How many days is the Spring Festival holiday in 2019? Is there any difference in customs around the Spring Festival? The Spring Festival holiday is normally 7 days, and this year is no exception. According to the arrangement of the Spring Festival holiday in 2019, it is learned in detail that the holiday time in 2019 is from New year's Eve (February 4) to February 10 (sixth day), a total of 7 days, including 3 days of legal holidays.
The Spring Festival in 2019 is 7 days off, that is, from New Year's Eve to the sixth day of the lunar new year. That is, from February 4 to February 10, a total of 7 days. Among them, February 5, February 6 and February 7 are legal holidays. Among them, on February 2 (Saturday) and 3 (Sunday) 2019, they will take a rest, and on Monday 11 (Monday), they will go to work normally.
Chinese people have the habit of guarding the year on New Year's Eve. After eating the reunion dinner, the cooking utensils should be washed clean, so as to be vegetarian in the morning or all day of the first day of the first month. In the evening, we should keep the age, and every room should be lighted all night long. The folk custom of guarding the year is mainly manifested in the fact that the lights stay on all night on New Year's Eve, which is called "lighting up the year", that is, lighting up the lights and candles all over the year. It is said that such lighting up will enrich the family's wealth in the coming year.
New year's Eve is one of the most important activities of the Year custom, which has a long history. The earliest records are in the local records of the Western Jin Dynasty: on the eve of new year's Eve, each party gives gifts, which are called 'giving to the old'; wine and food invite each other, which are called 'other years'; the elders and children gather together to drink, which is called' dividing the years'; everyone stays up all night, waiting for the dawn, which is called 'keeping the year'.
From the beginning of the first month, the theme of greeting the new year, offering sacrifices to gods and praying for a good harvest year has come into being. At the turn of the Yuan Dynasty, firecrackers, fireworks, old year's greetings, new year's celebrations and other activities reached a climax. On the first day of the new year, people get up early, put on the most beautiful clothes and dress up neatly, go out to visit relatives and friends, and wish a happy new year.
Spring Festival Customs in northern China
Tianjin people call the eighth day of the twelfth lunar month "Laba children". It is a custom to drink Laba porridge. Many people in Tianjin still use vinegar to soak garlic, which is called "Laba garlic". From the 15th of the 12th lunar month, all kinds of new year's products have been listed, and the North Street of the palace with Niangniang palace as the axis is even more bustling. One of the goals for boys to go to Niangniang palace is the wind gourd. When adult men come here, they can't forget to buy lanterns. Women come here to wash their dolls. The "doll" tied back from the Niangniang palace has to be washed every year, which is what women have to do before the festival.
Tianjin also has the custom of hanging qian'er in Spring Festival. Hanging qian'er is a pattern cut and engraved with colored paper, which is pasted on the glass and transverse edge of doors and windows as the ornament of the festive atmosphere of Spring Festival. The hanging money can only be damaged on the fifth day of the first month, otherwise it means a bad year. Tianjin people call the fifth day of the first month "broken five". On this day, every family eats dumplings, and the chopping board should be Jingdong, so that the neighbors can hear it, to show that they are chopping "villains". Tianjin people attribute their unhappiness to villains. Only by eliminating villains can we have a good fortune. On the fifth day of the new year, firecrackers will be set off in the evening, which also means avoiding evil spirits and disasters.
In many places in Shandong, after midnight on New Year's Eve, all people rise to worship the gods of heaven and earth. In the countryside, firecrackers should be set off, and a table should be set up in the courtyard of the upper room. On the table, tributes should be placed, incense and paper should be burned. People call it "paper distribution". Of course, there are others such as using mats to build the "heaven and Earth Tower" and worship the gods. In many rural areas of Shandong Province, the custom of kowtowing at the first day of the new year has been kept. Before dawn, all the men in the family kowtow to the elders of the family and pay 'lucky money' to the children. After breakfast, all the women in the family kowtow to the elders of the family. On the second day of the first year of the new year, there is a custom for all the men to sacrifice to their ancestors in some places. They should bring rich tributes, paper money, incense and platinum, as well as many firecrackers to comfort their ancestors and gods. The third and fourth day of junior high is the day to go to relatives.
The rules of worshiping the heaven and ancestors in Shanxi are rare, but the rules of not speaking at the dinner of the new year's Eve are preserved. The first meal of Spring Festival is dumplings. When cooking dumplings, set off firecrackers. In order to drive away evil and seek good luck, sesame stalks are used to cook dumplings in some areas, which means that the new year will be like sesame blossoming and growing, and the days will be better. Dumplings to cook much, must have surplus, intended to have surplus. When eating, in addition to one bowl for each person, we should also serve one or two more bowls in order to hope that the population will flourish. After that, I was busy preparing for the new year. The atmosphere was thick day by day. On the 23rd, the kitchen king was sacrificed. On the 24th, it was the day of sweeping, commonly known as "Hu Sweeping Day". Shanxi people in Laba Festival from this day on, the preparation of the new year reached a climax.