Hamster is a very cute little animal. Many people like to keep hamster as a pet. Since they have it, they should be responsible for it. Learn how to raise hamster and understand its habits. This is a good master in charge. Let's talk about how to raise hamsters.
1. Introduction to hamster
There are 18 species and 7 genera of hamsters (scientific name: cricetus), which are mainly distributed in the arid areas of Central Asia and a few in Europe. The length of hamster is 5-12cm, and its body is plump and round. In addition to the small hamsters distributed in Central Asia, other species of hamsters have cheek pouches on both cheeks, extending from the molar side to the shoulder, so they are called hamsters.
Hamsters usually dig holes where they build their nests. They like to move at night. Seeds are often collected and taken back to or stored in caves. This kind of animal is very mini and cute. It is a very strong solitary animal and also a very popular pet. There are many kinds of hamsters, such as Golden Bear, three line hamster, one line hamster and so on.
2. Living habits
Hamsters often live in grasslands and semi deserts, desert areas or mountains. They live in caves, sleep during the day and move at night. When sleeping, it is not easy to wake up, once wake up, the response is sensitive. Hamsters have a strong sense of vigilance. When they are in danger, attack or distress, they often shout loudly with their heads held high, ready to fight back and bite.
It has the habit of hibernating and storing food. It likes to nest with straw, straw, cotton wool, paper scraps, etc. It's a solitary animal. Most of them don't like to live with the same kind of animals except in mating period. Females only live with males in estrus period. The reproduction rate of hamster is very high, the pregnancy period is about 16-20 days, and each birth can produce 6-8. The newborn hamster is pink, hairless and has no eyes. In the period of giving birth and lactation, if the female mice are disturbed or caught by human hands, they often kill or even eat them. The life span of hamster is about 3 years.
3. Feed for hamsters
Rat and mouse are very easy to raise small animals. Their feed can be bought ready-made in flower and bird market. The main formula is: Hemp with shell, millet (where birds are sold in flower and bird market), then corn flakes, buckwheat, oatmeal can be bought in supermarket, and finally some original melon seeds can be prepared. Remember to be original!! do not bring salty taste, rat and mouse will be angry after eating, and their mouth will be dry 。
4. Hamster cage
The imported cage of plexiglass is recommended with good ventilation effect. There are many plexiglass cages with different prices on the market. It is suggested not to buy too large and complex ones, which is inconvenient for cleaning and sanitation. Secondly, do not buy cages with wire all around. In winter, rats will be cold and ventilated on both sides. In winter, as long as cardboard is used to cover one side, rats will be very warm!
5. Precautions for raising hamster in winter and summer
Summer: hamsters are very afraid of heat, so when summer comes, they should keep the indoor air circulating. Some people like to use air conditioner, so they should pay attention to avoid excessive temperature difference. In addition, they'd better not take hamsters out in summer. If there is a need, they can use some cold insulation equipment. Winter: hamster is not very cold resistant. Generally speaking, when the temperature is lower than 10 ℃, hamster will have a similar situation of hibernation. Once hamster has this situation, its life will be reduced after waking up. So once it is necessary to keep warm, it is better to lay more cloth and warm equipment in the warehouse.
6. Environment in which hamsters are raised
Avoid direct sunlight. Unlike many animals, hamsters can't be directly exposed to the sun. If they are exposed to the sun for a long time, they are prone to be abnormal. To avoid being directly blown by the wind, some people think that animals should be placed in the place directly blown by the wind, but hamsters can't, but also pay attention to the ventilation to ensure the normal convection of the air. Far away from TV, computer, etc., hamster is also very sensitive to radiation and noisy environment. It can hear the sound wave that human cannot hear, so it should be far away from TV, computer and other radiation appliances.