The Lantern Festival is a traditional festival in China. When it comes to the Lantern Festival, we will eat dumplings and enjoy lanterns. In ancient China, the celebration of the Lantern Festival is even bigger than the Spring Festival. Is there any tradition of the Lantern Festival except in China? What are the customs of the Lantern Festival abroad?
1. South Korea: eat five grains instead of Yuanxiao
There is no saying of Lantern Festival in South Korea. The 15th day of the first month is called "the first month looks forward to the day", which means "looking forward to the full moon". Different from China, they don't eat Lantern Festival on this day. Instead, they eat rice mixed with glutinous rice, sorghum rice, red beans, yellow rice, black beans and other grains. They eat all kinds of nuts, peanuts, walnuts, pine nuts, chestnuts, Ginkgo biloba and so on. It is said that they can make their teeth stronger and prevent skin diseases such as acne. In addition, we should drink 'clear ear wine' to pray that we will not suffer from ear disease in the new year, and that we will hear good news all year round. There are still some traditional celebrations in the countryside of South Korea. For example, 'burning the Moon House', a conical roof truss made of tree trunks or bamboo, and a note with new year's wishes on it. After the moon rises, people light the 'Moon House' with their torches and sing and dance around the fire.
2. Japan: Flower lights in Zhonghua Street
Japan calls January the first month of the Gregorian calendar and January 15 the little first month. There are many folk activities in Japan, and the Lantern Festival on the 15th day of the first month of the lunar calendar is relatively strange to most Japanese. On the 15th day of the first lunar month, the Chinese street in Japan is very busy. For example, the Lantern Festival will be held every year in Zhonghua street, Yokohama, and some local Chinese and overseas Chinese will come to join us.
3. North Korea: the 15th anniversary of the first lunar month
In North Korea, the Lantern Festival is called "the 15th day of the first month". On this day, every family will make 'five grain rice' which is a mixture of rice, yellow rice, millet, beans and barley. This kind of "rice with five grains" not only symbolizes the "rice with abundant grains", but also symbolizes the "five blessings" of longevity, wealth, health, fertility and safety. In addition, every family has an indispensable dish on this day, which is made of nine kinds of dry vegetables, such as common dried radish leaves, dried fern, dried pepper leaves, dried Platycodon grandiflorum, dried sweet potato rattan, dried gourd, etc. in winter. The most interesting thing to mention is the 'welcome to the moon' at night. It is said that the first people to see the "15th" moon will keep good things in a year. The unmarried young man will see it and marry a beautiful girl like a full moon this year. The married man will see it and have a healthy baby this year.
4. Southeast Asia: Lion Dance Tour playing Nanyin
Many countries in Southeast Asia have a large proportion of Chinese, so the Chinese in these places have maintained the customs of southern China. In the Lantern Festival, a traditional Chinese festival, the local Chinese New Year customs, while maintaining their own traditions, have formed a unique New Year customs through the integration and development of local culture. A few years ago, Fujian guild hall in Singapore began to hold a lively 'step on the street' activity at the Lantern Festival, where it performed wonderful martial arts, lion dance and Nanyin. Lantern Festival is one of the most important traditional festivals of Malaysian Chinese. The custom of "throwing oranges and picking bananas" is lively, romantic and unique. In Yamaguchi, West Kalimantan, Indonesia, the annual Chinese traditional cultural activities were held. The lantern festival parade is an important part and the climax of a series of Chinese Spring Festival celebrations.