According to statistics, every minute there will be a death of AIDS, that is, acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, caused by HIV infection. What is World AIDS Day 2018? How to prevent AIDS best? Let's get to know.
Q: what is World AIDS Day 2018?
A: World AIDS Day 2018 is December 1, 2018, Saturday, October 24, Chinese calendar.
In order to raise people's awareness of AIDS, in January 1988, the World Health Organization (who) designated December 1 as World AIDS Day, calling on all countries and international organizations to hold relevant activities on this day to publicize and popularize AIDS prevention knowledge.
The reason why December 1 is designated as World AIDS Day is that the first AIDS case was diagnosed on December 1, 1981. This proposal has been adopted by governments, international organizations and charities around the world.
World AIDS Day is marked by red ribbon. The significance of the red silk ribbon: the red silk ribbon, like a bond, closely connects the people of the world to fight AIDS together. It symbolizes our care and support for AIDS patients and those who are infected with AIDS; it symbolizes our love for life and desire for peace; it symbolizes that we should use our 'heart' to participate in the work of AIDS prevention.
AIDS is a very harmful infectious disease, caused by HIV infection. HIV is a virus that attacks the immune system. It takes the most important CD4T lymphocyte in the human immune system as the main target of attack, destroys the cell in a large amount and makes the human body lose its immune function. Therefore, the human body is easy to be infected with various diseases, and may develop malignant tumors, with a high mortality. The average incubation period of HIV in the human body is 8-9 years. Before HIV, you can live and work without any symptoms for many years.
HIV infected people will develop into AIDS patients after several years, even up to 10 years or longer incubation period. Due to the extreme decline of the body's resistance, there will be a variety of infections, such as herpes zoster, oral fungal infection, tuberculosis, enteritis, pneumonia, encephalitis caused by special pathogenic microorganisms, serious infections caused by multiple pathogens such as Candida, Pneumocystis, etc., which are often in the later stage The occurrence of malignant tumors, and long-term consumption, and even systemic failure and death.
Although many medical researchers all over the world have made great efforts, but up to now, they have not developed specific drugs to cure AIDS, nor effective vaccines for prevention. AIDS has been listed as a class B legal infectious disease in China, and it is listed as one of the infectious diseases for frontier health monitoring.
Prevention of AIDS:
At present, there is no effective vaccine to prevent AIDS, so the most important thing is to take preventive measures. The method is as follows:
1. We should adhere to the principle of self-respect, not prostitution and whoring, and avoid premarital and extramarital sex.
2. Do not use drugs or share syringes with others.
3. Do not transfuse blood or use blood products without permission. Use them under the guidance of a doctor.
4. Do not use or share toothbrush, razor, razor and other personal products.
5. Condom use is one of the most effective measures to prevent STDs and AIDS in sexual life.
6. To avoid direct contact with the blood, semen, milk and urine of AIDS patients, cut off its transmission route.