We all know that January 1 is the new year's day and the first day of the new year. It is not only the new year in China, but also the new year in many countries, which indicates the beginning of the new year. What is the origin of new year's day? Let's learn about the origin of the traditional Chinese Festival New Year's day.
The origin of new year's Day
January 1 is the first day of the Gregorian calendar year. Most countries in the world regard this day as the new year. There are 364 days before the end of the year (365 in leap years). It is called New Year's day because it is the beginning of the year. It is winter in the four seasons of the year and has not yet spring. Yuan has the meaning of beginning. The first day refers to the time of dawn, and also refers to the day. New year's Day is the first day of the year. The word "New Year's Day" originated from Xiao Ziyun's "Jieya" poem of the Southern Dynasty: four spirits New Year's day, Wanshou early today. In the first month of the first volume of menglianglu by Wu Zimu in the Song Dynasty, the new year's Day is called the new year's day. This is the first one-year Festival. In the Han Dynasty, Cui yuan called Yuanzheng in "the three sons of Chai Ming"; in the Jin Dynasty, Yu Xuan called Yuanchen in "the ode to Yangdu"; in the Northern Qi Dynasty, a poem entitled "enjoying the song of the emperor in the summer" called Yuanchun; in the poem of "returning to the army and returning to the camp on the first day" written by Li Shi, Emperor Dezong of Tang Dynasty, it was called Yuanshuo. Traditionally, new year's Day refers to the first day of the first month of the Chinese calendar (lunar, lunar). In Chinese dialects, there are different names, such as the first day of the lunar new year, the first day of the lunar new year, the first day of the lunar new year.
New year's Day story I
China's new year's day, according to legend, originated from Zhuanxu, one of the three emperors and five emperors, with a history of more than 3000 years. The word "New Year's Day" first appeared in the book of Jin: "Zhuan Di took the first month of Mengxia as the yuan, in fact, the spring of new year's day in zhengshuo". In the southern and Northern Dynasties, Xiao Ziyun's poem "Jieya" also recorded "four seasons, new year's day, Wanshou and early spring".
The word 'New Year's Day' is a local product of ancient China. The custom of "new year" has existed in China for a long time. In 'the year of the harvest', people celebrate the harvest festival. January 1 is the new year's day, the beginning of the new year. 'New Year's Day' is a compound word. In terms of a single word, 'Yuan' means the first or the beginning. The original meaning of the word 'Dan' is daylight or morning. In the excavation of Dawenkou cultural relics, we found a picture of the sun rising from the top of the mountain, surrounded by clouds. This is the oldest "Dan" writing method in China. Later, the simplified character "Dan" appeared in the bronze inscription of yin and Shang Dynasties.
In the Xia Dynasty, the first month is Meng Xiyue (the first month). In the Xia Dynasty, there was a 'summer calendar', the current 'lunar calendar'. The first day of the first lunar month is called "the first day of the year".
Since Emperor Wu of the Han Dynasty, it has been stipulated that the first day of Meng Xiyue (the first day of the first lunar month in the Chinese calendar) is called New Year's day, which has been used until the end of the Qing Dynasty. But this is the Chinese calendar, that is, the lunar calendar or the lunar calendar, which is not what we call New Year's day today.
Today's "New Year's Day" is the first plenary session of the Chinese people's Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC) on September 27, 1949. While deciding to establish the people's Republic of China, it also decided to adopt the world's general chronology of AD, and officially designated January 1 of the Gregorian calendar as "New Year's Day" and the first day of the first lunar month as "Spring Festival".
New year's Day Story II
The origin of new year's Day
There is a legend that when Emperor Yao and Shun were in their prime more than 4000 years ago, he worked diligently for the people and did a lot of good things for the people, which was very popular among the people. But because his son had no talent, he did not pass the throne of Emperor 'son' to his son, but to shun, who had both moral and ability. Yao said to shun: 'in the new year's day, you must hand over the throne, and you can rest in peace after my death. Later, Shun passed the throne to Yu, who had made great contributions to flood control. Yu, like Shun, loved the people and did a lot of good things for the people, and was very loved. Later, people regarded the day when Emperor Shun offered sacrifices to heaven and earth and Yao as the beginning of the year, and called the first day of the first lunar month as' New Year's Day ', or' New Year's Day ', which was the ancient New Year's day. The emperors of all dynasties held activities on New Year's day, such as sacrificing gods to ancestors, writing couplets for door-to-door hanging, writing blessing characters and dancing dragon lanterns. People also gradually formed such entertainment activities as sacrificing gods and Buddha, sacrificing ancestors, pasting couplets, setting off firecrackers, guarding the year, eating reunion dinner and many "social fires". Xin Lan, a poet of the Jin Dynasty, once wrote a poem "Yuanzheng": "Yuanzheng Herald day, Jiaqing started from here.". Xianzhuo ten thousand years, small Datong Yue Xi. 'describe the celebration of new year's day.
Ancient poems on New Year's Day
1. Keeping the year
Tang & middot; Du Fu
ShouSui Arong's family, the pepper plate has praised the flowers.
Zan Zan noisy Tochigi horses, burning scattered forest crows.
Forty Ming Dynasty, flying Twilight oblique.
Who can be more restrained? Being drunk is life.
2. New year's Day
Tang Dynasty: written mediation
Dai Xing holds Yao's Cup first, and his eyes are full of frost.
It's good to laugh in front of the lamp. Tu Su should not taste it first.
3. The first day
Song & middot; Wang Anshi
In the sound of firecrackers, the spring breeze warms Tu su.
Thousands of families will always exchange the new peach for the old one.