Another few days is the ninth day of the ninth lunar month, which is the traditional Double Ninth Festival, also known as Double Ninth Festival and the old man's day. So what do you know about the origin and customs of the Double Ninth Festival? Let's learn something about it with Xiaobian.
In the book of changes, 'six' is defined as the Yin number, and 'nine' as the Yang number. On September 9, the sun and the moon are combined, and the two nine are combined. Therefore, it is called Chongyang, also known as Chongjiu. The ancients thought it was a auspicious day to celebrate, and began to celebrate it from a very early time. Chongyang Festival is a festival mainly for entertainment.
The main festival activities are climbing the heights, enjoying chrysanthemums, drinking chrysanthemum wine, inserting dogwood and eating cakes. The Double Ninth Festival and the three festivals of the Qing Dynasty, the Qing Dynasty and the Yu are also the four major festivals of ancestor worship in traditional Chinese festivals.
Customs of Chongyang Festival
1、 Climb. In ancient times, there was a folk custom of climbing in Chongyang, so Chongyang Festival is also called "Climbing Festival". It is said that this custom began in the Eastern Han Dynasty. There are many poems written by the Tang dynasty literati, most of which are about the customs of Chongyang Festival. The seven laws of Du Fu, the climbing to the heights, are the famous poems about the climbing to the heights of Chongyang. There is no uniform rule for climbing everywhere. Generally speaking, it is to climb mountains and towers. There is also the custom of eating 'Chongyang cake'.
2、 Eat Chongyang cake. According to historical records, Chongyang cake, also known as flower cake, chrysanthemum cake and five color cake, has no definite method of making and is more casual. In the morning of September 9, the ancient people made cakes in September, by using cakes to match their children's heads and saying words in their mouths. They wished their children everything was high. The exquisite Chongyang cake should be made into nine layers, like a pagoda, with two lambs on it, so as to conform to the meaning of Chongyang (sheep). Some even put a small red paper flag on the double ninth cake and light a candle light. This means "light the lamp" and "eat the cake" instead of "climb the high", and "small red paper flag" instead of dogwood. Today, there is no fixed variety of Chongyang cake. All kinds of soft cakes eaten in Chongyang Festival are called Chongyang cakes.
3、 Enjoying chrysanthemum and drinking chrysanthemum wine and Chongyang Festival are the golden autumn of the year. Chrysanthemum blooms. It is said that appreciating chrysanthemum and drinking chrysanthemum wine originated from Tao Yuanming, a great poet of Jin Dynasty. Tao Yuanming is famous for his seclusion, poetry, wine and love of chrysanthemum. Later generations, with the help of others, have the custom of enjoying chrysanthemum in Chongyang. In the old days, literati and doctors also combined chrysanthemum appreciation with banquets to get closer to Tao Yuanming. In Kaifeng, the capital of the Northern Song Dynasty, there was a prevailing trend of chrysanthemum appreciation in Chongyang. At that time, there were many kinds of chrysanthemums with various shapes. People also call the ninth month of the lunar calendar "the chrysanthemum moon". In the Double Ninth Festival with chrysanthemum blooming, chrysanthemum viewing has become an important part of the festival. After the Qing Dynasty, chrysanthemum appreciation was particularly prosperous, not limited to September 9, but it was still the most prosperous around the Double Ninth Festival. ,
4、 Insert dogwood and chrysanthemum hairpin. The custom of planting dogwood on the Double Ninth Festival was very common in Tang Dynasty. The ancients believed that on the day of the Double Ninth Festival, dogwood can be planted for shelter and disaster relief; or it can be worn on the arm, or it can be used as a sachet to put dogwood in it, or it can be put on the head. Most of them are women and children. In some places, men also wear them. Wearing dogwood on the Double Ninth Festival is recorded in Gehong's miscellany of the western classics in the Jin Dynasty. Besides wearing dogwood, people also wear chrysanthemum. Tang Dynasty has been so, the prevalence of successive dynasties. In the Qing Dynasty, the custom of the Double Ninth Festival in Beijing was to stick chrysanthemum branches and leaves on the doors and windows to 'remove the ferocity and filth and call for good luck'. This is the change of hairpin chrysanthemum on the head. In Song Dynasty, there were also pieces of color cut into dogwood and chrysanthemum for gift.
After the founding of new China, the activities of Chongyang Festival have enriched new contents. In 1989, China's Chongyang Festival was designated as the elderly's day. On this day, all regions should organize the elderly to climb mountains and travel in autumn, broaden their horizons, exchange feelings, exercise their bodies, cultivate the noble morality of returning to nature and loving the motherland. Many families will also help the elderly elders to the countryside activities or prepare some delicious food for the elderly.