How to care for baby eczema? What is baby eczema? For many little babies, in the process of growing up, we will inevitably encounter this problem. In fact, baby eczema is a very common phenomenon, but for parents, never be careless, we must do a good job in nursing.
Before the first year of life, the baby is easy to get eczema, which is similar to the common Eczema in nature. It is an allergic skin inflammation, accompanied by the condition of the rash. This kind of skin inflammation occurs in babies for a certain period of time. Generally, it will get better after weaning, so some people also call it 'nursing care'.
What are the symptoms of eczema?
The symptoms of eczema usually appear within 1-3 months after the birth of the child. When supplementary food is added, the situation will gradually get better, and the child will be able to self heal when he is about 2 years old. At the beginning of the disease, the baby's skin will appear gradually increased small rubella, and then develop into small blisters. After the blisters are eroded, the exudate will form yellow scales and crusts, and sometimes recurrent. At this time, this kind of skin inflammation may appear in all parts of the baby's body. Among them, the face, ears, hands, calves and anus are multiple sites.
The sick child's mood fluctuates greatly, often will be obviously fidgety and upset, it is difficult to sleep at night, always can't help but want to scratch. However, infantile eczema is not a deep-seated skin lesion, and generally no trace is left after cure.
How is eczema caused?
Genetic factors. Although the etiology of eczema is difficult to determine, if a parent has ever had eczema or similar allergic diseases, the chances of the baby will increase significantly. Genetic factors play a guiding role in predicting the incidence rate of infantile eczema.
Environmental factors. Baby's delicate skin is easy to cause allergy when it comes into contact with some chemical fibers, animal hair fabrics or unclean sweat, urine, etc. Pollen, mites and even dry air can cause eczema in children, which sometimes makes mothers feel defenseless.
Dietary factors. Food allergies are another cause of eczema in infants. Milk protein is the biggest cause of infant's food allergy. In addition, lactating mothers who eat chocolate, crabs, shrimp and other foods are also prone to eczema.
Emotional factors. Bad emotions such as anxiety or sadness may aggravate your baby's condition.
Care for eczema
Feeding and diet
Try to breast feed your baby as much as possible during infancy. If there is no breast milk, you can drink formula at the corresponding stage. Mothers don't drink milk too early for their babies.
When mothers add complementary foods to their babies, they should try to avoid the ingredients that are easily allergic. For babies under one year old, it's better not to eat egg white, crabs and other animal complementary foods that are easy to cause allergies, and some fruits and vegetables that are easy to cause allergies, such as pineapple, kelp, kiwi fruit and so on, do not let the baby eat too early.
Breastfeeding mothers should pay special attention to some food after the mother eat milk to the baby, but also easily lead to eczema, such as: chocolate, crabs, drinks and so on. If the baby has allergic symptoms, the mother who is breastfeeding should immediately avoid eating.
Children's complementary food should be light, delicious and easy to digest, reduce salt and prevent body fluid accumulation. Mothers also don't want to give their children food that is easy to gain weight. They should control their children's weight. Babies with eczema prefer to find fatter children.
Through the diet conditioning configuration treatment, can effectively control the disease, the symptoms will gradually disappear with the growth of the child's age.
Baby food to light diet is good, should be less salt, in order to avoid the body fluid too much and prone to eczema.
Too sultry environment will make children feel very uncomfortable. Mothers should not wear too many clothes for eczema babies, so as not to cover too much to aggravate the disease, let them not be directly exposed to the sun.
Babies can't bear the itching of eczema, which may lead to small rubella. Mothers should wash their hands and cut their nails frequently to reduce the chance of skin infection and scratches.
Keep the house ventilated and clean. The temperature should not be too high. If there is a pet, it's best to send it away during eczema. Don't let dust and other dirty things irritate the baby's delicate skin.
If the allergen is known, try to prevent the baby from contacting the allergen again; if it has not been found, the mothers must start from where they can think of to find it earlier.
When bathing children with eczema, pay attention to the control of water temperature. Too high temperature may make the skin more vulnerable. Do not use any more irritating soap and bath liquid. It is recommended to wash with clear water for no more than 10 minutes. After washing, dry the baby immediately and apply the moisturizer for baby.
It's best to wear cotton clothes for eczema babies, and use cotton bedding, both of which should be clean and comfortable. Chemical fiber, wool, silk and other irritant materials should be kept away from the baby.
According to the doctor's instructions to the baby on time to apply medicine, mothers do not make their own claims to give their children more hormones and antibiotics, so as not to let the skin rely on drugs.
The most important thing is to treat your baby's eczema. If you need to receive BCG vaccine, you'd better wait until your baby's eczema is cured.
There are no pets at home, such as birds, cats, dogs, etc. Ventilate the room, do not smoke in the room, do not put carpets in the room, and the best way to clean is wet wipe to avoid dust, or use a vacuum cleaner to deal with dusty places in the home, such as curtains, frames and other items.
Keep your baby's stool clear and sleep well
Before going to bed, the rhythmic limb movement for the baby for about 20 minutes can not only increase the anti sensitivity ability of the body, but also help the gastrointestinal function and improve the sleep quality of the baby.
How to properly care for infantile eczema?
Nursing methods of eczema 01
Use 4-6 layers of fine gauze, dip in mineral water or pure water, take no dripping as appropriate, apply wet gauze on the wound, and determine the replacement time and times according to the amount of eczema exudate, 2-3 times a day.
Wash and apply with breast milk
The eczema on the baby's face can be reduced by washing it with milk.
The newborn baby does not need eczema drugs containing hormones as much as possible. The mother's milk contains some antibacterial factors and has certain moisturizing and moisturizing effects on the skin. But this method is generally slow to work.
With potato chips
Potato juice contains alkaline substances which are good for skin. It can play a certain antibacterial role in dealing with eczema. But potatoes alone can't be removed at all.
Many ointment for external use can reduce capillary permeability, reduce exudation, have anti-inflammatory and antipruritic effects. But it contains a small amount of hormone, which is not good for the baby after long-term use. When using, it should be mixed with baby's moisturizer, and a thin layer should be applied on the eczema. The use time should not exceed 1 week. If it does not work after 1 week, it is better to take the baby to the hospital for examination.
Add Job's tears to auxiliary food
It can prevent and alleviate eczema by boiling barley and japonica rice into congee, then adding a small amount of ice sugar for dessert.
Coix seed is suitable for eczema of spleen deficiency type. If the baby usually does not eat well, love long eczema, you can use this method conditioning.
Eczema care notes:
Eczema can get wet. Children with eczema only need to avoid the allergens that cause eczema, but other living habits are not affected at all.
Eczema has two obvious characteristics: first, it itches and children scratch unconsciously. Second, when eczema breaks, it will come out of water, so it is called eczema. Broken eczema may be infected by bacteria, so children should be prevented from scratching eczema.
Children with eczema can also take a bath, so as to keep the skin clean and moist, which is good for the self-healing of eczema. But the bath water temperature can not be too high, try to use less chemical bath products, wash with water on the line.
Children with eczema, as long as the hospital blood, doctors can immediately determine whether the child is protein allergy constitution, whether to stop eating eggs, fish soup and other diets. Before making sure whether the child is allergic to protein or not, parents should not stop taking complementary food to avoid poor nutrition.