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What are the initial symptoms of influenza in winter? How to prevent influenza

Now, the northern weather has begun to appear precipice cooling. Winter is the season of frequent influenza, especially those babies with poor immunity are most vulnerable to the attack of influenza. So it's very important to do a good job of influenza prevention in winter, so what are the possible symptoms of influenza for babies?

What symptoms may be influenza?

The most obvious symptoms of influenza are fever, headache, myalgia and general malaise. We should all know that at the beginning of a cold, you will feel weak all over the body, and you will feel pain wherever you touch it.

After that is fever, body temperature 39 ℃ - 40 ℃, shivering, muscle and joint pain, lack of power, poor appetite.

Then there may be sore throat, dry cough, stuffy nose, runny nose, discomfort behind the sternum and so on.

The baby with more serious symptoms also has abdominal pain, vomiting and diarrhea.

If these cold symptoms appear and are not getting worse, the temperature will gradually recover and the general symptoms will get better in 3-4 days. But coughing and physical recovery may take 1-2 weeks.

Children with cold may have some complications, parents should pay special attention.

Pneumonia is the most common complication of influenza, especially in children. Influenza can easily develop into pneumonia.

It may develop into symptoms of pneumonia:

After the illness of 'flu', the condition worsens further in 2-4 days. High fever, severe cough, thick sputum, dyspnea and so on may cause 'pneumonia'.

"Flu" may cause complications of nervous system damage, such as meningitis, encephalitis, acute necrotizing encephalopathy, etc.

Heart injury is also a complication of influenza, but it is not common, mainly myocarditis and pericarditis. After infection with influenza virus, the risk of myocardial infarction, ischemic heart disease hospitalization and even death will increase.

The complications included myositis and rhabdomyolysis, myalgia, myasthenia, and renal failure. The results showed that serum creatine kinase and myoglobin were elevated.

There are also complications: septic shock, characterized by high fever, shock and multiple organ dysfunction.

How can children prevent influenza in winter?

1. Eat light and easy to digest food

As the saying goes, illness comes from the mouth. Therefore, to prevent influenza, we should start with the baby's diet. Usually try to eat light point, so that the baby's appetite will increase, but also nutrition. Like fried food, puffed food, heavy taste food and so on, the baby may like to eat very much, but at this time, parents should control and try not to let the baby eat. In addition, let the baby eat more easily digested food, which can also help avoid the flu.

2. Drink more water

Drinking more water is also a good way to prevent influenza. Parents usually let their babies drink water on time. If you don't like water very much, you can also drink some acid juice for your baby. Don't replace water with juice completely.

3. Sleep well

Ordinary people as long as the quality of sleep at night is not good, the next day will feel very no spirit, very weak, let alone the baby. Therefore, to ensure that the baby has enough sleep, in order to better resist the flu.

4. Less crowded places

It's easy to spread the virus in crowded places. Therefore, if you want to take your baby out of the house, try not to go to crowded places. You can take your baby to places that are spacious, less crowded and fresh.

5. Vaccinate the baby in time

To vaccinate your baby is to produce antibodies against the virus in your baby's body. In this way, we can help our baby prevent influenza more effectively. Therefore, parents should take their babies to be vaccinated in time.