Do you know what negative population growth is? At present, China has entered the stage of negative growth. After the implementation of the comprehensive two child policy in 2016, the number of births in 2017 not only did not increase by 3.43 million as expected, but decreased by 630000; in 2018, not only did not increase by 790000 as expected, but also the number of live births in China decreased by 2.5 million. In 1790 in the middle of the Qing Dynasty, China's population exceeded 300 million, with more than 10 million births, which means that the number of births in 2018 is the lowest since the middle of the Qing Dynasty.
Negative population growth refers to the decline of birth rate and the aggravation of aging, which will affect the economic development of the country. For example, if the working adults are less, the corresponding GDP will be reduced; it will also cause pressure to the society. An adult may have to support more old people and bear too much.
What are the hazards of negative population growth?
First, the negative growth of population will lead to the shortage of national defense forces. As we all know, national defense is the foundation of a country. If the national defense forces are not enough, the country will not be too strong, and the negative growth of population will lead to the shortage of national defense forces.
Second, negative population growth may lead to gender imbalance. Many families have the idea of preferring men over women. If the population growth is negative, the proportion of men and women may be seriously imbalanced.
Third, the negative population growth will slow down the development of the country, and in many aspects, the lack of competition will lead to low enthusiasm of employees.