New year's Day 2019 is January 1, Tuesday, and November 26 of the lunar calendar, so the new year's Day holiday in 2019 is December 30, December 31, 2018 and January 1, 2019.
On Saturday, December 29, 2018 and Wednesday, January 2, 2019.
The origin of new year's Day
About 50000 BC, the ancient Egyptians had changed from nomadism to farming and settled on both sides of the Nile. Their agricultural harvest had a lot to do with whether the Nile was flooded or not. The ancient Egyptians discovered from long-term observation that the time of the Nile flooding was regular, and they recorded the time on the bamboo pole every time, from which they learned that the time between the two floods was about 365 days apart; at the same time, they found that when the tide of the Nile first rose near today's Cairo, it was also the time when the sun and Sirius rose from the horizon at the same time. So the ancient Egyptians set this day as the beginning of the year. This is the earliest origin of new year's day.
New year's Day is a compound word in Chinese. Yuan is the beginning or the first meaning. Dan is a hieroglyph indicating that the sun rises from the horizon. There are pictographs of Dan on the bronzes of the Yin and Shang Dynasties in China.
In the calendar, people used to call the earth a year around the sun. However, there is no fixed starting point and end point for the earth to move around the sun, so the starting point and end point of a year are all artificially defined, which results in different calendars. It is said that the word "New Year's Day" comes from Zhuanxu, one of the earliest emperors in China. He stipulated that the first month of the lunar calendar is "Yuan" and the first day of the first lunar month is "Dan". Later, some dynasties changed the date of new year's day, but in principle, the first day of each year was the new year's day. For example, in the Xia Dynasty, the first day of the first month was the new year's day, but in the Shang Dynasty, the first day of December was the new year's day, while in the Zhou Dynasty, the first day of November was the new year's day, and in the Qin Dynasty, the first day of October was the new year's day. Until the time of Emperor Wu of the Western Han Dynasty, Sima Qian, a great historian, and other people re established the calendar, and stipulated that the first day of the first month of each year is new year's day, which has not been changed since then.
After the success of the 1911 Revolution, it was decided to adopt the international common Gregorian calendar, so the new year's day of the lunar calendar was changed to 'Spring Festival', and January 1 of the Gregorian calendar was called the new year's day. When the people's Republic of China was founded, the 'chronology of the year' was officially adopted, and January 1 of the Gregorian calendar was designated as new year's day.
Now, most countries in the world regard January 1 as new year's day every year, because they mostly use the internationally accepted Gregorian calendar. However, due to the differences of local calendar traditions, religious beliefs, customs, seasons and climates, some countries and nationalities have different new year's Day dates, which makes the world colorful and more national.