Spring comes, everything is thriving, including some of our common wild vegetables are also gradually sprouting. Many people like to eat some wild vegetables in spring. They think that it can recall the bitter and sweet things, and it also has good health effects. Today, I will take you to know what kinds of wild vegetables can be eaten in spring?
Platycodon grandiflorum is very common in our life, and it has many nicknames, such as leaf vegetables, monk hat and so on. It can produce small blue flowers at the end of its branches. We usually eat the root of Platycodon grandiflorum, which has expectorant antitussive, analgesic, antipyretic, sedative, hypoglycemic, anti-inflammatory, anti ulcer, anti-tumor and antibacterial effects.
It is sour and cold in nature, can clear heat and damp, cool blood and detoxify. For bacillary dysentery, acute gastroenteritis, acute appendicitis, mastitis, hemorrhoids bleeding, etc.
External use for the treatment of sores, swelling toxin, eczema, herpes zoster, etc. Modern pharmacological research shows that it has antibacterial effect, and has inhibitory effect on Escherichia coli, dysentery bacilli, typhoid bacillus, and common pathogenic skin fungi.
This kind of wild vegetable belongs to a kind of warm and bitter taste, but it can dispel wind and damp, stop bleeding and relieve pain if it is often eaten. Moreover, it has medicinal effects all over the body. For example, root bark can be used for dysentery, enteritis, urinary tract infection, bloody stool, blood avalanche, leucorrhea, rheumatism, waist and leg pain, etc.; leaves and twigs can be used for dysentery; The fruit can be used for gastric and duodenal ulcer, chronic gastritis, etc.
It has the effect of cooling blood, stopping bleeding, clearing away heat and diuresis. It can be used for renal tuberculosis, urine blood, postpartum uterine bleeding, menorrhagia, pulmonary tuberculosis hemoptysis, hypertension, cold fever, nephritis edema, urinary calculi, enteritis, etc. With modern pharmacological research, Capsella bursa pastoris contains capsaicin, which has hemostatic effect.
Kudingcai, also known as kudingcai, is bitter in nature and cold in nature. It has the effects of clearing away heat and detoxification, breaking blood stasis and promoting blood circulation, and excreting pus. It can be used for appendicitis, abdominal abscess, enteritis, dysentery, acute and chronic pelvic inflammatory disease, pulmonary heat, cough, tuberculosis and hematemesis. External use for the treatment of injuries, sores and boils swelling pain, scrotal eczema, etc.
Pteridium aquilinum, also known as Pteridium aquilinum, is more common in wild vegetables. When the fern leaves are curly, it means that it is relatively fresh and tender, and the leaves will stretch out when they are old.
In spring, proper consumption of Pteridium aquilinum can not only achieve the effect of clearing heat and smoothing intestines, but also reduce fire, Qi, phlegm, diuresis and tranquilization. But dry or salted bracken should be soaked in water before eating to restore it. The common eating methods are fried spinach fern, bracken meat, cold mixed bracken and so on.
Spiny buds, also known as Aralia elata and Aralia elata, mainly grow in shrubs and forest hollows. It is not a herb like other wild vegetables, but a woody plant. Its bark is gray, covered with thick hard prickles; the flowers are yellowish white; the fruit is berry, spherical and black.
The edible part of thorn bud is mainly its tender bud, which can play the role of Tonifying Qi, promoting blood circulation, dispelling wind, diuresis, relieving pain, tonifying kidney and essence, etc.
Dandelion, also known as huanghuadiding, baopo Ding, huanghuasanqi, many people have seen it in the wild. Its pollen contains vitamins and linoleic acid, while its branches and leaves contain choline, amino acids and trace elements.
The main functions of dandelion are clearing away heat and detoxification, detumescence and diuresis. It has broad-spectrum antibacterial effect, but also can stimulate the immune function of the body, to achieve cholagogic and hepatoprotective effects. It can be eaten raw, fried or made into soup, such as jellyfish skin mixed with dandelion, dandelion fried shredded meat; it can also be mixed with green tea, licorice, honey, etc., to make a cup of dandelion green tea which can clear away heat, detoxify and detumescence.
So, what should we pay attention to when eating wild vegetables?
Notes on eating wild vegetables
When traveling and exploring in the wild, most people feel a big appetite after eating convenient food for a few days, so they use many wild vegetables to cook delicious dishes. In case of special circumstances, such as food supply cut off, the wild Communist Party has become the main emergency food.
However, there are often many poisonous wild vegetables mixed in edible wild vegetables, which brings great danger to the eaters. According to the doctors concerned, if you accidentally eat these poisonous wild vegetables, you will have some toxic symptoms, such as abdominal pain, diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, dizziness and other symptoms.
If you have these symptoms, do not be too nervous, there are two ways to deal with it.
The first way is to induce vomiting. If you can't vomit, you can drink some light soapy water.
The second way to neutralize the toxin is to take garlic, mash the egg in time, or to the nearest hospital to treat it.