The Lunar New Year's Eve is the day before New Year's Eve, commonly known as "little new year's Eve". On this day, people buy wine and banquets at home. People visit each other and call it "another year". As a little new year's Eve, the Lunar New Year's Eve also has its own traditional customs. So what's the custom of the Lunar New Year's Eve?
What day is December 29?
On the 29th day of the 12th lunar month, the day before the new year's Eve, commonly known as "little new year's Eve", on this day, people buy wine and feast at home. People visit each other called "other years old", and burn incense outdoors, called "Tianxiang". It usually takes three days.
What is' little new year's Eve '?
New year's Eve refers to the night of the last day of the lunar month, which is connected with the Spring Festival (the first day of the first lunar month). The word "except" in "New Year's Eve" means "go; change; alternation". New Year's Eve means "the end of the month". People have to get rid of the old part of the new year. The word "except" in "New Year's Eve" means "the end of the lunar year". Therefore, the activities during this period are all centered around eliminating the old and the new, and eliminating disasters and praying for blessings. At the end of each year in the Zhou and Qin Dynasties, the Imperial Palace held a ceremony of "big Nuo" to beat drums to expel the ghosts of epidemic diseases, which was called "eviction", and then the day before New Year's Eve was called "small New Year's Eve", which was called "big new year's Eve", which was called "big new year's Eve".
On the customs of the 29th month of the twelfth lunar month
1. On the 29th of the twelfth lunar month, go to the grave and ask the ancestors for a big confession
There are big and small months in Chinese lunar calendar. The so-called big month is the 30th, while the small one is only the 29th. Therefore, the last day of the year is December, the 29th day. Then the 29th of the twelfth lunar month is the new year's Eve. Even if it is not a small moon, the next day is the new year's Eve, so all kinds of preparatory activities for the new year should be completed on this day. In the whole festival, 29 is the busiest day. In addition to preparing all kinds of clothes and food offerings, there is also an extremely important activity "go to the grave and invite ancestors". Therefore, it is said that "on the 29th of the twelfth month, go to the grave and ask the ancestors to give a big confession".
The worship of ancestors has a long history in China. It is not only an important symbol of filial piety, but also a virtue of respecting the old. Therefore, every festival, we should offer sacrifices to our ancestors. This is not only a kind of consolation to our ancestors, but also a kind of gratitude and yearning for our ancestors. Spring Festival is a big festival, and the ceremony to invite ancestors to the grave is particularly solemn and important. The time to invite ancestors to the grave is in the morning of the 29th day in most areas, and in the afternoon of new year's Eve to dusk in a few areas.
2. The ballad says' 29, steamed bread '
Twenty eight is ready to make noodles, twenty-nine is about to start steaming steamed bread, people give full play to their imagination, and make steamed bread into Shoutao, small animals and other shapes. In Tianjin, you will come to qiaoxiangge and ask for Chinese knot on this day, which means "qiaoxiangnafu". In the traditional custom, '29, steamed bread'. During the Spring Festival, it is forbidden to cook, such as steaming, frying, frying and burning. However, steaming and competing, frying and quarreling, frying and frying (four tones), branding and falling are all unlucky. Therefore, it is necessary to steam out enough steamed bread before the year. Besides steaming steamed bread, there are steamed flower rolls, steamed bean buns, steamed jujube mountain steamed bread and so on.
3. Go get some wine
According to the ballad, "29, go to fight for wine" means to buy wine, because in the past agricultural society, wine sellers used to put wine in jars and buy it by themselves. Drinking is to prepare for sacrifice and hospitality.