Today is Xiaohan, and we have entered the coldest period of the year. After that, there will be a big cold. The cold temperature will last for some time. The so-called treatment of summer diseases and winter diseases. In this cold time, we should pay more attention to health preservation, especially for the elderly. So how should Xiaohan keep healthy? Let's have a look.
How to keep healthy in the cold season
Principle 1 of health preservation: the first step for health preservation is to nourish the kidney
In traditional Chinese medicine, there are the principles of "spring should be liver, summer should be heart, long summer should be spleen, autumn should be lung, winter should be kidney". Therefore, in winter, it is the best time to nourish kidney. So, in the face of such cold weather, how to nourish the kidney?
1. Massage and kidney nourishing therapy
Massage therapy is a good and effective method for nourishing the kidney in winter. Recommended two kinds of massage kidney therapy: first, rub the waist and eyes. Rub your hands tightly on your waist after heating, and rub them vigorously for 30 times. The so-called "waist is the house of kidney". Rubbing the waist and eyes can dredge the muscles and vessels and enhance the renal function. Second, knead and press Dantian. Rub your hands and massage for 30-50 times. Common use of this method can enhance the immune function of human body, strengthen the kidney and strengthen the foundation, and prolong life.
2. Pay attention to daily life for nourishing kidney in winter
In winter, it's better to stay up early and stay up late, keep warm and keep the air fresh. Because the days are short and the nights are long in winter, people should go to bed early and get up early as much as possible, wear soft clothes, breathe more fresh air and bask in the sun to keep the body temperature, physical strength and healthy.
3. Tonifying kidney with medicine and food
According to traditional Chinese medicine, "medicine and food share the same origin". In fact, many of the foods we usually eat are also traditional Chinese medicine, such as yam, wolfberry, walnut, sesame, etc. we can also eat more stewed mutton, chicken soup, duck meat and other kinds of kidney warming food. Traditional Chinese medicine also believes that five grains can nourish the kidney, and health preservation experts of all ages have always advocated a healthy diet, which requires "five grains as the filling and five fruits as the nourishment", that is to say, people must take in a certain amount of staple food, vegetables and fruits every day. The main food intake is insufficient, which is easy to lead to deficiency of Qi and blood and deficiency of kidney qi; the five fruits are rich in vitamins, inorganic salts and cellulose, because they can be eaten raw, they can get more nutrients, so they are often eaten, which can help the human body get more comprehensive nutrition. Therefore, it is of great benefit to the people in the sub-health state to take in some kidney and blood nourishing foods properly at ordinary times.
Regimen principle 2: diet maintenance, nourishing and cold prevention
Winter weather is cold, at this time is also the most abundant time of yin and evil, that is, the so-called Yin and evil in traditional Chinese medicine. From the point of view of diet health, we should pay special attention to eat more warm food in daily diet to benefit the body and prevent the invasion of cold climate on the human body. The commonly used tonics are ginseng, astragalus, donkey hide gelatin, Cordyceps sinensis, Shouwu, wolfberry, angelica, etc.; the food tonic should be based on the Yin and Yang Qi and blood, combined with the nature of food to choose mutton, dog meat, pork, chicken, duck, eel, turtle, Spanish mackerel and shrimp, and other food such as walnuts, dates, longan meat, sesame, yam, lotus seed, lily, chestnut, etc. The above foods have the functions of nourishing the spleen and stomach, warming the kidney yang, strengthening the spleen and resolving phlegm, relieving cough and nourishing the lung. Of course, the constitution of partial heat, partial solid, easy to catch fire should pay attention to slow supplement, less food is good.
Three principles of health preservation: keep warm in daily life
Xiaohan is one of the coldest 24 solar terms of the year. At this time, we must pay attention to keeping warm in our daily life.
"Traditional Chinese medicine believes that cold stagnation and cold adduction are easy to cause joint pain, cervical spondylosis and even cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases in cold weather. 'keeping warm is the first priority, especially for the shoulder, neck, feet and other vulnerable parts. For the elderly, while keeping warm, we should pay attention to ventilation and keep away from cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases.
Four principles of health preservation: proper exercise, physical fitness and disease prevention
There is a folk saying: 'if you move in winter, you will have less illness; if you are lazy in winter, you will have more medicine. 'it shows the importance of winter exercise. In this dry and cold day, we should do more outdoor sports, such as jogging in the morning, skipping rope, shuttlecock and so on. But also in the spirit should be quiet God less worry, open and optimistic, do not work for trivial things, peace of mind, add fun. In this solar term, people with heart disease and high blood pressure tend to get worse and have more 'strokes'. According to traditional Chinese medicine, the blood in the human body is easy to flow when it is warm, and easy to stagnate when it is cold. The so-called "blood coagulates when it is cold" is the truth. So we must do a good job in keeping warm, especially for the elderly.