff point can also be applied. At this time, the billing weight of the cargo is the minimum traffic volume at the higher billing weight cut-off point, We usually call this kind of practice 'depending on the grade'.
That is to say, in the above example, the rate of 7.14 per kilogram can also be applied to this 75 kilogram cargo, but the charging weight of the goods should be 100kg at 714 pounds
However, in order to maximize profits, many airlines have issued new regulations to supplement the previous regulations and not allow the practice of "relying on the grade". Therefore, in actual operation, it should also be determined according to the regulations of the carrier airline.
Supplement: several principles concerning freight rates:
1. Freight rate refers to from one airport to another, and only applies to a single direction.
2. The freight rate does not include other additional costs, such as delivery, customs declaration, delivery and storage costs.
3. Freight rates are usually in local currency or US dollars.
4. Freight rates are generally calculated in kilograms or pounds.
5. The rates in the air waybill shall be based on the rates applicable on the date of issue of the waybill.